The Relationship between Psychological Capital and Job Absorption among Employees in Palestinian Universities

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Abstract: The study aimed to identify the relationship between psychological capital and occupational absorption among administrative employees in Palestinian universities, and to achieve the objectives of the study, a descriptive and analytical approach was used, and the study population consisted of all administrative employees in Palestinian universities: the Islamic University, Al-Azhar University, Palestine University, Al-Quds Open University and the adult They numbered (1104) male and female employees, and a proportional stratified sample of (320) male and female employees was chosen, where the study tools were applied to them, represented by the psychological capital questionnaire and the job link questionnaire, and of them (294) male and female employees responded with a response rate of (91.90%). The study reached several results, the most important of which was that the level of psychological capital is high in Palestinian universities, where the relative weight reached (80.23%), and the field of optimism came first with a relative weight (82.05%), then the field of self-efficacy with a relative weight (80.75%), then the field of optimism. Hope with a relative weight (79.75%), and finally the field of flexibility came with a relative weight (78.37%). The results also showed that the level of employee turnover among the administrative employees in Palestinian universities in employees was high and reached (82.16%), and the results showed that there are no differences between responses. The respondents on psychological capital were attributed to the variable of gender and years of service, while differences appeared due to the variable of age in favor of the group (more than 50 years, and 31 to 40 years), differences in favor of bachelor's and graduate studies at the expense of the diploma, and differences attributed to the variable of work in favor of the academic in an administrative position. In light of the results of the study, the researchers recommend that the employee be given tasks and responsibilities that enhance his tendencies and positive outlook on the nature of his work, and provide a work environment that supports creativity and has the necessary vitality and interest in building human relationships.
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Archival date: 2020-12-02
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