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Method and Metaphor in Aristotle's Science of Nature

Dissertation, University of Western Ontario (2013)

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  1. Index Aristotelicus.Hermann Bonitz - 1955 - Walter de Gruyter.
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  • Self-Motion: From Aristotle to Newton.Mary Louise Gill & James G. Lennox (eds.) - 2017 - Princeton Legacy Library.
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  • Plato on God as Nous.Stephen P. Menn - 1995 - Southern Illinois University.
    This book is the first sustained modern investigation of Plato’s theology. A central thesis of the book is that Plato _had _a theology—not just a mythology for the ideal city, not just the theory of forms or the theory of cosmic souls, but also, irreducible to any of these, an account of God as _Nous _, the source of rational order both to souls and the world of bodies. The understanding of God as Reason, and of the world as governed (...)
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  • Aristotle and the Theology of the Living Immortals.Richard Bodeus - 2000 - State University of New York Press.
    Argues that Aristotle used the most traditional Greek ideas about the gods to develop and defend his physical, metaphysical, and ethical teachings.
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  • Aristotle's Metaphysics. Aristotle - 1925 - Clarendon Press.
    Joe Sachs has followed up his brilliant translation of Aristotle's Physics with a new translation of Metaphysics. Sachs's translations bring distinguished new light onto Aristotle's works, which are foundational to history of science. Sachs translates Aristotle with an authenticity that was lost when Aristotle was translated into Latin and abstract Latin words came to stand for concepts Aristotle expressed with phrases in everyday Greek language. When the works began being translated into English, those abstract Latin words or their cognates were (...)
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  • Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle’s Biology.Allan Gotthelf - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume draws together Allan Gotthelf's pioneering work on Aristotle's biology. He examines Aristotle's natural teleology, the axiomatic structure of biological explanation, and the reliance on scientifically organized data in the three great works with which Aristotle laid the foundations of biological science.
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  • Aristotle’s Physics: A Collection of Essays.Lindsay Judson (ed.) - 1991 - Clarendon Press.
    Aristotle's Physics is a work of extraordinary intellectual power which has had a profound influence on scientists and philosophers throughout the ages, and on the development of physics itself. This collection of major, previously unpublished, essays by leading Aristotelian scholars examines a wide range of major issues in the Physics and other related works. They offer fresh approaches to Aristotle's work and important new interpretations of his thought.
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  • The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle.Christopher Shields (ed.) - 2012 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle reflects the lively international character of Aristotelian studies, drawing contributors from the United Kingdom, the United States, Germany, France, Switzerland, Italy, Canada, and Japan; it also, appropriately, includes a preponderance of authors from the University of Oxford, which has been a center of Aristotelian studies for many centuries. The volume equally reflects the broad range of activity Aristotelian studies comprise today: such activity ranges from the primarily textual and philological to the application of broadly Aristotelian (...)
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  • Being, Nature, and Life in Aristotle: Essays in Honor of Allan Gotthelf.James G. Lennox & Robert Bolton (eds.) - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    This volume of essays explores major connected themes in Aristotle's metaphysics, philosophy of nature, and ethics, especially themes related to essence, definition, teleology, activity, potentiality, and the highest good. The volume is united by the belief that all aspects of Aristotle's work need to be studied together if any one of the areas of thought is to be fully understood. Many of the papers were contributions to a conference at the University of Pittsburgh entitled 'Being, Nature, and Life in Aristotle', (...)
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  • Explanation and Teleology in Aristotle's Science of Nature.Mariska Leunissen - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    In Aristotle's teleological view of the world, natural things come to be and are present for the sake of some function or end. Whereas much of recent scholarship has focused on uncovering the physical underpinnings of Aristotle's teleology and its contrasts with his notions of chance and necessity, this book examines Aristotle's use of the theory of natural teleology in producing explanations of natural phenomena. Close analyses of Aristotle's natural treatises and his Posterior Analytics show what methods are used for (...)
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  • New Perspectives on Aristotle’s De Caelo.Alan C. Bowen & Christian Wildberg (eds.) - 2009 - Brill.
    New Perspectives on Aristotle'sDe caelo (Leiden) 139-161. Machamer, PK (1978) " Aristotle on Natural Place and Motion" Isis 69: 377-387. ...
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  • Aristotle.Harold Henry Joachim - 1951 - Oxford, Clarendon Press.
