Switch to: Citations

Add references

You must login to add references.
  1. Inquiries Into Truth And Interpretation.Donald Davidson - 1984 - Oxford University Press.
    Now in a new edition, this volume updates Davidson's exceptional Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation (1984), which set out his enormously influential philosophy of language. The original volume remains a central point of reference, and a focus of controversy, with its impact extending into linguistic theory, philosophy of mind, and epistemology. Addressing a central question--what it is for words to mean what they do--and featuring a previously uncollected, additional essay, this work will appeal to a wide audience of philosophers, linguists, (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   882 citations  
  • An Input Condition for Teleosemantics? Reply to Shea (and Godfrey-Smith).Ruth Garrett Millikan - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (2):436-455.
    In his essay "Consumers Need Information: Supplementing Teleosemantics with an Input Condition" (this issue) Nicholas Shea argues, with support from the work of Peter Godfrey-Smith (1996), that teleosemantics, as David Papinau and I have articulated it, cannot explain why "content attribution can be used to explain successful behavior." This failure is said to result from defining the intentional contents of representations by reference merely to historically normal conditions for success of their "outputs," that is, of their uses by interpreting or (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  • Die Theorie der Intentionalität bei Franz Brentano.Arkadiusz Chrudzimski - 1999 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 57 (1):45-66.
    Bei Brentano finden sich zwei deutlich voneinander abweichende Lehren von der Intentionalität. Beide Theorien der Intentionalität werden im Detail analysiert und mit Freges Theorie von Sinn und Bedeutung verglichen. Die frühe Lehre, wie sie Brentano in seiner Psychologie vom empirischen Standpunkt einführt, ist eine Objekt-Theorie, bei der gewisse irreale Entitäten als Objekte der Intention fungieren, mit den bekannten kontraintuitiven Aspekten und logischen Anomalien als Folge, die von Brentano durch eine Umformulierung des Begriffs des Objektes der Intention gelöst werden. Diese Theorie (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Die Theorie der Intentionalität bei Franz Brentano.Arkadiusz Chrudzimski - 1999 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 57 (1):45-66.
    Bei Brentano finden sich zwei deutlich voneinander abweichende Lehren von der Intentionalität. Beide Theorien der Intentionalität werden im Detail analysiert und mit Freges Theorie von Sinn und Bedeutung verglichen. Die frühe Lehre, wie sie Brentano in seiner Psychologie vom empirischen Standpunkt einführt, ist eine Objekt-Theorie, bei der gewisse irreale Entitäten als Objekte der Intention fungieren, mit den bekannten kontraintuitiven Aspekten und logischen Anomalien als Folge, die von Brentano durch eine Umformulierung des Begriffs des Objektes der Intention gelöst werden. Diese Theorie (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Błędne reprezentacje a pojęcie funkcji w teleosemantyce. Analiza koncepcji Dretskego i Millikan.Krystyna Bielecka - 2014 - Filozofia Nauki 22 (1):105-120.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Studies in the Logic of Explanation.Carl Gustav Hempel & Paul Oppenheim - 1948 - Philosophy of Science 15 (2):135-175.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   534 citations  
  • Origins of Objectivity.Tyler Burge - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Tyler Burge presents an original study of the most primitive ways in which individuals represent the physical world. By reflecting on the science of perception and related psychological and biological sciences, he gives an account of constitutive conditions for perceiving the physical world, and thus aims to locate origins of representational mind.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   463 citations  
  • Reliable Misrepresentation and Tracking Theories of Mental Representation.Angela Mendelovici - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 165 (2):421-443.
    It is a live possibility that certain of our experiences reliably misrepresent the world around us. I argue that tracking theories of mental representation have difficulty allowing for this possibility, and that this is a major consideration against them.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   35 citations  
  • Similarity After Goodman.Lieven Decock & Igor Douven - 2011 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (1):61-75.
