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  1. Response to T. L. Short.David Savon - 1986 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 22 (2):125.
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  • The Development of Peirce's Philosophy.Murray G. Murphey - 1961 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 18 (2):228-229.
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  • IV.—Mechanical Explanation and Its Alternatives.C. D. Broad - 1919 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 19 (1):86-124.
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  • Mind in a Physical World: An Essay on the Mind–Body Problem and Mental Causation.Jaegwon Kim - 1998 - MIT Press.
    This book, based on Jaegwon Kim's 1996 Townsend Lectures, presents the philosopher's current views on a variety of issues in the metaphysics of the mind...
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  • The Rise and Fall of British Emergentism.Brian P. McLaughlin - 1992 - In Ansgar Beckermann, Hans Flohr & Jaegwon Kim (eds.), Emergence or Reduction?: Prospects for Nonreductive Physicalism. De Gruyter.
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  • The Reemergence of 'Emergence'.Bryon Cunningham - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (3):S63-S75.
    A variety of recent philosophical discussions, particularly on topics relating to complexity, have begun to reemploy the concept of 'emergence'. Although multiple concepts of 'emergence' are available, little effort has been made to systematically distinguish them. In this paper, I provide a taxonomy of higher-order properties that (inter alia) distinguishes three classes of emergent properties: (1) ontologically basic properties of complex entities, such as the mythical vital properties, (2) fully configurational properties, such as mental properties as they are conceived of (...)
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  • Mind in a Physical World: An Essay on the Mind-Body Problem and Mental Causation.Barry Loewer & Jaegwon Kim - 2001 - Journal of Philosophy 98 (6):315.
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  • Emergent Evolution.G. T. W. Patrick - 1923 - Journal of Philosophy 20 (26):714-718.
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  • Emergence Theories and Pragmatic Realism.Charbel Niño El-Hani & Sami Pihlström - 2002 - Essays in Philosophy 3 (2):3.
    The tradition of pragmatism has, especially since Dewey, been characterized by a commitment to nonreductive naturalism. The notion of emergence, popular in the early decades of the twentieth century and currently re-emerging as a central concept in metaphysics and the philosophy of mind, may be useful in explicating that commitment. The present paper discusses the issue of the reality of emergent properties, drawing particular attention to a pragmatic way of approaching this issue. The reality of emergents can be defended as (...)
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  • Materialism and Qualia: The Explanatory Gap.Joseph Levine - 1983 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 64 (October):354-61.
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  • Downward Causation and the Autonomy of Weak Emergence.Mark A. Bedau - 2002 - Principia 6 (1):5-50.
    Weak emergence has been offered as an explication of the ubiquitous notion of emergence used in complexity science (Bedau 1997). After outlining the problem of emergence and comparing weak emergence with the two other main objectivist approaches to emergence, this paper explains a version of weak emergence and illustrates it with cellular automata. Then it explains the sort of downward causation and explanatory autonomy involved in weak emergence.
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  • The Dynamical Hypothesis in Cognitive Science.Tim van Gelder - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):615-28.
    The dynamical hypothesis is the claim that cognitive agents are dynamical systems. It stands opposed to the dominant computational hypothesis, the claim that cognitive agents are digital computers. This target article articulates the dynamical hypothesis and defends it as an open empirical alternative to the computational hypothesis. Carrying out these objectives requires extensive clarification of the conceptual terrain, with particular focus on the relation of dynamical systems to computers.
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  • Thinking and Computing: Computers as Special Kinds of Signs. [REVIEW]James H. Fetzer - 1997 - Minds and Machines 7 (3):345-364.
    Cognitive science has been dominated by the computational conception that cognition is computation across representations. To the extent to which cognition as computation across representations is supposed to be a purposive, meaningful, algorithmic, problem-solving activity, however, computers appear to be incapable of cognition. They are devices that can facilitate computations on the basis of semantic grounding relations as special kinds of signs. Even their algorithmic, problem-solving character arises from their interpretation by human users. Strictly speaking, computers as such — apart (...)
