Switch to: Citations

References in:

Hume on External Existence: A Sceptical Predicament

Dissertation, University of Sydney (2018)

Add references

You must login to add references.
  1. The Inquiry in Hume’s Treatise.Janel Broughton - 2004 - Philosophical Review 113 (4):537 - 556.
    In the Introduction to A Treatise of Human Nature, Hume says he will make a careful empirical study of the human mind and produce a “science of man.” This will provide us with knowledge of the principles of human nature, and these principles will explain “our reasoning faculty, and the nature of our ideas,” “our tastes and sentiments,” and the union of “men … in society”. This seems to be a wholly constructive philosophical ambition, and yet Hume also claims to (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  • Hume.Don Garrett - 2014 - Routledge.
    Beginning with an overview of Hume's life and work, Don Garrett introduces in clear and accessible style the central aspects of Hume's thought. These include Hume's lifelong exploration of the human mind; his theories of inductive inference and causation; skepticism and personal identity; moral and political philosophy; aesthetics; and philosophy of religion. The final chapter considers the influence and legacy of Hume's thought today. Throughout, Garrett draws on and explains many of Hume's central works, including his Treatise of Human Nature (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  • David Hume's Theory of Mind.Daniel E. Flage - 1990 - Routledge.
    INTRODUCTION Anyone who reads David Hume's Treatise of Human Nature cannot but be struck by the diversity of philosophical issues Hume addresses, ...
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  • Meditations on First Philosophy.René Descartes - 1641/1984 - Caravan Books.
    I have always considered that the two questions respecting God and the Soul were the chief of those that ought to be demonstrated by philosophical rather than ...
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   362 citations  
  • Ideas, Evidence, and Method: Hume's Skepticism and Naturalism Concerning Knowledge and Causation.Graciela De Pierris - 2015 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Graciela De Pierris presents a novel interpretation of the relationship between skepticism and naturalism in Hume's epistemology, and a new appraisal of Hume's place within early modern thought. Contrary to dominant readings, she argues that Hume does offer skeptical arguments concerning causation and induction in Book I, Part III of the Treatise, and presents a detailed reading of the skeptical argument she finds there and how this argument initiates a train of skeptical reasoning that begins in Part III and culminates (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  • Extreme Skepticism and Commitment in the Treatise.Karánn Durland - 2011 - Hume Studies 37 (1):65-98.
    The extreme skepticism that Hume’s dangerous dilemma introduces at the end of the first Book of the Treatise is deeply unsettling, in part because it seems to undermine Hume’s commitments to common life and philosophy, but also because Hume seems not to take its sweeping doubts seriously. He refuses to abandon his daily activities and philosophical pursuits, and he offers no clear account of what entitles him to sustain them. This paper explores a variety of tactics for addressing these opposing (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  • The Significance of Philosophical Scepticism.Barry Stroud - 1984 - Oxford University Press.
    This book raises questions about the nature of philosophy by examining the source and significance of one central philosophical problem: how can we know anything about the world around us? Stroud discusses and criticizes the views of such philosophers as Descartes, Kant, J.L. Austin, G.E. Moore, R. Carnap, W.V. Quine, and others.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   237 citations  
  • Early Modern Experimental Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey & Alberto Vanzo - 2016 - In Justin Sytsma & Wesley Buckwalter (eds.), A Companion to Experimental Philosophy. Blackwell. pp. 87-102.
    In the mid-seventeenth century a movement of self-styled experimental philosophers emerged in Britain. Originating in the discipline of natural philosophy amongst Fellows of the fledgling Royal Society of London, it soon spread to medicine and by the eighteenth century had impacted moral and political philosophy and even aesthetics. Early modern experimental philosophers gave epistemic priority to observation and experiment over theorising and speculation. They decried the use of hypotheses and system-building without recourse to experiment and, in some quarters, developed a (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  • Unnatural Doubts: Epistemological Realism and the Basis of Skepticism by Michael Williams. [REVIEW]Marie McGinn - 1993 - Journal of Philosophy 90 (4):211-215.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  • Hume’s Naturalism About Cognitive Norms.Janet Broughton - 2003 - Philosophical Topics 31 (1/2):1-19.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Hume’s Scepticism.Barry Stroud - 1991 - Philosophical Topics 19 (1):271-291.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  • Hume’s Scepticism: Natural Instincts and Philosophical Reflection.Barry Stroud - 1991 - Philosophical Topics 19 (1):271-291.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  • Stability, Justification, and Hume’s Propensity to Ascribe Identity to Related Objects.Louis E. Loeb - 1991 - Philosophical Topics 19 (1):237-270.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  • Stability and Justification in Hume’s Treatise.Louis Loeb - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72 (1):233-235.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   37 citations  
  • Humes Old and New: Four Fashionable Falsehoods, and One Unfashionable Truth.Peter Millican - 2007 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81 (1):163-199.
