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William heytesbury

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2008)

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  1. Towards the Modern Theory of Motion: Oxford Calculators and the new interpretation of Aristotle.Elżbieta Jung & Robert Podkoński - unknown
    The problem of the continuity of science from the medieval to the modern times of the 17th century, when Galileo and Newton developed the correct theory of mechanics, occupied historians of science from the beginning of the 20th century. Some believe that the fourteenth-century English scholars who created the School of Oxford Calculators and their French and Italian followers. with their solutions, laid the foundations for the development of modern physics. Others believe that medieval natural philosophy made no contribution to (...)
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  • Fallacies.C. L. Hamblin - 1970 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 160:492-492.
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  • Summulae de Dialectica.John Buridan (ed.) - 2001 - Yale University Press.
    This volume is the first annotated translation in any language of the entire text of the Summulae de dialectica, by the Parisian master of arts John Buridan (1300-1358). One of the most influential works in the history of late medieval philosophy, the Summulae is Buridan's systematic exposition of his nominalist philosophy of logic. Buridan's doctrine spread rapidly and for some two hundred years was dominant at many European universities. His work is of increasing interest today not only to historians of (...)
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  • Summa Logicae.Guillemi De Ockham - 1974
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  • Exploring the Limits of Preclassical Mechanics: A Study of Conceptual Development in Early Modern Science: Free Fall and Compounded Motion in the Work of Descartes, Galileo and Beeckman.Peter Damerow, Gideon Freudenthal, Peter McLaughlin & Jürgen Renn - 2011 - Springer.
    The question of when and how the basic concepts that characterize modern science arose in Western Europe has long been central to the history of science. This book examines the transition from Renaissance engineering and philosophy of nature to classical mechanics oriented on the central concept of velocity. For this new edition, the authors include a new discussion of the doctrine of proportions, an analysis of the role of traditional statics in the construction of Descartes' impact rules, and go deeper (...)
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  • Medieval theories: properties of terms.Stephen Read - 2002 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy 1:1-13.
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  • Insolubilia.Thomas Bradwardine - 2010 - Walpole, MA: Peeters. Edited by Stephen Read.
    The fourteenth-century thinker Thomas Bradwardine is well known in both the history of science and the history of theology. The first of the Merton Calculators (mathematical physicists) and passionate defender of the Augustinian doctrine of salvation through grace alone, he was briefly archbishop of Canterbury before succumbing to the Black Death in 1349. This new edition of his Insolubilia, made from all thirteen known manuscripts, shows that he was also a logician of the first rank. The edition is accompanied by (...)
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  • Introduction to metamathematics.Stephen Cole Kleene - 1952 - Groningen: P. Noordhoff N.V..
    Stephen Cole Kleene was one of the greatest logicians of the twentieth century and this book is the influential textbook he wrote to teach the subject to the next generation. It was first published in 1952, some twenty years after the publication of Godel's paper on the incompleteness of arithmetic, which marked, if not the beginning of modern logic. The 1930s was a time of creativity and ferment in the subject, when the notion of computable moved from the realm of (...)
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  • Introduction to mathematical logic.Elliott Mendelson - 1964 - Princeton, N.J.,: Van Nostrand.
    The Fourth Edition of this long-established text retains all the key features of the previous editions, covering the basic topics of a solid first course in ...
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  • Ockham and Ockhamism: Studies in the Dissemination and Impact of His Thought.William J. Courtenay - 2008 - Brill.
    Against the background of changing assessments of Nominalism and its meanings before Ockham, this book examines the reception of Ockham's thought at Oxford and ...
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  • Logic and the philosophy of language.Norman Kretzmann & Eleonore Stump (eds.) - 1988 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This is the first of a three-volume anthology intended as a companion to The Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy. Volume 1 is concerned with the logic and the philosophy of language, and comprises fifteen important texts on questions of meaning and inference that formed the basis of Medieval philosophy. As far as is practicable, complete works or topically complete segments of larger works have been selected. The editors have provided a full introduction to the volume and detailed introductory headnotes (...)