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  • Downward Causation and the Autonomy of Weak Emergence.Mark Bedau - 2002 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 6 (1):5-50.
    Weak emergence has been offered as an explication of the ubiquitous notion of emergence used m complexity science After outlining the problem of emergence and comparing weak emergence with the two other weak objectivist approaches to emergence, the paper explains a version of weak emergence and illustrates at with cellular automata Then it explains the sort of downward causation and explanatory autonomy involved m weak emergence.
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  • Some Leading Ideas of Peirce’s Semiotic.Joseph Ransdell - 1977 - Semiotica 19 (3-4):157-178.
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  • Emergent Evolution.C. Lloyd Morgan - 1923 - Williams & Norgate.
    EMERGENT EVOLUTION- THE GIFFORD LECTURES DELIVERED IN THE UNIVERSITY OF ST.
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  • The Development of Peirce's Philosophy.Manley Thompson - 1963 - Philosophical Review 72 (1):117.
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  • On the Reality of Emergents.Charbel Niño El-Hani - 2002 - Principia: Revista Internacional de Epistemologia 6 (1):51-87.
    The controversy over the notion of emergence has recently re-emerged. But a rigorous debate concerning how it might be explained or defined is often lacking. Emergence is discussed here under two strict conditions emergents can be predictable from the knowledge about a system’s parts, emergents can be regarded as dependent on, and determined by, the system’s macro-structure. O’Connor’s definition of an emergent property is taken as a starting-point for a new definition, incorporating Emmeche and colleagues’ analysis of downward causation and (...)
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  • On the Reality of Emergents.Charbel Niño El-Hani - 2002 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 6 (1):51-88.
    The controversy over the notion of emergence has recently re-emerged But a rigorous debate concerning how it might be explained or defined often lacking Emergence is discussed heir under two strict conditions emergents can be predictable from the knowledge about a system's parts, emergents can be regarded as dependent on, and determined by, the system's micro-structure O’Connor’s definition of an emergent property is taken as a starting-point for a new definition, incorporating Emmeche and colleagues’ analysis of downward causation and Baas' (...)
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  • The Re-Emergence of the Emergence Debate.Sami Pihlström - 2002 - Principia: Revista Internacional de Epistemologia 6 (1):133-181.
    This essay provides a critical review of contemporary controversies related to the notion of emergence by discussing, among other recent views, Achim Stephan’s defense of the ontological tradition of emergentist thought along the limes of C D Broad. Stephan’s distinctions between various notions of emergence, different in strength, are useful as they clarify the state of discussion. There are, however, several unsettled problems concerning emergence. Some of these have been dealt with by Stephan, Kim, and others, though not entirely satisfactorily, (...)
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  • Supervenience and Physicalism.Andrew Bailey - 1998 - Synthese 117 (1):53-73.
    Discussion of the supervenience relation in the philosophical literature of recent years has become Byzantine in its intricacy and diversity. Subtle modulations of the basic concept have been tooled and retooled with increasing frequency, until supervenience has lost nearly all its original lustre as a simple and powerful tool for cracking open refractory philosophical problems. I present a conceptual model of the supervenience relation that captures all the important extant concepts without ignoring the complexities uncovered during work over the past (...)
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  • Supervenience and Mind: Selected Philosophical Essays.Jaegwon Kim - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    Jaegwon Kim is one of the most preeminent and most influential contributors to the philosophy of mind and metaphysics. This collection of essays presents the core of his work on supervenience and mind with two sets of postscripts especially written for the book. The essays focus on such issues as the nature of causation and events, what dependency relations other than causal relations connect facts and events, the analysis of supervenience, and the mind-body problem. A central problem in the philosophy (...)
