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Wittgenstein's Anti-scientistic Worldview

In Jonathan Beale & Ian James Kidd (eds.), Wittgenstein and Scientism. London: Routledge. pp. 59-80 (2017)

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  1. The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy.Edward Craig & Simon Blackburn - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (2):250.
    Within a year of each other, three one-volume general dictionaries of philosophy have recently appeared; when our future colleagues in philosophy look back on the 1990s they may well think of it as the decade of reference works. But however productive these years may prove to be in this genre, clearly visible somewhere around the top of the heap will be this handy, useful, entertaining, and instructive contribution from Simon Blackburn. Its two immediate competitors are the Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, (...)
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  • Wittgenstein: The Way Out of the Fly Bottle.Severin Schroeder - unknown
    This book offers a lucid and highly readable account of Wittgenstein's philosophy, framed against the background of his extraordinary life and character. Woven together with a biographical narrative, the chapters explain the key ideas of Wittgenstein's work, from his first book, the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, to his mature masterpiece, the Philosophical Investigations. Severin Schroeder shows that at the core of Wittgenstein's later work lies a startlingly original and subversive conception of the nature of philosophy. In accordance with this conception, Wittgenstein offers (...)
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  • The Spiritual Dimension: Religion, Philosophy and Human Value.John Cottingham - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Spiritual Dimension offers a new model for the philosophy of religion, bringing together emotional and intellectual aspects of our human experience, and embracing practical as well as theoretical concerns. It shows how a religious worldview is best understood not as an isolated set of doctrines, but as intimately related to spiritual praxis and to the search for self-understanding and moral growth. It argues that the religious quest requires a certain emotional openness, but can be pursued without sacrificing our philosophical (...)
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  • The Spiritual Dimension: Religion, Philosophy and Human Value.John Cottingham - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Spiritual Dimension offers a new model for the philosophy of religion, bringing together emotional and intellectual aspects of our human experience, and embracing practical as well as theoretical concerns. It shows how a religious worldview is best understood not as an isolated set of doctrines, but as intimately related to spiritual praxis and to the search for self-understanding and moral growth. It argues that the religious quest requires a certain emotional openness, but can be pursued without sacrificing our philosophical (...)
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  • Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience.M. Bennett & P. M. S. Hacker - 2003 - Philosophy 79 (307):141-146.
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  • The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy.Simon Blackburn - 1994 - Oxford ;Oxford University Press.
    Comprehensive and authoritative the Dictionary of Philosophy contains over 2,500 entries, including biographies of nearly 500 influential philosophers. The dictionary provides wide-ranging and lively coverage of not only Western philosophical traditions, but also themes from Chinese, Indian, Islamic, and Jewish philosophy. This clear and easy to use reference also contains in-depth analysis of philosophical terms and concepts, and a chronology of philosophical events stretching from 10,000 BC to the present day.
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  • Wittgenstein on Understanding.Warren Goldfarb - 1992 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 17 (1):109-122.
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  • ‘Too Ridiculous for Words’: Wittgenstein on Scientific Aesthetics.Severin Schroeder - unknown
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  • Wittgenstein.William Child - 2002 - Routledge.
    Life and works -- The Tractatus, language and logic -- The Tractatus, reality and the limits of language -- From the Tractatus to philosophical investigations -- Intentionality and rule-following -- Mind and psychology -- Knowledge and certainty -- Religion and anthropology -- Legacy and influence.
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  • Wittgenstein and Scientism.Jonathan Beale & Ian James Kidd (eds.) - 2014 - London: Routledge.
    Wittgenstein criticised prevailing attitudes toward the sciences. The target of his criticisms was ‘scientism’: what he described as ‘the overestimation of science’. This collection is the first study of Wittgenstein’s anti-scientism - a theme in his work that is clearly central to his thought yet strikingly neglected by the existing literature. The book explores the philosophical basis of Wittgenstein’s anti-scientism; how this anti-scientism helps us understand Wittgenstein’s philosophical aims; and how this underlies his later conception of philosophy and the kind (...)
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  • Oswald Spengler, Technology, and Human Nature.Ian James Kidd - 2012 - The European Legacy 17 (1):19 - 31.
    Oswald Spengler (1880?1936) is a neglected figure in the history of European philosophical thought. This article examines the philosophical anthropology developed in his later work, particularly his Man and Technics: A Contribution to a Philosophy of Life (1931). My purpose is twofold: the first is to argue that Spengler's later thought is a response to criticisms of the ?pessimism? of his earlier work, The Decline of the West (1919). Man and Technics overcomes this charge by providing a novel philosophical anthropology (...)
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  • Hilary Putnam.Maximilian De Gaynesford - 2006 - Routledge.
    Putnam is one of the most influential philosophers of recent times, and his authority stretches far beyond the confines of the discipline. However, there is a considerable challenge in presenting his work both accurately and accessibly. This is due to the width and diversity of his published writings and to his frequent spells of radical re-thinking. But if we are to understand how and why philosophy is developing as it is, we need to attend to Putnam's whole career. He has (...)
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  • The Decline of the West: Form and Actuality.Oswald Spengler & Charles Francis Atkinson - 1926 - G. Allen & Unwin.
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  • Objective Knowledge, an Evolutionary Approach.Harry Ruja - 1973 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 34 (2):278-279.
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  • Scientism: Philosophy and the Infatuation with Science.Tom Sorell Ltd & Tom Sorell - 1991 - Routledge.
    First Published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  • Scientism: Philosophy and the Infatuation with Science.Tom Sorell Ltd & Tom Sorell - 1991 - Routledge.
    First Published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  • Wittgenstein: A Religious Point of View?Norman Malcolm - 1994 - Routledge.