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  • Medieval cosmology: theories of infinity, place, time, void, and the plurality of worlds.Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem - 1985 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Edited by Roger Ariew.
    These selections from Le système du monde, the classic ten-volume history of the physical sciences written by the great French physicist Pierre Duhem (1861-1916), focus on cosmology, Duhem's greatest interest. By reconsidering the work of such Arab and Christian scholars as Averroes, Avicenna, Gregory of Rimini, Albert of Saxony, Nicole Oresme, Duns Scotus, and William of Occam, Duhem demonstrated the sophistication of medieval science and cosmology.
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  • Some thirteenth century tracts on the game of obligation.L. M. De Rijk - 1974 - Vivarium 12 (2):94-123.
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  • William's machine.Christopher J. Martin - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy 83 (10):564-572.
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  • Prosentence, Revision, Truth, and Paradox.Tim Maudlin - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (3):705-712.
    Consider the sentence 'This sentence is not true'. It seems that the sentence can be neither true nor not true, on pain of contradiction. Certain notorious paradoxes like this have bedevilled philosophical theories of truth. Tim Maudlin presents an original account of logic and semantics which deals with these paradoxes, and allows him to set out a new theory of truth-values and the norms governing claims about truth. All philosophers interested in logic and language will find Truth and Paradox a (...)
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  • Science by Conceptual Analysis.James Franklin - 2012 - Studia Neoaristotelica 9 (1):3-24.
    The late scholastics, from the fourteenth to the seventeenth centuries, contributed to many fields of knowledge other than philosophy. They developed a method of conceptual analysis that was very productive in those disciplines in which theory is relatively more important than empirical results. That includes mathematics, where the scholastics developed the analysis of continuous motion, which fed into the calculus, and the theory of risk and probability. The method came to the fore especially in the social sciences. In legal theory (...)
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  • Formalizing Medieval Logical Theories: Suppositio, Consequentiae and Obligationes.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2007 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer.
    This book presents novel formalizations of three of the most important medieval logical theories: supposition, consequence and obligations. In an additional fourth part, an in-depth analysis of the concept of formalization is presented - a crucial concept in the current logical panorama, which as such receives surprisingly little attention.Although formalizations of medieval logical theories have been proposed earlier in the literature, the formalizations presented here are all based on innovative vantage points: supposition theories as algorithmic hermeneutics, theories of consequence analyzed (...)
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  • A Comparative Taxonomy of Medieval and Modern Approaches to Liar Sentences.C. Dutilh Novaes - 2008 - History and Philosophy of Logic 29 (3):227-261.
    Two periods in the history of logic and philosophy are characterized notably by vivid interest in self-referential paradoxical sentences in general, and Liar sentences in particular: the later medieval period (roughly from the 12th to the 15th century) and the last 100 years. In this paper, I undertake a comparative taxonomy of these two traditions. I outline and discuss eight main approaches to Liar sentences in the medieval tradition, and compare them to the most influential modern approaches to such sentences. (...)
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  • Les sophismes du savoir: Albert de Saxe entre Jean Buridan et Guillaume Heytesbury.Joël Biard - 1989 - Vivarium 27 (1):36-50.
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  • Insolubles.Paul Vincent Spade - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  • Obligations, Sophisms and Insolubles.Stephen Read - 2013 - National Research University “Higher School of Economics” - (Series WP6 “Humanities”).
    The focus of the paper is a sophism based on the proposition ‘This is Socrates’ found in a short treatise on obligational casus attributed to William Heytesbury. First, the background to the puzzle in Walter Burley’s traditional account of obligations (the responsio antiqua), and the objections and revisions made by Richard Kilvington and Roger Swyneshed, are presented. All six types of obligations described by Burley are outlined, including sit verum, the type used in the sophism. Kilvington and Swyneshed disliked the (...)
