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  1. The Epistemic Role of Core Cognition.Zoe Jenkin - 2020 - Philosophical Review 129 (2):251-298.
    According to a traditional picture, perception and belief have starkly different epistemic roles. Beliefs have epistemic statuses as justified or unjustified, depending on how they are formed and maintained. In contrast, perceptions are “unjustified justifiers.” Core cognition is a set of mental systems that stand at the border of perception and belief, and has been extensively studied in developmental psychology. Core cognition's borderline states do not fit neatly into the traditional epistemic picture. What is the epistemic role of these states? (...)
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  • The Role of Second-Person Information in the Development of Social Understanding.Chris Moore & John Barresi - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  • The Prosocial Roots of Children's Developing Morality.Anja Kaßecker - 2020 - Dissertation, Ludwig Maximilians Universität, München
    According to many scholars, prosociality, in particular altruism and empathic concern, is considered an important motivational factor both in adulthood and in the development of morality. So far, a large number of studies have addressed the development of children’s first-party prosociality and their third-party understanding of moral norms separately. In particular, there is much evidence that during the second year of life, young children develop empathic concern and sympathy for others in need in prosocial situations. Moreover, recent findings suggest that (...)
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  • Evolutionary Psychology -- Towards a More Integrative Model.Frederick Toates - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (2-3):305-328.
    Aspects of the history of behavioural science are reviewed, pointing to its fragmented and faction-ridden nature. The emergence of evolutionary psychology (EP) is viewed in this context. With the help of a dual-layered model of behavioural control, the case is made for a more integrative perspective towards EP. The model's application to both behaviour and complex human information processing is described. Similarities in their control are noted. It is suggested that one layer of control (‘on-line’) corresponds to the encapsulated modules (...)
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  • A Model of the Hierarchy of Behaviour, Cognition, and Consciousness.Frederick Toates - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):75-118.
    Processes comparable in important respects to those underlying human conscious and non-conscious processing can be identified in a range of species and it is argued that these reflect evolutionary precursors of the human processes. A distinction is drawn between two types of processing: stimulus-based and higher-order. For ‘higher-order,’ in humans the operations of processing are themselves associated with conscious awareness. Conscious awareness sets the context for stimulus-based processing and its end-point is accessible to conscious awareness. However, the mechanics of the (...)
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  • Beyond Neonatal Imitation: Aerodigestive Stereotypies, Speech Development, and Social Interaction in the Extended Perinatal Period.Nazim Keven & Kathleen A. Akins - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
    In our target article, we argued that the positive results of neonatal imitation are likely to be by-products of normal aerodigestive development. Our hypothesis elicited various responses on the role of social interaction in infancy, the methodological issues about imitation experiments, and the relation between the aerodigestive theory and the development of speech. Here we respond to the commentaries.
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  • Young Children’s Indiscriminate Helping Behavior Toward a Humanoid Robot.Dorothea U. Martin, Madeline I. MacIntyre, Conrad Perry, Georgia Clift, Sonja Pedell & Jordy Kaufman - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  • Innateness and (Bayesian) Visual Perception.Brian J. Scholl - 2005 - In Peter Carruthers (ed.), The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents. New York: Oxford University Press New York. pp. 34.
    This chapter explores a way in which visual processing may involve innate constraints and attempts to show how such processing overcomes one enduring challenge to nativism. In particular, many challenges to nativist theories in other areas of cognitive psychology have focused on the later development of such abilities, and have argued that such development is in conflict with innate origins. Innateness, in these contexts, is seen as antidevelopmental, associated instead with static processes and principles. In contrast, certain perceptual models demonstrate (...)
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  • Sensitive Periods for Social Development: Interactions Between Predisposed and Learned Mechanisms.Orsola Rosa-Salva, Uwe Mayer, Elisabetta Versace, Marie Hébert, Bastien S. Lemaire & Giorgio Vallortigara - forthcoming - Cognition:104552.