    Hume has traditionally been understood as an inductive sceptic with positivist tendencies, reducing causation to regular succession and anticipating the modern distinctions between analytic and synthetic, deduction and induction. The dominant fashion in recent Hume scholarship is to reject all this, replacing the ‘Old Hume’ with various New alternatives. Here I aim to counter four of these revisionist readings, presenting instead a broadly traditional interpretation but with important nuances, based especially on Hume’s later works. He asked that we should treat (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  • An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding.Tom L. Beauchamp (ed.) - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
    Tom Beauchamp presents a new edition, designed especially for the student reader, of An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding, the classic work in which David Hume gave a general exposition of his philosophy to a broad educated readership. An authoritative new version of the text is preceded by a substantial introduction explaining the historical and intellectual background to the work and surveying its main themes. The volume also includes detailed explanatory notes on the text, a glossary of terms, and a section (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   36 citations  
  • Natural Instinct, Perceptual Relativity, and Belief in the External World in Hume’s Enquiry.Annemarie Butler - 2008 - Hume Studies 34 (1):115-158.
    In part 1 of Enquiry 12, Hume presents a skeptical argument against belief in external existence. The argument involves a perceptual relativity argument that seems to conclude straightaway the double existence of objects and perceptions, where objects cause and resemble perceptions. In Treatise 1.4.2, Hume claimed that the belief in double existence arises from imaginative invention, not reasoning about perceptual relativity. I dissolve this tension by distinguishing the effects of natural instinct and showing that some ofthese effects supplement the Enquiry’s (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • Hume's Enlightenment Tract: The Unity and Purpose of an Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding.Stephen Buckle - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    Hume's Enlightenment Tract is the first full study for forty years of David Hume's Enquiry concerning Human Understanding. The Enquiry has, contrary to its author's expressed wishes, long lived in the shadow of its predecessor, A Treatise of Human Nature. Stephen Buckle presents the Enquiry in a fresh light, and aims to raise it to its rightful position in Hume's work and in the history of philosophy.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  • The Concept of Body in Hume’s Treatise.Miren Boehm - 2013 - ProtoSociology:206-220.
    Hume’s views concerning the existence of body or external objects are notoriously difficult and intractable. The paper sheds light on the concept of body in Hume’s Treatise by defending three theses. First, that Hume’s fundamental tenet that the only objects that are present to the mind are perceptions must be understood as methodological, rather than metaphysical or epistemological. Second, that Hume considers legitimate the fundamental assumption of natural philosophy that through experience and observation we know body. Third, that many of (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Hume’s Two Definitions.Helen Beebee - 2011 - Hume Studies 37 (2):243-274.
    Hume's two definitions of causation have caused an extraordinary amount of controversy. The starting point for the controversy is the fact, well known to most philosophy undergraduates, that the two definitions aren't even extensionally equivalent, let alone semantically equivalent. So how can they both be definitions? One response to this problem has been to argue that Hume intends only the first as a genuine definition—an interpretation that delivers a straightforward regularity interpretation of Hume on causation. By many commentators' lights, however, (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  • Hume on the Mezzanine Level.Simon Blackburn - 1993 - Hume Studies 19 (2):273-288.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  • Locke, Berkeley, Hume; Central Themes.Jonathan Bennett - 1971 - Oxford University Press UK.
    The thoughts of three philosophers on three topics: meaning, causality, and objectivity, are the focus of this study.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   115 citations  
  • Hume on Causation.Helen Beebee - 2006 - Routledge.
    Hume is traditionally credited with inventing the ‘regularity theory’ of causation, according to which the causal relation between two events consists merely in the fact that events of the first kind are always followed by events of the second kind. Hume is also traditionally credited with two other, hugely influential positions: the view that the world appears to us as a world of unconnected events, and inductive scepticism: the view that the ‘problem of induction’, the problem of providing a justification (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  • An Essay on the Nature and Immutability of Truth in Opposition to Sophistry and Scepticism.James Beattie, Thomas Cadell, William Creech & Charles Dilly - 1777 - Printed for William Creech, Edinburgh; and for E. & C. Dilly, and T. Cadell, London.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  • Hume's True Scepticism.Donald C. Ainslie - 2015 - Oxford University Press UK.