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  • Models and Metaphors: Studies in Language and Philosophy.Max Black - 1962 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
    Author Max Black argues that language should conform to the discovered regularities of experience it is radically mistaken to assume that the conception of language is a mirror of reality.
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  • Creationism and its Critics in Antiquity.David Sedley - 2007 - University of California Press.
    In this book, David Sedley examines this question and illuminates new historical perspectives on the pantheon of thinkers who laid the foundations of Western ...
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  • Aristotelian Explorations.G. E. R. Lloyd - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book challenges several widespread views concerning Aristotle's methods and practices of scientific and philosophical research. Taking central topics in psychology, zoology, astronomy and politics, Professor Lloyd explores generally unrecognised tensions between Aristotle's deeply held a priori convictions and his remarkable empirical honesty in the face of complexities in the data or perceived difficult or exceptional cases. The picture that emerges of Aristotle's actual engagement in scientific research and of his own reflections on that research is substantially more complex than (...)
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  • Aristotle’s Philosophy of Biology: Studies in the Origins of Life Science.James G. Lennox - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    In addition to being one of the world's most influential philosophers, Aristotle can also be credited with the creation of both the science of biology and the philosophy of biology. He was the first thinker to treat the investigations of the living world as a distinct inquiry with its own special concepts and principles. This book focuses on a seminal event in the history of biology - Aristotle's delineation of a special branch of theoretical knowledge devoted to the systematic investigation (...)
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  • The Order of Nature in Aristotle’s Physics: Place and the Elements.Helen S. Lang - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    This 1999 book demonstrates a method for reading the texts of Aristotle by revealing a continuous line of argument running from the Physics to De Caelo. The author analyses a group of arguments that are almost always treated in isolation from one another, and reveals their elegance and coherence. She concludes by asking why these arguments remain interesting even though we now believe they are absolutely wrong and have been replaced by better ones. The book establishes the case that we (...)
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  • Metaphors We Live By.George Lakoff & Mark Johnson - 1980 - University of Chicago Press.
    The now-classic Metaphors We Live By changed our understanding of metaphor and its role in language and the mind. Metaphor, the authors explain, is a fundamental mechanism of mind, one that allows us to use what we know about our physical and social experience to provide understanding of countless other subjects. Because such metaphors structure our most basic understandings of our experience, they are "metaphors we live by"--metaphors that can shape our perceptions and actions without our ever noticing them. In (...)
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  • Plato's Natural Philosophy: A Study of the Timaeus-Critias.Thomas Kjeller Johansen - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Plato's dialogue the Timaeus-Critias presents two connected accounts, that of the story of Atlantis and its defeat by ancient Athens and that of the creation of the cosmos by a divine craftsman. This book offers a unified reading of the dialogue. It tackles a wide range of interpretative and philosophical issues. Topics discussed include the function of the famous Atlantis story, the notion of cosmology as 'myth' and as 'likely', and the role of God in Platonic cosmology. Other areas commented (...)
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  • Aristotle on Teleology.Monte Ransome Johnson - 2008 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Monte Johnson examines one of the most controversial aspects of Aristiotle's natural philosophy: his teleology. Is teleology about causation or explanation? Does it exclude or obviate mechanism, determinism, or materialism? Is it focused on the good of individual organisms, or is god or man the ultimate end of all processes and entities? Is teleology restricted to living things, or does it apply to the cosmos as a whole? Does it identify objectively existent causes in the world, or is it merely (...)
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  • Philosophical Issues in Aristotle's Biology.Allan Gotthelf & James G. Lennox (eds.) - 1987 - Cambridge University Press.
    Aristotle's biological works - constituting over 25% of his surviving corpus and for centuries largely unstudied by philosophically oriented scholars - have been the subject of an increasing amount of attention of late. This collection brings together some of the best work that has been done in this area, with the aim of exhibiting the contribution that close study of these treatises can make to the understanding of Aristotle's philosophy. The book is divided into four parts, each with an introduction (...)
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  • Aristotle: Critical Assessments. Logic and metaphysics. Vol. 1.Lloyd P. Gerson (ed.) - 1999 - Routledge.
    This set reprints key articles on Aristotle's logic, metaphysics, physics, cosmology, biology, psychology, ethics, politics, rhetoric, and aesthetics, discussing the major issues of concern in contemporary Aristotelian scholarship.
