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  1. Essentially Ordered Series Reconsidered.Gaven Kerr - 2012 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 86 (4):541-555.
    Herein I offer a model for understanding the traditional distinction between essentially and accidentally ordered causal series and their function in traditional proofs for the existence of God. I argue that, like the traditional proofs, my model of the causal series in question permits an infinite regress of the accidentally ordered series but not of the essentially ordered series. Furthermore, I argue that on the basis of this model one can avoid Edwards’s criticism that no matter how we conceive of (...)
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  • There Must Be A First: Why Thomas Aquinas Rejects Infinite, Essentially Ordered, Causal Series.Caleb Cohoe - 2013 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 21 (5):838 - 856.
    Several of Thomas Aquinas's proofs for the existence of God rely on the claim that causal series cannot proceed in infinitum. I argue that Aquinas has good reason to hold this claim given his conception of causation. Because he holds that effects are ontologically dependent on their causes, he holds that the relevant causal series are wholly derivative: the later members of such series serve as causes only insofar as they have been caused by and are effects of the earlier (...)
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  • Duns Scotus.Richard Cross - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
    The nature and content of the thought of Duns Scotus (c. 1266-1308) remains largely unknown except by the expert. This book provides an accessible account of Scotus' theology, focusing both on what is distinctive in his thought, and on issues where his insights might prove to be of perennial value.
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  • Avicenna.Jon McGinnis - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    This book is designed to remedy that lack.
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  • The Metaphysics of Theism: Aquinas’s Natural Theology in Summa Contra Gentiles I.Janine Marie Idziak - 1997 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 44 (3):187-189.
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  • Summa Theologica.Thomas Aquinas - 1274 - Hayes Barton Press.
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  • The Cosmological Argument.William L. Rowe & John J. Shepherd - 1975 - Religious Studies 13 (1):116-118.
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  • A Treatise on God as First Principle.Duns Scotus - unknown
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  • The Metaphysics of Theism: Aquinas’s Natural Theology in Summa Contra Gentiles I.Norman Kretzmann - 2001 - Clarendon Press.
    The Metaphysics of Theism is the definitive study of the natural theology of Thomas Aquinas, the greatest of medieval philosophers, written by one of the world's most eminent scholars of medieval thought. Natural theology is the investigation by analysis and rational argument of fundamental questions about reality, considered in relation to God. Professor Kretzmann shows the continuing value of Aquinas's doctrines to the philosophical enterprise today; he argues that natural theology offers the only route by which philosophers can, as philosophers, (...)
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  • Physics, Book VIII. Clarendon Aristotle Series. Aristotle - 1999
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  • The Metaphysics of Theism: Aquinas’s Natural Theology in Summa Contra Gentiles I.Norman Kretzmann - 1997 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 60 (3):598-600.
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  • The Cosmological Argument.William L. Rowe - 1975 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 39 (3):552-552.
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  • A Treatise on God as First Principle.John Duns Scotus - 1966 - [Chicago?]Forum Books.
    It was this kind of priority Aristotle had in mind in his proof that act is prior to potency in the ninth book of the Metaphysics where he calls act prior ...
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  • The Existence of God.Richard Swinburne - 1981 - Philosophical Quarterly 31 (122):85-88.
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  • Where Does Avicenna Demonstrate the Existence of God?Daniel D. De Haan - 2016 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 26 (1):97-128.
    This study examines a number of different answers to the question: wheredoes Avicenna demonstrate the existence of God within the Metaphysics of the Healing? Many interpreters have contended that there is an argument for God’s existence in Metaphysics of the Healing I.6–7. In this study I show that such views are incorrect and that the only argument for God’s existence in the Metaphysics of the Healing is found in VIII.1–3. My own interpretation relies upon a careful consideration of the scientific (...)
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  • Proofs for Eternity, Creation, and the Existence of God in Medieval Islamic and Jewish Philosophy.Herbert A. Davidson - 1987 - Oxford University Press.
    The central debate of natural theology among medieval Muslims and Jews concerned whether or not the world was eternal. Opinions divided sharply on this issue because the outcome bore directly on God's relationship with the world: eternity implies a deity bereft of will, while a world with a beginning leads to the contrasting picture of a deity possessed of will. In this exhaustive study of medieval Islamic and Jewish arguments for eternity, creation, and the existence of God, Herbert Davidson provides (...)
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  • Avicenna's Proof From Contingency for God's Existence in the Metaphysics of the Shifā'.Michael E. Marmura - 1980 - Mediaeval Studies 42 (1):337-352.
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  • Avicenna and the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Kara Richardson - 2014 - Review of Metaphysics 67 (4):743-768.
    The term “principle of sufficient reason” was coined by Leibniz, and he is often regarded as its paradigmatic proponent. But as Leibniz himself often insisted, he was by no means the first philosopher to appeal to the idea that everything must have a reason. Histories of the principle attribute versions of it to various ancient authors. A few of these studies include—or at least do not exclude—medieval philosophers; one finds the PSR in Abelard, another finds it in Aquinas. And while (...)
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  • Primary and Secondary Causality.Taylor Richard - unknown
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  • Proofs for Eternity, Creation and the Existence of God in Medieval Islamic and Jewish Philosophy.H. A. Davidson - 1990 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 52 (4):706-707.
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  • Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion and Other Writings.David Hume - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    David Hume's Dialogues concerning Natural Religion, first published in 1779, is one of the most influential works in the philosophy of religion and the most artful instance of philosophical dialogue since the dialogues of Plato. It presents a fictional conversation between a sceptic, an orthodox Christian, and a Newtonian theist concerning evidence for the existence of an intelligent cause of nature based on observable features of the world. This new edition presents it together with several of Hume's other, shorter writings (...)
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  • 1 Scotus on Metaphysics.Peter King - 2003 - In Thomas Williams (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Duns Scotus. Cambridge University Press. pp. 15.
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  • The Incoherence of the Incoherence. Averroes - unknown
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