    David Hume is famous as a sceptical philosopher but the nature of his scepticism is difficult to pin down. Hume's True Scepticism provides the first sustained interpretation of Part 4 of Book 1 of Hume's Treatise: his deepest engagement with sceptical arguments, in which he notes that, while reason shows that we ought not to believe the verdicts of reason or the senses, we do so nonetheless. Donald C. Ainslie addresses Hume's theory of representation; his criticisms of Locke, Descartes, and (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  • Does Hume Hold a Dispositional Account of Belief?Jennifer Smalligan Marušić - 2010 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 40 (2):155-183.
    Philosophical theories about the nature of belief can be roughly classified into two groups: those that treat beliefs as occurrent mental states or episodes and those that treat beliefs as dispositions. David Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature seems to contain a classic example of an occurrence theory of belief as he defines 'belief' as 'a lively idea related to or associated with a present impression' (Treatise 1.3.7.5 96). This definition suggests that believing is an occurrent mental state, such as (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  • Hume's Scepticism and Realism.Jani Hakkarainen - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (2):283-309.
    In this article, a novel interpretation of one of the problems of Hume scholarship is defended: his view of Metaphysical Realism or the belief in an external world (that there are ontologically and causally perception-independent, absolutely external and continued, i.e. Real entities). According to this interpretation, Hume's attitude in the domain of philosophy should be distinguished from his view in the domain of everyday life: Hume the philosopher suspends his judgement on Realism, whereas Hume the common man firmly believes in (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  • What is Worth Preserving in the Kemp Smith Interpretation of Hume?Louis E. Loeb - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (4):769-797.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • The Life of David Hume.Ernest C. Mossner - 1954 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Mossner's Life of David Hume remains the standard biography of this great thinker and writer. First published in 1954, and updated in 1980, it is now reissued in paperback in response to increased interest in Hume. E. C. Mossner was Emeritus Professor of English at the University of Texas at Austin. 'Mossner's work is a quite remarkable scholarly achievement; it will be an indispensable tool for Hume scholars and a treasure-trove of information for all students of the intellectual and literary (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  • Hume's System: An Examination of the First Book of His Treatise.David Pears - 1990 - Oxford University Press.
    In this compelling analysis David Pears examines the foundations of Hume's theory of the mind as presented in the first book of the Treatise. Past studies have tended to take one of two extreme views: that Hume relies exclusively on a theory of meaning, or that he relies exclusively on a theory of truth and evidence. Steering a middle course between these positions, Pears argues that Hume's theory of ideas serves both functions. He examines in detail its application to three (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  • Hume's Theory of the External World.Ralph W. Church - 1943 - Philosophical Review 52 (3):317.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  • Hume on Mental Transparency.Hsueh Qu - 2017 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 98 (4):576-601.
    This article investigates Hume's account of mental transparency. In this article, I will endorse Qualitative Transparency – that is, the thesis that we cannot fail to apprehend the qualitative characters of our current perceptions, and these apprehensions cannot fail to be veridical – on the basis that, unlike its competitors, it is both weak enough to accommodate the introspective mistakes that Hume recognises, and yet strong enough to make sense of his positive employments of mental transparency. Moreover, Qualitative Transparency is (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • Humes Reason.David Owen - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
    This book explores Hume's account of reason and its role in human understanding, seen in the context of other notable accounts by philosophers of the early modern period. David Owen offers new interpretations of many of Hume's most famous arguments about induction, belief, scepticism, the passions, and moral distinctions.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   55 citations  
  • Hume's Epistemology in the Treatise: A Veritistic Interpretation.Frederick F. Schmitt - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    Frederick F. Schmitt offers a new account of Hume's epistemology in A Treatise of Human Nature, which alternately manifests scepticism, empiricism, and naturalism. Critics have emphasised one of these positions over the others, but Schmitt argues that they can be reconciled by tracing them to an underlying epistemology of knowledge and probability.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  • The Secret Connexion: Causation, Realism, and David Hume.Galen Strawson - 1989 - Oxford University Press.
    It is widely supposed that David Hume invented and espoused the "regularity" theory of causation, holding that causal relations are nothing but a matter of one type of thing being regularly followed by another. It is also widely supposed that he was not only right about this, but that it was one of his greatest contributions to philosophy. Strawson here argues that the regularity theory of causation is indefensible, and that Hume never adopted it in any case. Strawson maintains that (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   85 citations  
  • Perceptions and Objects: Hume's Radical Empiricism.Yumiko Inukai - 2011 - Hume Studies 37 (2):189-210.