    In a famous critique, Goodman dismissed similarity as a slippery and both philosophically and scientifically useless notion. We revisit his critique in the light of important recent work on similarity in psychology and cognitive science. Specifically, we use Tversky’s influential set-theoretic account of similarity as well as Gärdenfors’s more recent resuscitation of the geometrical account to show that, while Goodman’s critique contained valuable insights, it does not warrant a dismissal of similarity.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  • Structural Representation and Surrogative Reasoning.Chris Swoyer - 1991 - Synthese 87 (3):449 - 508.
    It is argued that a number of important, and seemingly disparate, types of representation are species of a single relation, here called structural representation, that can be described in detail and studied in a way that is of considerable philosophical interest. A structural representation depends on the existence of a common structure between a representation and that which it represents, and it is important because it allows us to reason directly about the representation in order to draw conclusions about the (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   132 citations  
  • Doing Without Representing?Andy Clark & Josefa Toribio - 1994 - Synthese 101 (3):401-31.
    Connectionism and classicism, it generally appears, have at least this much in common: both place some notion of internal representation at the heart of a scientific study of mind. In recent years, however, a much more radical view has gained increasing popularity. This view calls into question the commitment to internal representation itself. More strikingly still, this new wave of anti-representationalism is rooted not in armchair theorizing but in practical attempts to model and understand intelligent, adaptive behavior. In this paper (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   137 citations  
  • Simulation and Similarity: Using Models to Understand the World.Michael Weisberg - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    one takes to be the most salient, any pair could be judged more similar to each other than to the third. Goodman uses this second problem to showthat there can be no context-free similarity metric, either in the trivial case or in a scientifically ...
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   277 citations  
  • The Concept of Truth.Richard James Campbell - 2011 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Machine generated contents note: -- Preface -- Introduction: Truth in Trouble -- The Linguistic Conception of Truth -- The Functions Truth Serves -- Truth in Action -- Acting Truly -- The Genesis of Representations -- Acts of Assertion -- The Truth of Statements -- The Challenge of Sceptical Relativism -- Truth as Faithfulness -- Bibliography -- Index.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Psychologie Vom Empirischen Standpunkt.Franz Brentano - 1926 - Philosophical Review 35:189.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   131 citations  
  • Computation and Cognition: Toward a Foundation for Cognitive Science.Zenon W. Pylyshyn - 1984 - MIT Press.
    This systematic investigation of computation and mental phenomena by a noted psychologist and computer scientist argues that cognition is a form of computation, that the semantic contents of mental states are encoded in the same general way as computer representations are encoded. It is a rich and sustained investigation of the assumptions underlying the directions cognitive science research is taking. 1 The Explanatory Vocabulary of Cognition 2 The Explanatory Role of Representations 3 The Relevance of Computation 4 The Psychological Reality (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   946 citations  
  • Representation Reconsidered.William M. Ramsey - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Cognitive representation is the single most important explanatory notion in the sciences of the mind and has served as the cornerstone for the so-called 'cognitive revolution'. This book critically examines the ways in which philosophers and cognitive scientists appeal to representations in their theories, and argues that there is considerable confusion about the nature of representational states. This has led to an excessive over-application of the notion - especially in many of the fresher theories in computational neuroscience. Representation Reconsidered shows (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   160 citations  
  • A Theory of Content and Other Essays.Jerry A. Fodor - 1990 - MIT Press.
    Preface and Acknowledgments Introduction PART I Intentionality Chapter 1 Fodor’ Guide to Mental Representation: The Intelligent Auntie’s Vade-Mecum Chapter 2 Semantics, Wisconsin Style Chapter 3 A Theory of Content, I: The Problem Chapter 4 A Theory of Content, II: The Theory Chapter 5 Making Mind Matter More Chapter 6 Substitution Arguments and the Individuation of Beliefs Chapter 7 Stephen Schiffer’s Dark Night of The Soul: A Review of Remnants of Meaning PART II Modularity Chapter 8 Précis of The Modularity of (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   360 citations  
  • Explaining Behavior: Reasons in a World of Causes.Fred I. Dretske - 1988 - MIT Press.