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  • Cosmic Problems: Essays on Greek and Roman Philosophy of Nature.David Furley - 1966 - Cambridge University Press.
    The essays in this collection represent in scholarly infrastructure to Professor Furley's major study, The Greek Cosmologists, of which volume 1 was published by the Press in 1987. They tackle the questions in ancient cosmology and the clash between the two opposing systems known as Aristotelianism and Atomism. Some essays are general reflections on the nature of the debate; others explore certain detailed questions; yet all illustrate the author's incisive approach, which cuts through irrelevancies and goes directly to the heart (...)
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  • Aristotle and the Science of Nature: Unity Without Uniformity.Andrea Falcon - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    Andrea Falcon's work is guided by the exegetical ideal of recreating the mind of Aristotle and his distinctive conception of the theoretical enterprise. In this concise exploration of the significance of the celestial world for Aristotle's science of nature, Falcon investigates the source of discontinuity between celestial and sublunary natures and argues that the conviction that the natural world exhibits unity without uniformity is the ultimate reason for Aristotle's claim that the heavens are made of a special body, unique to (...)
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  • Aristotle on Meaning and Essence.David Owain Maurice Charles - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    David Charles presents a major new study of Aristotle's views on meaning, essence, necessity, and related topics. These interconnected views are central to Aristotle's metaphysics, philosophy of language, and philosophy of science, and are also highly relevant to current philosophical debates. Charles aims to reach a clear understanding of Aristotle's claims and arguments, to assess their truth, and to evaluate their importance to ancient and modern philosophy.
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  • Aristotle and Beyond: Essays on Metaphysics and Ethics.Sarah Broadie - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Written over a period of thirty-five years, these essays explore the topics of causation, time, fate, determinism, natural teleology, different conceptions of the human soul, the idea of the highest good and the human significance of leisure. While most of the essays take as their starting-point some theme in Ancient Greek philosophy, they are meant not as exegesis but as distinctive and independent contributions to live philosophizing. Written with clarity, precision without technicality, and philosophical imagination, they will engage a wide (...)
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  • Aristotle. [REVIEW]J. L. Stocks - 1936 - The Classical Review 50 (1):22-23.
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  • Aristotle's philosophical life and writings.Christopher Shields - 2012 - In The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle. Oup Usa. pp. 1.
    Despite a paucity of contemporary information about Aristotle's life and affairs, our ancient sources are only too happy to supply missing details and additional colour, much of it centred on his relationship with his teacher, Plato. Aristotle left Athens at around the time of Plato's death, for Assos, on the northwest coast of present-day Turkey, where he carried on his philosophical activity, augmented by intensive marine biological research. He returned to Athens for his second and final stay in 335. Once (...)
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  • Aristotle.Joseph Ratner - 1924 - Journal of Philosophy 21 (13):357-361.
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  • Science and Philosophy in Aristotle's "Generation of Animals".Anthony Preus - 1970 - Journal of the History of Biology 3 (1):1 - 52.
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  • Science and philosophy in Aristotle'sGeneration of Animals.Anthony Preus - 1970 - Journal of the History of Biology 3 (1):1-52.
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  • Aristotle's Classification of Animals: Biology and the Conceptual Unity of the Aristotelian Corpus.Charlotte Witt - 1989 - Philosophical Review 98 (4):543-544.
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  • The private parts of animals: Aristotle on the teleology of sexual difference.Karen Nielsen - 2008 - Phronesis 53 (4-5):373-405.
    In this paper I examine Aristotle's account of sexual difference in Generation of Animals, arguing that Aristotle conceives of the production of males as the result of a successful teleological process, while he sees the production of females as due to material forces that defeat the norms of nature. My suggestion is that Aristotle endorses what I call the "degrees of perfection" model. I challenge Devin Henry's attempt to argue that Aristotle explains sex determination exclusively with reference to material necessity (...)
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  • Aristotle on Norms of Inquiry.James G. Lennox - 2011 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 1 (1):23-46.
    Where does Aristotle stand in the debate between rationalism and empiricism? The locus classicus on this question, Posterior Analytics II. 19, seems clearly empiricist. Yet many commentators have resisted this conclusion. Here, I review their arguments and conclude that they rest in part on expectations for this text that go unfulfilled. I argue that this is because his views about norms of empirical inquiry are in the rich methodological passages in his scientific treatises. In support of this claim, I explore (...)