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  • Suboptimal Exposure to Facial Expressions When Viewing Video Messages From a Small Screen: Effects on Emotion, Attention, and Memory.Niklas Ravaja, Kari Kallinen, Timo Saari & Liisa Keltikangas-Jarvinen - 2004 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 10 (2):120-131.
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  • Sources of Confusion in Infant Audiovisual Speech Perception Research.Kathleen E. Shaw & Heather Bortfeld - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • The Development of Attentional Biases for Faces in Infancy: A Developmental Systems Perspective.Greg D. Reynolds & Kelly C. Roth - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • The Efficiency of Infants' Exploratory Play Is Related to Longer-Term Cognitive Development.Paul Muentener, Elise Herrig & Laura Schulz - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • Visual Search of Mooney Faces.Jessica E. Goold & Ming Meng - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  • An Investigation of Attention to Faces and Eyes: Looking Time Is Task-Dependent in Autism Spectrum Disorder.Teresa Del Bianco, Noemi Mazzoni, Arianna Bentenuto & Paola Venuti - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • Implicit Perceptions of Closeness From the Direct Eye Gaze.Mengmeng Cui, Minghao Zhu, Xiaomin Lu & Lei Zhu - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • Spontaneous Preference for Visual Cues of Animacy in Naïve Domestic Chicks: The Case of Speed Changes.O. Rosa-Salva, M. Grassi, E. Lorenzi, L. Regolin & G. Vallortigara - 2016 - Cognition 157:49-60.
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  • The Nature of Music From a Biological Perspective.Isabelle Peretz - 2006 - Cognition 100 (1):1-32.
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  • Development of Infants’ Attention to Faces During the First Year.Michael C. Frank, Edward Vul & Scott P. Johnson - 2009 - Cognition 110 (2):160-170.
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  • From Faces to Hands: Changing Visual Input in the First Two Years.Caitlin M. Fausey, Swapnaa Jayaraman & Linda B. Smith - 2016 - Cognition 152:101-107.
    Human development takes place in a social context. Two pervasive sources of social information are faces and hands. Here, we provide the first report of the visual frequency of faces and hands in the everyday scenes available to infants. These scenes were collected by having infants wear head cameras during unconstrained everyday activities. Our corpus of 143 hours of infant-perspective scenes, collected from 34 infants aged 1 month to 2 years, was sampled for analysis at 1/5 Hz. The major finding (...)
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  • Refining and Expanding the Proposal of an Inherence Heuristic in Human Understanding.Andrei Cimpian & Erika Salomon - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (5):506-527.
    The inherence heuristic is a cognitive process that supplies quick and effortless explanations for a wide variety of observations. Due in part to biases in memory retrieval, this heuristic tends to overproduce explanations that appeal to the inherent features of the entities in the observations being explained. In this response, we use the commentators' input to clarify, refine, and expand the inherence heuristic model. The end result is a piece that complements the target article, amplifying its theoretical contribution.
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  • When Dyadic Interaction is the Context: Mimicry Behaviors on the Origin of Imitation.Ruth Campos & Carmen Nieto - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  • Preferential Awareness of Protofacial Stimuli in Autism.Hironori Akechi, Timo Stein, Yukiko Kikuchi, Yoshikuni Tojo, Hiroo Osanai & Toshikazu Hasegawa - 2015 - Cognition 143:129-134.
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  • Newborns' Preferential Tracking of Face-Like Stimuli and its Subsequent Decline.Mark H. Johnson, Suzanne Dziurawiec, Hadyn Ellis & John Morton - 1991 - Cognition 40 (1-2):1-19.
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  • Novelty Preference in Face Perception by Week-Old Lambs.Orsola Rosa Salva, Simona Normando, Antonio Mollo & Lucia Regolin - 2014 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 15 (1):113-128.
    An extensive literature has been accumulating, in recent years, on face-processing in sheep and on the relevance of faces for social interaction in this species. In spite of this, spontaneous preferences for face or non-face stimuli in lambs have not been reported. In this study we tested the spontaneous preference of 8-day-old lambs for three pairs of stimuli. In each pair, one stimulus was a face-like display, whereas the other presented the same inner features displaced in unnatural positions. One pair (...)