    In this lucid portrayal of human behavior, Fred Dretske provides an original account of the way reasons function in the causal explanation of behavior.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   865 citations  
  • On The Nature Of Representation: A Case Study Of James Gibson's Theory Of Perception.Mark H. Bickhard & D. Michael Richie - 1983 - Ny: Praeger.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   192 citations  
  • Law and Explanation in Biology: Invariance is the Kind of Stability That Matters.James Woodward - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (1):1-20.
    This paper develops an account of explanation in biology which does not involve appeal to laws of nature, at least as traditionally conceived. Explanatory generalizations in biology must satisfy a requirement that I call invariance, but need not satisfy most of the other standard criteria for lawfulness. Once this point is recognized, there is little motivation for regarding such generalizations as laws of nature. Some of the differences between invariance and the related notions of stability and resiliency, due respectively to (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   51 citations  
  • Misrepresentation.Fred I. Dretske - 1986 - In Radu Bogdan (ed.), Belief: Form, Content, and Function. Oxford University Press. pp. 17--36.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   229 citations  
  • Thoughts Without Laws: Cognitive Science with Content.Ruth Garrett Millikan - 1986 - Philosophical Review 95 (January):47-80.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   167 citations  
  • Radicalizing Enactivism: Basic Minds Without Content.Daniel D. Hutto & Erik Myin - 2013 - Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    In this book, Daniel Hutto and Erik Myin promote the cause of a radically enactive, embodied approach to cognition that holds that some kinds of minds -- basic minds -- are neither best explained by processes involving the manipulation of ...
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   334 citations  
  • Defending the Structural Concept of Representation.Andreas Bartels - 2006 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 21 (1):7-19.
    The aim of this paper is to defend the structural concept of representation, as defined by homomorphisms, against its main objections, namely: logical objections, the objection from misrepresentation, theobjection from failing necessity, and the copy theory objection. The logical objections can be met by reserving the relation ‘to be homomorphic to’ for the explication of potential representation. Actual reference objects of representations are determined by representational mechanisms. Appealing to the independence of the dimensions of ‘content’ and ‘target’ also helps to (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   36 citations  
  • The Nature of Explanation.V. F. Lenzen & K. J. W. Craik - 1944 - Philosophical Review 53 (5):503.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  • A Theory of Content and Other Essays.Ruth Garrett Millikan - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (4):898.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  • Satisfaction Conditions in Anticipatory Mechanisms.Marcin Miłkowski - 2015 - Biology and Philosophy 30 (5):709-728.
    The purpose of this paper is to present a general mechanistic framework for analyzing causal representational claims, and offer a way to distinguish genuinely representational explanations from those that invoke representations for honorific purposes. It is usually agreed that rats are capable of navigation because they maintain a cognitive map of their environment. Exactly how and why their neural states give rise to mental representations is a matter of an ongoing debate. I will show that anticipatory mechanisms involved in rats’ (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  • Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity.R. Rorty - 1989 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 52 (3):566-566.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   292 citations  
  • A Philosophical Letter of Alfred Tarski.Morton White - 1987 - Journal of Philosophy 84 (1):28-32.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  • Tarski's Theory of Truth.Hartry Field - 1972 - Journal of Philosophy 69 (13):347.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   217 citations  
  • The Structure of Appearance.W. V. Quine - 1951 - Journal of Philosophy 48 (18):556-563.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   77 citations  
  • Anti-Representationalism: Not a Well-Founded Theory of Cognition.Michael David Kirchhoff - 2011 - Res Cogitans 8 (2).
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  • Defending the Structural Concept of Representation.Andreas Bartels - 2006 - Theoria 21 (55):7-19.
    The aim of this paper is to defend the structural concept of representation, as defined by homomorphisms, against its main objections, namely: logical objections, the objection from misrepresentation, theobjection from failing necessity, and the copy theory objection. The logical objections can be met by reserving the relation.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   45 citations  
  • The Interactivist Model.Mark H. Bickhard - 2009 - Synthese 166 (3):547 - 591.