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  • Substitution et Connaissance: Une Interprétation Unitare de la Théorie Aristotélicienne de la Métaphore.André Laks - 1994 - In Alexander Nehamas & David J. Furley (eds.), Aristotle's "Rhetoric": Philosophical Essays. Princeton University Press. pp. 283-306.
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  • Metaphors We Live by.Max Black - 1980 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 40 (2):208-210.
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  • Plato's natural philosophy: A study of the 'timaeus–critias' – Thomas kjeller Johansen.Scott Carson - 2007 - Philosophical Quarterly 57 (226):131-133.
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  • Paideia: the Ideals of Greek Culture.Werner Jaeger - 1940 - Philosophical Review 49:699.
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  • Understanding Aristotle's Reproductive Hylomorphism.Devin Henry - 2006 - Apeiron 39 (3):257 - 287.
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  • How sexist is Aristotle's developmantal biology?Devin Henry - 2007 - Phronesis 52 (3):251-69.
    The aim of this paper is to evaluate the level of gender bias in Aristotle’s Generation of Animals while exercising due care in the analysis of its arguments. I argue that while the GA theory is clearly sexist, the traditional interpretation fails to diagnose the problem correctly. The traditional interpretation focuses on three main sources of evidence: (1) Aristotle’s claim that the female is, as it were, a “disabled” (πεπηρωμένον) male; (2) the claim at GA IV.3, 767b6-8 that females are (...)
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  • Aristotle on the Analogy Between Action and Nature.Herbert Granger - 1993 - Classical Quarterly 43 (1):168.
    In Physics 2.8 Aristotle argues for his natural teleology by arguing for the goal-directed character of nature. The argument that he develops with the most care is directed against those natural philosophers, like Empedocles, who maintain that the results of natural processes which benefit organisms, such as teeth, come to be through chance. Aristotle counters by arguing that because the beneficial results of natural processes occur regularly, ‘always or for the most part’, they cannot be the outcome of chance, which (...)
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  • The Place of the Good in Aristotle's Natural Teleology'.Allan Gotthelf - 1988 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 4 (1):113-39.
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  • Plato: Phaedo.David Gallop & G. M. A. Grube - 1978 - Noûs 12 (4):475-479.
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  • Feminist Interpretations of Aristotle.Julie K. Ward - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (4):238-243.
    This volume consists of twelve essays, mostly newly published, on a variety of topics in Aristotelian scholarship ranging from the theoretical to the practical and productive parts of the corpus. The volume divides the papers into one group addressing topics in Aristotle's metaphysics, physics, epistemology, biology, and logic on one hand, and his ethics, politics, poetics, and rhetoric on the other. The contributors include established scholars in ancient philosophy, such as Cynthia Freeland, Deborah Modrak, Martha Nussbaum, and Charlotte Witt, and (...)
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  • Aristotle's painful path to virtue.Howard J. Curzer - 2002 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 40 (2):141-162.
    Howard J. Curzer - Aristotle's Painful Path to Virtue - Journal of the History of Philosophy 40:2 Journal of the History of Philosophy 40.2 141-162 Aristotle's Painful Path to Virtue Howard J. Curzer [P]unishment . . . is a kind of cure . . . . We think young people should be prone to shame . . . . 1. Two Questions FOR ARISTOTLE, THE GOAL OF MORAL development is, of course, to become virtuous. Aristotle provides a partial description of (...)
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  • The Order of Nature in Aristotle’s Physics: Place and the Elements. [REVIEW]Sheldon M. Cohen - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (4):636-639.
    In the Physics, 4.3.211b5-9, 212a2-6, Aristotle argues that place is “the limit of the surrounding body, at which it is in contact with that which is surrounded.” He then continues.
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  • Aristotle on Meaning and Essence.Yannis Stephanou - 2002 - Mind 111 (444):841-847.
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  • Aristotle on Meaning and Essence.Travis Butler - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (2):302.
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  • Models and Metaphors: Studies in Language and Philosophy.William Sacksteder - 1962 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 23 (2):289-290.
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  • Aristotle’s Philosophy of Biology: Studies in the Origins of Life Science.[author unknown] - 2001 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 63 (4):787-789.
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