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  • Charles S. Peirce's Evolutionary Philosophy.Carl R. Hausman - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this systematic introduction to the philosophy of Charles S. Peirce, the author focuses on four of Peirce's fundamental conceptions: pragmatism and Peirce's development of it into what he called 'pragmaticism'; his theory of signs; his phenomenology; and his theory that continuity is of prime importance for philosophy. He argues that at the centre of Peirce's philosophical project is a unique form of metaphysical realism, whereby continuity and evolutionary change are both necessary for our understanding of experience. In his final (...)
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  • Aristotle: The Desire to Understand.Jonathan Lear - 1988 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is a 1988 philosophical introduction to Aristotle, and Professor Lear starts where Aristotle himself starts. The first sentence of the Metaphysics states that all human beings by their nature desire to know. But what is it for us to be animated by this desire in this world? What is it for a creature to have a nature; what is our human nature; what must the world be like to be intelligible; and what must we be like to understand it (...)
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  • Making Sense of Emergence.Jaegwon Kim - 1999 - Philosophical Studies 95 (1-2):3-36.
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  • Defining Life, Explaining Emergence.Claus Emmeche - manuscript
    Bibliographical Note Abstract Explaining things - introductory remarks General attitudes and the standard view Requirements for a definition Life as the natural selection of replicators Life as an autopoietic system Life as a semiotic phenomenon Downward causation Implicitly well-defined general objects Emergence as explanatory strategy: the observer reappears Concluding remarks Acknowledgements Notes References Bibliographical note: Earlier versions of this paper were presented at the Princeton History of Science Workshop on "Growing Explanations", Princeton University, February 15, 1997; and at the meeting (...)
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  • Downward Causation.P. B. Andersen, Claus Emmeche, N. O. Finnemann & P. V. Christiansen (eds.) - 2000 - Aarhus, Denmark: University of Aarhus Press.
    The book deals with the notion of Downward Causation from a wide array of perspectives, including physics, biology, psychology, social science, communication studies, text theory, and philosophy. The book includes proponents as well as opponents discussing the validity of the notion.
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  • On Peirce.Cornelis De Waal - 2001 - Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
    This brief text assists students in understanding Peirce's philosophy and thinking so they can more fully engage in useful, intelligent class dialogue and improve their understanding of course content. Part of the Wadsworth Notes Series, (which will eventually consist of approximately 100 titles, each focusing on a single "thinker" from ancient times to the present), On Peirce is written by a philosopher deeply versed in the philosophy of this key thinker. Like other books in the series, this concise book offers (...)
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  • Emergence and Reflexive Downward Causation.John Symons - 2002 - Principia 6 (1):183-202.
    This paper responds to Jaegwon Kim's powerful objection to the very possibility of genuinely novel emergent properties. Kim argues that the incoherence of reflexive downward causation means that the causal power of an emergent phenomenon is ultimately reducible to the causal powers of its constituents. I offer a simple argument showing how to characterize emergent properties m terms of the effects of structural relations an the causal powers of that. constituents.
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  • Aristotle: The Desire to Understand.Richard Kraut & Jonathan Lear - 1991 - Philosophical Review 100 (3):522.
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  • The Continuity of Peirce’s Thought.Kelly A. Parker - 1998 - The Personalist Forum 15 (2):432-437.
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  • The Continuity of Peirce’s Thought.Kelly A. Parker - 1998 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 35 (1):214-223.
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  • Process Metaphysics. An Introduction to Process Philosophy.Nicholas Rescher - 1996 - State University of New York Press.
    Presents a synoptic, compact, and accessible exposition of this influential and interesting sector of twentieth-century American philosophy.
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  • Process Metaphysics. An Introduction to Process Philosophy.Nicholas Rescher - 1996 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 32 (4):689-697.
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  • Charles Peirce's Pragmatic Pluralism.Charles Peirce & Sandra B. Rosenthal - 1994 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 31 (4):875-887.