    A shift from a metaphysical framework of substance to one of process enables an integrated account of the emergence of normative phenomena. I show how substance assumptions block genuine ontological emergence, especially the emergence of normativity, and how a process framework permits a thermodynamic-based account of normative emergence. The focus is on two foundational forms of normativity, that of normative function and of representation as emergent in a particular kind of function. This process model of representation, called interactivism, compels changes (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   51 citations  
  • A Theory of Content and Other Essays.Alan Millar - 1992 - Philosophical Quarterly 42 (168):367-372.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   87 citations  
  • Explaining Behaviour: Reasons in a World of Causes.Andy Clark - 1990 - Philosophical Quarterly 40 (158):95-102.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   535 citations  
  • Mr. Russell's Causal Theory of Perception.M. H. A. Newman - 1928 - Mind 37 (146):26-43.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   122 citations  
  • Computation and Cognition: Toward a Foundation for Cognitive Science.John Haugeland - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (2):309-311.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   105 citations  
  • Defending the Structural Concept of Representation.Andreas Bartels - 2010 - Theoria : An International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science 21 (1):7-19.
    The paper defends the structural concept of representation, defined by homomorphisms, against the main objections that have been raised against it: Logical objections, the objection from misrepresentation, the objection from failing necessity, and the copy theory objection. Homomorphic representations are not necessarily ‘copies’ of their representanda, and thus can convey scientific insight.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  • The Structure of Appearance.Nelson Goodman - 1956 - Studia Logica 4:255-261.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   175 citations  
  • Features of Similarity.Amos Tversky - 1977 - Psychological Review 84 (4):327-352.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   517 citations  
  • Representational Content in Humans and Machines.Mark H. Bickhard - 1993 - Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 5:285-33.
    This article focuses on the problem of representational content. Accounting for representational content is the central issue in contemporary naturalism: it is the major remaining task facing a naturalistic conception of the world. Representational content is also the central barrier to contemporary cognitive science and artificial intelligence: it is not possible to understand representation in animals nor to construct machines with genuine representation given current (lack of) understanding of what representation is. An elaborated critique is offered to current approaches to (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   84 citations  
  • Function and Causal Relevance of Content.Marcin Miłkowski - 2016 - New Ideas in Psychology 40 (94-102).
    In this paper, I focus on a problem related to teleological theories of content namely, which notion of function makes content causally relevant? It has been claimed that some functional accounts of content make it causally irrelevant, or epiphenomenal; in which case, such notions of function could no longer act as the pillar of naturalized semantics. By looking closer at biological questions about behavior, I argue that past discussion has been oriented towards an ill-posed question. What I defend is a (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  • Studies in the Logic of Explanation.Carl G. Hempel & Paul Oppenheim - 1948 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 14 (2):133-133.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   385 citations  
  • The Nature of Explanation.K. J. W. Craik - 1944 - Philosophy 19 (73):173-174.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   100 citations  
  • Meaning and Content in Cognitive Science.Robert C. Cummins & Martin Roth - 2012 - In Richard Schantz (ed.), Prospects for Meaning. de Gruyter.
    What are the prospects for a cognitive science of meaning? As stated, we think this question is ill posed, for it invites the conflation of several importantly different semantic concepts. In this paper, we want to distinguish the sort of meaning that is an explanandum for cognitive science—something we are going to call meaning—from the sort of meaning that is an explanans in cognitive science—something we are not going to call meaning at all, but rather content. What we are going (...)
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  • Psychologie vom empirischen Standpunkte.F. Brentano - 1876 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 1:209-213.
    Download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   214 citations  
  • Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity.Richard Rorty - 1989 - The Personalist Forum 5 (2):149-152.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   596 citations  
  • Information, Mechanism and Meaning.Donald M. Mackay - 1972 - Synthese 24 (3):472-474.
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   129 citations