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  • Works by Richard Kilvington.Elżbieta Jung-Palczewska - 2000 - Archives d'Histoire Doctrinale et Littéraire du Moyen Âge 67:181-223.
    This 14th c. English philosopher and theologian was, together with Thomas Bradwardine, one of the first Calculators. His works : the Sophismata and Questions on the De generatione et corruptione, the Physics, the Ethics, and Peter Lombard’s Sentences were known both in Oxford and in Paris. His original views were a source of inspiration for his contemporaries as well as followers.
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  • Sophismata asinina.Guillaume Heytesbury & Fabienne Pironet - 1996 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 58 (2):378-379.
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  • Developments in the arts curriculum at Oxford in the early fourteenth century.James A. Weisheipl - 1966 - Mediaeval Studies 28 (1):151-175.
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  • Mental Language and Italian Scholasticism in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries.Alfonso Maierù - 2004 - In Russell L. Friedman & Sten Ebbesen (eds.), John Buridan and beyond: topics in the language sciences, 1300-1700. Copenhagen: Commission agent, C.A. Reitzel. pp. 89--33.
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  • Medieval theories of consequence.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2012 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy:1-21.
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  • Epistemic logic in the later Middle Ages.Ivan Boh - 1993 - New York: Routledge.
    Epistemic logic is one of the most exciting areas in medieval philosophy. Neglected almost entirely after the end of the Middle Ages, it has been rediscovered by philosophers of the twentieth century. Epistemic Logic in the Later Middle Ages provides the first comprehensive study of the subject. Ivan Boh explores the contrast between epistemic and alethic conceptions of consequence, the general epistemic rules of consequence, the search for conditions of knowing contingent propositions, the problems of substitutivity in intentional contexts, the (...)
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  • Curriculum of the faculty of arts at Oxford in the early fourteenth century.James A. Weisheipl - 1964 - Mediaeval Studies 26 (1):143-185.
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  • On "insoluble" sentences: chapter one of his Rules for solving sophisms.William Heytesbury - 1979 - Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies. Edited by Paul Vincent Spade.
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  • Theory of supposition vs. theory of fallacies in Ockham.Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2007 - In John Marenbon (ed.), The many roots of medieval logic: the aristotelian and the non-aristotelian traditions: special offprint of Vivarium 45, 2-3 (2007). Boston: Brill.
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  • The Sophismata of Richard Kilvington.N. Kretzmann & Barbara Kretzmann - 1990 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 53 (2):379-379.
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  • De Obligationibus : Rekonstruktion Einer Spätmittelalterlichen Disputationstheorie.Hajo Keffer - 2001 - Boston: Brill.
    This book presents a thorough reconstruction of the late-scholastic logical treatises De Obligationibus by the methods of modern logic and set theory. It defends the view that the treatises are intended to put forward a theory of disputation.
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  • Ockham and some Mertonians.James A. Weisheipl - 1968 - Mediaeval Studies 30 (1):163-213.
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  • The rise of British logic: acts of the Sixth European Symposium on Medieval Logic and Semantics, Balliol College, Oxford, 19-24 June 1983.Patrick Osmund Lewry (ed.) - 1983 - Toronto, Ont., Canada: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies.
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  • Зимняя школа: «Культурные исследования в трансформирующихся обществах».В.В Сагуйченко - 2000 - Topos 2.
    The article identifies the trends and prospects of development of the family dialogue, and the school with current socio-cultural context through the system of postgraduate education. It is proposed to use the philosophy of education as a pedagogical methodology for the design of the school and family cooperation.
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  • William Heytesbury and the Conditions for Knowledge.David B. Martens - 2010 - Theoria 76 (4):355-374.