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  • The Representation of Agents in Auditory Verbal Hallucinations.Sam Wilkinson & Vaughan Bell - 2016 - Mind and Language 31 (1):104-126.
    Current models of auditory verbal hallucinations tend to focus on the mechanisms underlying their occurrence, but often fail to address the content of the auditory experience. In other words, they tend to ask why there are AVHs at all, instead of asking why, given that there are AVHs, they have the properties that they have. One such property, which has been largely overlooked and which we will focus on here, is why the voices are often experienced as coming from agents, (...)
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  • Merleau-Ponty on Shared Emotions and the Joint Ownership Thesis.Joel Krueger - 2013 - Continental Philosophy Review 46 (4):509-531.
    In “The Child’s Relations with Others,” Merleau-Ponty argues that certain early experiences are jointly owned in that they are numerically single experiences that are nevertheless given to more than one subject (e.g., the infant and caregiver). Call this the “joint ownership thesis” (JT). Drawing upon both Merleau-Ponty’s phenomenological analysis, as well as studies of exogenous attention and mutual affect regulation in developmental psychology, I motivate the plausibility of JT. I argue that the phenomenological structure of some early infant–caregiver dyadic exchanges (...)
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  • Précis of Neuroconstructivism: How the Brain Constructs Cognition.Sylvain Sirois, Michael Spratling, Michael S. C. Thomas, Gert Westermann, Denis Mareschal & Mark H. Johnson - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (3):321-331.
    Neuroconstructivism: How the Brain Constructs Cognition proposes a unifying framework for the study of cognitive development that brings together (1) constructivism (which views development as the progressive elaboration of increasingly complex structures), (2) cognitive neuroscience (which aims to understand the neural mechanisms underlying behavior), and (3) computational modeling (which proposes formal and explicit specifications of information processing). The guiding principle of our approach is context dependence, within and (in contrast to Marr [1982]) between levels of organization. We propose that three (...)
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  • Rethinking the Ontogeny of Mindreading.Maurizio Tirassa, Francesca M. Bosco & Livia Colle - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):197-217.
    We propose a mentalistic and nativist view of human early mental and social life and of the ontogeny of mindreading. We define the mental state of sharedness as the primitive, one-sided capability to take one's own mental states as mutually known to an i nteractant. We argue that this capability is an innate feature of the human mind, which the child uses to make a subjective sense of the world and of her actions. We argue that the child takes all (...)
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  • The Content and Acquisition of Lexical Concepts.Richard Horsey - 2006
    This thesis aims to develop a psychologically plausible account of concepts by integrating key insights from philosophy (on the metaphysical basis for concept possession) and psychology (on the mechanisms underlying concept acquisition). I adopt an approach known as informational atomism, developed by Jerry Fodor. Informational atomism is the conjunction of two theses: (i) informational semantics, according to which conceptual content is constituted exhaustively by nomological mind–world relations; and (ii) conceptual atomism, according to which (lexical) concepts have no internal structure. I (...)
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  • Studying Development in the 21st Century.Michael S. C. Thomas, Gert Westermann, Denis Mareschal, Mark H. Johnson, Sylvain Sirois & Michael Spratling - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (3):345-356.
    In this response, we consider four main issues arising from the commentaries to the target article. These include further details of the theory of interactive specialization, the relationship between neuroconstructivism and selectionism, the implications of neuroconstructivism for the notion of representation, and the role of genetics in theories of development. We conclude by stressing the importance of multidisciplinary approaches in the future study of cognitive development and by identifying the directions in which neuroconstructivism can expand in the Twenty-first Century.
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  • Sharedness and Privateness in Human Early Social Life.Maurizio Tirassa, Francesca M. Bosco & Livia Colle - 2006 - Tirassa, Maurizio and Bosco, Francesca M. And Colle, Livia (2006) Sharedness and Privateness in Human Early Social Life. [Journal (Paginated)].
