Die innere Dynamik von selbst- und umweltbezogenen Tugenden im tugendhaften Akteur. Systematische Überlegungen im Ausgang von Erich Fromm

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The inner structure of eudaimonistic virtue ethics has standardly been charged with egoism and anthropocentrism, which also seems to endanger the project of an environmental virtue ethics. Proceeding from the virtue ethics of Erich Fromm, the present article tries to develop a new perspective on these standard accusations by discussing the theoretical implications of the recognition of biophilia – the love of life – as a human virtue in the Frommian approach. The initially exegetically oriented discussion of the internal relation of humanistic and biophilic ethics in Erich Fromm’s work eventually leads to a more systematically oriented discussion of the inner dynamic of self- and environment-related virtues in the virtuous agent. In the course of this discussion, it will become clear that the self-related striving to attain eudaimonia and the environment-related striving to promote the object of one’s own love can get into a conflict with one another. This conflict, however, does not lead to the self-effacement of virtue ethics but unfolds a productive dynamic in the virtuous agent. In this way, the classical juxtaposition of anthropocentrism and biocentrism within ethics can be avoided.
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Archival date: 2022-05-12
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