    Ivan Boh affirms and Robert Pasnau denies that William Heytesbury holds merely true belief to be sufficient for knowledge in the broad sense. I argue that Boh is correct and Pasnau is mistaken, and that there is a long-running orthodox medieval tradition agreeing with Heytesbury about the conditions for knowledge. I offer a hypothesis about the origins, continuance and demise of that medieval tradition, and some remarks about the tradition's significance.
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  • Economy and Nature in the Fourteenth Century. Money, Market Exchange, and the Emergence of Scientific Thought.Joel Kaye - 2000 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 62 (4):790-790.
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  • Obligations in Early Thirteenth Century Paris: The Obligationes of Nicholas of Paris. Braakhuis - 1998 - Vivarium 36 (2):152-233.
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  • Précis of Truth and Paradox.Tim Maudlin - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (3):696-704.
    Truth and Paradox largely consists of three connected technical projects together with a more general account of the nature of truth. The first project is the most familiar: providing an account of how logically complex sentences get assigned truth values on the basis of the truth values assigned to the logically atomic sentences. The second is construction of valid, syntactically specifiable inference rules for a language that includes the familiar logical connectives and the truth predicate. The third is an account (...)
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  • Medieval Obligationes as Logical Games of Consistency Maintenance.C. Dutilh Novaes - 2005 - Synthese 145 (3):371-395.
    I argue that the medieval form of dialectical disputation known as obligationes can be viewed as a logical game of consistency maintenance. The game has two participants, Opponent and Respondent. Opponent puts forward a proposition P; Respondent must concede, deny or doubt, on the basis of inferential relations between P and previously accepted or denied propositions, or, in case there is none, on the basis of the common set of beliefs. Respondent loses the game if he concedes a contradictory set (...)
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  • The Sophismata of Richard Kilvington: Introduction, Translation, and Commentary.Norman Kretzmann & Barbara Ensign Kretzmann (eds.) - 1990 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Richard Kilvington was an obscure fourteenth-century philosopher whose Sophismata deal with a series of logic-linguistic conundrums of a sort which featured extensively in philosophical discussions of this period. Originally published in 1990, this was the first ever translation or edition of his work. As well as an introduction to Kilvington's work, the editors provide a detailed commentary. This edition will prove of considerable interest to historians of medieval philosophy who will realise from the evidence presented here that Kilvington deserves to (...)
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  • Le antinomie semantiche nella logica medievale.Francesco Bottin - 1976 - Padova: Antenore.
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  • Repertorium Mertonense.James A. Weisheipl - 1969 - Mediaeval Studies 31 (1):174-224.
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  • Four Phases of Medieval Epistemic Logic.Ivan Boh - 2000 - Theoria 66 (2):129-144.
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  • The Sophismata of Richard Kilvington: introduction, translation, and commentary.Richard Kilvington (ed.) - 1990 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Richard Kilvington was an obscure fourteenth-century philosopher whose Sophismata deal with a series of logic-linguistic conundrums of a sort which featured extensively in philosophical discussions of this period. This is the first ever translation or edition of his work. As well as an introduction to Kilvington's work, the editors provide a detailed commentary. This edition will prove of considerable interest to historians of medieval philosophy who will realise from the evidence presented here that Kilvington deserves to be studied just as (...)
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  • Some notes on the mediaeval tract de insolubilibus, with the edition of a tract dating from the end of the twelfth century.L. M. De Rijk - 1966 - Vivarium 4 (1):83-115.
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  • Dialectic and Its Place in the Development of Medieval Logic.Eleonore STUMP - 1989 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 25 (4):392-395.
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  • Epistemic and Alethic Iteration in Later Medieval Logic.Ivan Boh - 1984 - Philosophia Naturalis 21 (2/4):492-506.
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  • The mediaeval liar: a catalogue of the insolubilia-literature.Paul Vincent Spade - 1975 - Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies.
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  • William heytesbury's position on "insolubles": One possible source.Paul Vincent Spade - 1976 - Vivarium 14 (2):114-120.
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