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  • The Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce.Charles Sanders Peirce, Charles Hartshorne & Paul Weiss - 1933 - International Journal of Ethics 43 (2):220-226.
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  • Supervenience Deconstructed.John Heil - 1998 - European Journal of Philosophy 6 (2):146-155.
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  • Emergence: Non-Deducibility or Downwards Causation?Jurgen Schroder - 1998 - Philosophical Quarterly 48 (193):433-52.
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  • The Organism as the Subject and Object of Evolution.R. C. Lewontin - 1983 - Scientia 77 (18):65.
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  • Supervenience Deconstructed.John Heil - 1998 - European Journal of Philosophy 6 (2):146-155.
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  • Studies in the Logic of Charles Sanders Peirce.Nathan Houser, Don D. Roberts & James Van Evra - 1998 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 34 (1):265-283.
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  • The Mind and its place in nature.C. D. Broad - 1927 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 103:145-146.
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  • The Mind and Its Place in Nature.C. D. Broad - 1926 - Journal of Philosophical Studies 1 (1):104-105.
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  • Peirce.Timothy H. Engstrom & Christopher Hookway - 1989 - Philosophical Quarterly 39 (155):248.
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  • Peirce.Christopher Hookway - 1986 - Mind 95 (377):138-140.
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  • The Reemergence of 'Emergence'.Bryon Cunningham - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (3):62-75.
    A variety of recent philosophical discussions, particularly on topics relating to complexity, have begun to reemploy the concept of 'emergence'. Although multiple concepts of 'emergence' are available, little effort has been made to systematically distinguish them. In this paper, I provide a taxonomy of higher-order properties that distinguishes three classes of emergent properties: ontologically basic properties of complex entities, such as the mythical vital properties, fully configurational properties, such as mental properties as they are conceived of by functionalists and computationalists, (...)
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  • A Pragmatic Realist View of Emergence.Charbel El-Hani & Sami Pihlström - 2002 - Manuscrito 25 (3):105-154.
    This paper examines the notion of emergence from the perspective of pragmatism, drawing special attention to Donald Davidson’s recent account of the emergence of thought and to Hilary Putnam’s pragmatic realism, which, we argue, can be applied to the question of the reality of emergent properties. Our overall conclusion is that the debate over the concept of emergence actively going on in contemporary metaphysics, philosophy of mind, and philosophy of science should be focused more strongly on the realism issue, even (...)
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  • The Garden in the Machine the Emerging Science of Artificial Life.Claus Emmeche - 1994
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  • Causação Descendente, Emergência de Propriedades E Modos Causais Aristotélicos (Downward Causation, Property Emergence, and Aristotelian Causal Modes).Charbel Niño Ei-Hani & Antonio Augusto Passos Videira - 2001 - Theoria 16 (2):301-329.
    O problema da causação descendente é um ponto central na formulação do fisicalismo não-redutivo e na compreensão da emergência de propriedades. Duas interpretações possíveis da causação descendente, nas quais a contribuição do pensamento aristotélico é importante, são examinadas. Os requisitos do programa de matematização da natureza na mecanica clássica, que levaram ao abandono de três dos modos causais aristotélicos, nao parecem igualmente importantes nas ciencias especiais. Isto sugere que a contribuição de Aristóteles pode ser, de certa maneira, retomada. Uma definição (...)
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  • On the Design of Devices with Emergent Semantic Functions.Peter Anthony Cariani - 1989 - Dissertation, State University of New York at Binghamton
    This dissertation examines the functional roles symbols play in biological organisms, scientific models and adaptive learning devices, analyzing the process of how symbols acquire new functions. The semiotic categories of syntactics, semantics, and pragmatics are used to examine the functioning of symbols in organisms, models, and devices. The dissertation explores how we would go about designing self-organizing devices which adaptively construct their own relationships to the physical world . It bears on the frame/feature-generation problem in artificial intelligence, the problem of (...)
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