Naturalism, Realism, and the Neuroscience of Death Experience

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Medical neuroscience researchers conducted a multicenter observational study with structured interviews of cardiac arrest patients revived by CPR. The study says the following: the patients exhibited no clinically detectable consciousness during cardiac arrest, while previous research indicates that brain activity completely ceases with 20-30 seconds of cardiac arrest; 39% of the interviewed patients reported detailed memories from their cardiac arrest; 6% of the interviewed patients reported detailed memories that also cohere with a near-death experience defined by Greyson. The researchers propose that the memories are not illusory, while other neuroscientists propose that the types of memories are illusory and the respective experiences occurred before or after the temporary cessation of brain activity. I examine the study in the context of liberal naturalism and metaphysical realism.
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