    In Book One of the Treatise of Human Nature, Hume seems to acknowledge the existence of both internal and external worlds, in which perceptions, objects, and bodies, exist. In particular, Hume seems directly to affirm the existence of extra-mental bodies, when he says at the beginning of the section "Of scepticism with regard to the senses," "We may well ask, What causes induce us to believe in theexistence of body? but 'tis in vain to ask, whether there be body or (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  • Locke, Berkeley, Hume: Central Themes.Charles E. Marks - 1974 - Philosophical Review 83 (1):126.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   102 citations  
  • Hume's System: An Examination of the First Book of His Treatise.Annette C. Baier - 1994 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (2):475-479.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  • Hume's Enlightenment Tract: The Unity and Purpose of An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding.Heiner F. Klemme - 2003 - Erkenntnis 58 (1):126-129.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  • Hume's Intentions.Kingsley Price - 1954 - Philosophical Review 63 (1):113.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  • A Progress of Sentiments. Reflections on Hume's Treatise.[author unknown] - 1993 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 55 (2):369-369.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  • A Progress of Sentiments: Reflections on Hume's Treatise.[author unknown] - 1993 - Ethics 103 (3):540-550.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   43 citations  
  • Hume’s Extreme Skepticism in Treatise I IV 7.Ira Singer - 1995 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):595-622.
    This paper explores two aspects of Hume's skeptical crisis in the conclusion to _Treatise<D> Book I: his involved personal experience of the crisis, and his detached naturalistic reflection on it. I discuss several distinct states of mind reported in the text, ranging from extreme skepticism that rejects all belief, to natural dogmatism that rejects all reflection, to mitigated skepticism that tries to reconcile reflection and belief. I argue against interpretations according to which Hume's skepticism supports his naturalism, and I suggest (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  • Hume’s Academic Scepticism: A Reappraisal of His Philosophy of Human Understanding.John P. Wright - 1986 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 16 (3):407-435.
    A philosopher once wrote the following words:If I examine the PTOLOMAIC and COPERNICAN systems, I endeavour only, by my enquiries, to know the real situation of the planets; that is, in other words, I endeavour to give them, in my conception, the same relations, that they bear towards each other in the heavens. To this operation of the mind, therefore, there seems to be always a real, though often an unknown standard, in the nature of things; nor is truth or (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  • The Problems of Philosophy.Bertrand Russell - 1912 - Barnes & Noble.
    Immensely intelligible, thought-provoking guide by Nobel prize-winner considers such topics as the distinction between appearance and reality, the existence and nature of matter, idealism, inductive logic, intuitive knowledge, many other subjects. For students and general readers, there is no finer introduction to philosophy than this informative, affordable and highly readable edition that is "concise, free from technical terms, and perfectly clear to the general reader with no prior knowledge of the subject."—The Booklist of the American Library Association.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   348 citations  
  • Hume's Difficulty: Time and Identity in the Treatise.Donald L. M. Baxter - 2008 - New York: Routledge.
    In this volume--the first, focused study of Hume on time and identity--Baxter focuses on Hume’s treatment of the concept of numerical identity, which is central to Hume's famous discussions of the external world and personal identity. Hume raises a long unappreciated, and still unresolved, difficulty with the concept of identity: how to represent something as "a medium betwixt unity and number." Superficial resemblance to Frege’s famous puzzle has kept the difficulty in the shadows. Hume’s way of addressing it makes sense (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  • Replies to Perry, Falkenstein, and Garrett.Donald L. M. Baxter - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 146 (3):445-455.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  • Hume Difficulty: Time and Identity in the Treatise.Donald L. M. Baxter - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 146 (3):435-443.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  • Hume’s Practically Epistemic Conclusions?Hsueh Qu - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 170 (3):501-524.
    The inoffensive title of Section 1.4.7 of Hume’s Treatise of Human Nature, ‘Conclusion of this Book’, belies the convoluted treatment of scepticism contained within. It is notoriously difficult to decipher Hume’s considered response to scepticism in this section, or whether he even has one. In recent years, however, one line of interpretation has gained popularity in the literature. The ‘usefulness and agreeableness reading’ (henceforth U&A) interprets Hume as arguing in THN 1.4.7 that our beliefs and/or epistemic policies are justified via (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  • The Works of George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne.George Berkeley, T. E. Jessop & A. A. Luce - 1843 - Kraus Reprint.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations