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  1. Ethics: Inventing Right and Wrong.John Leslie Mackie - 1977 - Penguin Books.
    John Mackie's stimulating book is a complete and clear treatise on moral theory. His writings on normative ethics-the moral principles he recommends-offer a fresh approach on a much neglected subject, and the work as a whole is undoubtedly a major contribution to modern philosophy.The author deals first with the status of ethics, arguing that there are not objective values, that morality cannot be discovered but must be made. He examines next the content of ethics, seeing morality as a functional device, (...)
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  • Versprechen: Überlegungen Zu Einer Künstlichen Tugend.Bernd Lahno - 1995 - De Gruyter.
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  • Grundlegung Zur Metaphysik der Sitten.Immanuel Kant - 1920 - Felix Meiner Verlag.
    In der 1785 veröffentlichten "Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten" formuliert Kant erstmals die Prinzipien einer universalistischen Ethik der Autonomie, deren Einfluß bis heute ungebrochen ist. Schon beim Übergang von der gemeinen zur philosophischen Vernunfterkenntnis findet man die Hauptgedanken: In der Ethik geht es nicht primär um das gute Leben und das Glück, und es geht auch zunächst nicht darum, welche Handlungserfolge erzielt werden; Gegenstand moralischer Hochschätzung sind vielmehr Intentionen und Maximen. Gut ist, was für alle vernünftigen Wesen gilt, weil es (...)
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  • Rationality and Salience.Margaret Gilbert - 1989 - Philosophical Studies 57 (1):61-77.
    A number of authors, Including Thomas Schelling and David Lewis, have envisaged a model of the generation of action in coordination problems in which salience plays a crucial role. Empirical studies suggest that human subjects are likely to try for the salient combination of actions, a tendency leading to fortunate results. Does rationality dictate that one aim at the salient combination? Some have thought so, Thus proclaiming that salience is all that is needed to resolve coordination problems for agents who (...)
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  • [Handout 12].J. L. Mackie - unknown
    1. Causal knowledge is an indispensable element in science. Causal assertions are embedded in both the results and the procedures of scientific investigation. 2. It is therefore worthwhile to investigate the meaning of causal statements and the ways in which we can arrive at causal knowledge.
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  • A Critical Survey of the Reasons Vs. Causes Arguments in Recent Philosophy of Action.Donald Gustafson - 1973 - Metaphilosophy 4 (4):269-297.
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  • Rational Fools: A Critique of the Behavioral Foundations of Economic Theory.Amartya K. Sen - 1977 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 6 (4):317-344.
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  • A Critical Survey of the Reasons Vs. Causes Arguments in Recent Philosophy of Action.Donald Gustafson - 1973 - Metaphilosophy 4 (4):269–297.
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