    This research is concerned with the innate predispositions underlying human intentional communication. Human communication is currently defined as a circular and overt attempt to modify a partner's mental states. This requires each party involved to posse ss the ability to represent and understand the other's mental states, a capability which is commonly referred to as mindreading, or theory of mind (ToM). The relevant experimental literature agrees that no such capability is to be found in the human speci es at least (...)
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  • Modularity in Cognition: Framing the Debate.H. Clark Barrett & Robert Kurzban - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (3):628-647.
    Modularity has been the subject of intense debate in the cognitive sciences for more than 2 decades. In some cases, misunderstandings have impeded conceptual progress. Here the authors identify arguments about modularity that either have been abandoned or were never held by proponents of modular views of the mind. The authors review arguments that purport to undermine modularity, with particular attention on cognitive architecture, development, genetics, and evolution. The authors propose that modularity, cleanly defined, provides a useful framework for directing (...)
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  • Representational Development Need Not Be Explicable-by-Content.Nicholas Shea - 2016 - In Vincent Müller (ed.), Fundamental Issues of Artificial Intelligence. Springer: Sythese Library.
    Fodor’s radical concept nativism flowed from his view that hypothesis testing is the only route to concept acquisition. Many have successfully objected to the overly-narrow restriction to learning by hypothesis testing. Existing representations can be connected to a new representational vehicle so as to constitute a sustaining mechanism for a new representation, without the new representation thereby being constituted by or structured out of the old. This paper argues that there is also a deeper objection. Connectionism shows that a more (...)
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  • Self-Conscious Roots of Human Normativity.Philippe Rochat - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (4):741-753.
    What are the roots of human normativity and when do children begin to behave according to standards and norms? Empirical observations demonstrate that we are born with built-in orientation toward what is predictable and of the same - henceforth what deviates from it -, what is the norm or the standard in the generic sense of the word. However, what develop in humans is self-consciousness, transforming norms from “should” to “ought” and making human normativity profoundly different from any other forms (...)
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  • Infants Selectively Encode the Goal Object of an Actor's Reach.A. Woodward - 1998 - Cognition 69 (1):1-34.
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  • Why Neuroscience Matters to Cognitive Neuropsychology.Victoria McGeer - 2007 - Synthese 159 (3):347 - 371.
    The broad issue in this paper is the relationship between cognitive psychology and neuroscience. That issue arises particularly sharply for cognitive neurospsychology, some of whose practitioners claim a methodological autonomy for their discipline. They hold that behavioural data from neuropsychological impairments are sufficient to justify assumptions about the underlying modular structure of human cognitive architecture, as well as to make inferences about its various components. But this claim to methodological autonomy can be challenged on both philosophical and empirical grounds. A (...)
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  • Psychobiological Attachment Theory and Psychopathology.Gary W. Kraemer - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):525-541.
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  • Emotions of Human Infants and Mothers and Development of the Brain.Colwyn Trevarthen - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):524-525.
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  • A Psychopharmacologist's View of Attachment.Torgny H. Svensson - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):524-524.
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  • The Interface Between the Psychobiological and Cognitive Models of Attachment.Marian Sigman & Daniel J. Siegel - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):523-523.
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  • Behavioural, Aminergic and Neural Systems in Attachment.Eric A. Salzen - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):522-523.
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  • Attachment: A View From Evolutionary Biology and Behavior Genetics.Daniel Pérusse - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):521-522.
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  • A New Psychobiological Theory of Attachment: Primum Non Nocere.Charles B. Nemeroff & Sherryl H. Goodman - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):520-521.
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  • Does Function Imply Structure?William A. Mason - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):519-520.
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  • Attachment and the Sources of Behavioral Pathology.Joseph K. Kovach - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):518-519.
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  • The Meanings of Attachment.Jerome Kagan - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):517-518.
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  • Attachment: How Early, How Far?Bob Jacobs & Michael J. Raleigh - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):517-517.
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  • Oxytocin and the Neurobiology of Attachment.Thomas R. Insel - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):515-516.
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  • The Many Levels of Attachment.Daniel G. Freedman - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):515-515.
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