    The book concludes with a critical discussion of Malcolm's essay by Peter Winch.
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  • The Nature and Origins of Scientism.John James Wellmuth - 1944 - Milwaukee, Marquette University Press.
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  • Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience.Max R. Bennett & P. M. S. Hacker - 2006 - Behavior and Philosophy 34:71-87.
    The book "Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience" is an engaging criticism of cognitive neuroscience from the perspective of a Wittgensteinian philosophy of ordinary language. The authors' main claim is that assertions like "the brain sees" and "the left hemisphere thinks" are integral to cognitive neuroscience but that they are meaningless because they commit the mereological fallacy—ascribing to parts of humans, properties that make sense to predicate only of whole humans. The authors claim that this fallacy is at the heart of Cartesian (...)
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  • Wittgenstein and Spengler.William James DeAngelis - 1994 - Dialogue 33 (1):41-.
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  • What is Scientism?Mikael Stenmark - 1997 - Religious Studies 33 (1):15-32.
    In this article I try to define more precisely what scientism is and how it is related to a traditional religion such as Christianity. By first examining the writing of a number of contemporary natural scientists (Francis Crick, Richard Dawkins, Stephen Hawking, Carl Sagan and Edward O. Wilson), I show that the concept can be given numerous different meanings. I propose and defend a distinction between epistemic, rationalistic, ontological, axiological and redemptive scientism and it is also explained why we should (...)
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  • Humane Philosophy and the Question of Progress.Ian James Kidd - 2012 - Ratio 25 (3):277-290.
    According to some recent critics, philosophy has not progressed over the course of its history because it has not exhibited any substantial increase in the stock of human wisdom. I reject this pessimistic conclusion by arguing that such criticisms employ a conception of progress drawn from the sciences which is inapplicable to a humanistic discipline such as philosophy. Philosophy should not be understood as the accumulation of epistemic goods in a manner analogous to the natural sciences. I argue that the (...)
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  • Wittgenstein, Mind, and Scientism.Warren Goldfarb - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (11):635-642.
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  • The Possibility of Authenticity: On Schönbaumsfeld's Wittgenstein.Jonathan Beale - 2011 - Ratio 24 (1):107-115.
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  • Lectures and Conversations on Aesthetics, Psychology and Religious Belief.Ludwig Wittgenstein & Cyril Barrett - 1968 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 26 (4):554-557.
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  • The Nature and Origins of Scientism.John Wellmuth - 1946 - Philosophical Review 55:203.
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  • Objective knowledge, an evolutionary approach.Karl R. Popper - 1976 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 166 (1):72-73.
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  • The Nature and Origins of Scientism.E. A. M. & John Wellmuth - 1945 - Journal of Philosophy 42 (10):277.
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  • Wittgenstein's Metaphilosophy.Paul Horwich - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Paul Horwich presents a bold new interpretation of Wittgenstein's later work. He argues that it is Wittgenstein's radically anti-theoretical metaphilosophy - and not his identification of the meaning of a word with its use - that underpins his discussions of specific issues concerning language, the mind, mathematics, knowledge, art, and religion.
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  • Hilary Putnam.Robert De Gaynesford - unknown
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  • Ludwig Wittgenstein. Personal Recollections.Rush Rhees - 1981 - Critica 13 (39):86-87.
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  • The Danger of Words.[author unknown] - 1976 - Mind 85 (339):470-473.
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  • The Blue and Brown Books: Preliminary Studies for the 'Philosophical Investigation'.Ludwig Wittgenstein & Peter Docherty - 1991 - Wiley-Blackwell.
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  • Wittgenstein in Exile.James C. Klagge - 2013 - MIT Press.
    Ludwig Wittgenstein's _Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus_ and _Philosophical Investigations_ are among the most influential philosophical books of the twentieth century, and also among the most perplexing. Wittgenstein warned again and again that he was not and would not be understood. Moreover, Wittgenstein's work seems to have little relevance to the way philosophy is done today. In _Wittgenstein in Exile_, James Klagge proposes a new way of looking at Wittgenstein -- as an exile -- that helps make sense of this. Wittgenstein's exile was (...)
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  • A Wittgenstein Dictionary.Hans-Johann Glock - 1996 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    This lucid and accessible dictionary presents technical terms that Wittgenstein introduced into philosophical debate or transformed substantially, and also topics to which he made a substantial contribution. Hans-Johann Glock places Wittgenstein's ideas in their relevance to current debates. The entries delineate Wittgenstein's lines of argument on particular issues, assessing their strengths and weaknesses, and shed light on fundamental exegetical controversies. The dictionary entries are prefaced by a 'Sketch of a Intellectual Biography', which links the basic themes of the early and (...)
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  • The Social Dimensions of Scientific Knowledge.Helen Longino - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  • Wittgenstein, Meaning and Understanding: Essays on the Philosophical Investigations.Gordon P. Baker - 1980 - University of Chicago Press.
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  • Scientism. Science, Ethics and Religion.Mikael Stenmark - 2001 - Ashgate.
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  • The Relevance of Wittgenstein's Philosophy of Psychology to The.P. M. S. Hacker - unknown
    Th e con fusion a nd b arren ness o f psycho logy is no t to be e xplain ed b y calling it a “yo ung science”; its state is not comparable with that of physics, for instance, in its beginnings. (Rather with that of certain branches of mathematics. Set theory.) For in psychology there are experimental methods and conceptual confusion. (As in the oth er case, con cep tual co nfusion and m ethod s of pro of.) (...)
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  • Wittgenstein in Relation to His Times.G. H. von Wright - 1982 - In Anthony Kenny & Brian McGuinness (eds.), Wittgenstein and His Times. University of Chicago Press.
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