Study on the Feasibility of Chickpea Cultivation in Ampara Area in Sri Lanka

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Abstract: Chickpea is one of the main food crops in East Asia. As it contains high nutritional value, it has high demand in the world food market. Even though chickpea is mainly cultivated in India and China, Sri Lankan farmers did not trend to cultivate this crop. Therefore considerable amount of foreign exchange spent on import. This study will contribute to the country development in future. A study was conducted to study the feasibility of Chickpea cultivation in Ampara area. The research was done at Hardy ATI Farm, Ampara from 2nd December, 2015 to May, 2016. The land initially prepared and uniformly sized as 120 cm X 300 cm by having three replicates with the total of twelve beds which were used for testing plots. Three beds were used for establishing plants with (30 X 45) cm spacing recommended by the Department of Agriculture, India. Other 9 beds were planted with (25 x 40) cm, (35 X 50) cm, (35 X 40) cm. All the beds were provided with the same management practices such as seed planting, irrigation, weeding, pest & disease control and fertilizer applications. Germination time period (days), Germination percentage (%), plant heights (cm), Number of flowers were obtained for analysis. Complete Randomized Block Design (CRBD) was used with the Minitab database software. From the study it was identified that Chickpea plants performed significantly (p-0.05) well under Ampara climatic condition up to flowering stage when a spacing of (50 X 35) cm was used where germination percentage of 48.00±6.85 %, maximum plant height of 51.8 cm, highest no of flowers at 20th week with flower count of 29. Further this study could be repeated in alternative climatic regions for the best performances and profitability of Chickpea cultivation and to check yield analysis.
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First archival date: 2020-07-16
Latest version: 2 (2020-07-16)
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