Cross-Cultural Universality of Knowledge Attributions

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We selected three effects of knowledge attribution recently reported about Anglo-American participants, i.e., (1) ceteris paribus people are less willing to ascribe knowledge for true beliefs based on probabilistic evidence than for true beliefs based on perceptual evidence; (2) ceteris paribus people are more willing to attribute knowledge to a protagonist when she engages in harmful activities than when she engages in beneficent activities even in Gettierized scenarios; (3) in certain cases, people are willing to attribute knowledge to a protagonist while denying her the corresponding belief. We translated the vignettes used in these existing studies into Chinese and Korean and then ran the studies with participants in China and South Korea. Strikingly, all three of the effects that had been found with Anglo-American participants also emerged with participants from these other cultures. We conclude with a discussion on the theoretical implications of the rather extraordinary cross-cultural universality in people's epistemic intuitions.
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First archival date: 2016-07-29
Latest version: 3 (2019-09-22)
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Elusive Knowledge.Lewis, David K.

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