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True, Truer, Truest

Philosophical Studies 123 (1-2):47-70 (2005)

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  1. Psychophysical and Theoretical Identifications.David Lewis - 1972 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 50 (3):249-258.
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  • Vagueness: A Minimal Theory.Patrick Greenough - 2003 - Mind 112 (446):235-281.
    Vagueness is given a philosophically neutral definition in terms of an epistemic notion of tolerance. Such a notion is intended to capture the thesis that vague terms draw no known boundary across their range of signification and contrasts sharply with the semantic notion of tolerance given by Wright (1975, 1976). This allows us to distinguish vagueness from superficially similar but distinct phenomena such as semantic incompleteness. Two proofs are given which show that vagueness qua epistemic tolerance and vagueness qua borderline (...)
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  • Achieving Incremental Semantic Interpretation Through Contextual Representation.Julie C. Sedivy, Michael K. Tanenhaus, Craig G. Chambers & Gregory N. Carlson - 1999 - Cognition 71 (2):109-147.
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  • Shifting Sands: An Interest-Relative Theory of Vagueness.D. Graff - 2002 - Philosophical Topics 28:45-82.
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  • Vagueness, Truth and Logic.Kit Fine - 1975 - Synthese 30 (3-4):265-300.
    This paper deals with the truth-Conditions and the logic for vague languages. The use of supervaluations and of classical logic is defended; and other approaches are criticized. The truth-Conditions are extended to a language that contains a definitely-Operator and that is subject to higher order vagueness.
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  • Natural Deduction Rules for a Logic of Vagueness.J. A. Burgess & I. L. Humberstone - 1987 - Erkenntnis 27 (2):197-229.
    Extant semantic theories for languages containing vague expressions violate intuition by delivering the same verdict on two principles of classical propositional logic: the law of noncontradiction and the law of excluded middle. Supervaluational treatments render both valid; many-Valued treatments, Neither. The core of this paper presents a natural deduction system, Sound and complete with respect to a 'mixed' semantics which validates the law of noncontradiction but not the law of excluded middle.
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  • The Liar and Sorites Paradoxes: Toward a Unified Treatment.Jamie Tappenden - 1993 - Journal of Philosophy 90 (11):551-577.
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  • Criteria of Personal Identity and the Limits of Conceptual Analysis.Theodore Sider - 2001 - Philosophical Perspectives 15 (s15):189-209.
    When is there no fact of the matter about a metaphysical question? When multiple candidate meanings are equally eligible, in David Lewis's sense, and fit equally well with ordinary usage. Thus given certain ontological schemes, there is no fact of the matter whether the criterion of personal identity over time is physical or psychological. But given other ontological schemes there is a fact of the matter; and there is a fact of the matter about which ontological scheme is correct.
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  • Vagueness, Epistemicism and Response-Dependence.J. Burgess - 2001 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 79 (4):507 – 524.
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  • Definiteness and Knowability.Timothy Williamson - 1995 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 33 (S1):171-192.
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  • Theories of Vagueness.Rosanna Keefe - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 67 (2):491-494.
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  • Timothy Williamson, Vagueness: London and New York: 1994. [REVIEW]Vann McGee & Brian McLaughlin - 1998 - Linguistics and Philosophy 21 (2):221-235.
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  • Epistemicism, Parasites, and Vague Names.Brian Weatherson - 2003 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (2):276 – 279.
    John Burgess has recently argued that Timothy Williamson’s attempts to avoid the objection that his theory of vagueness is based on an untenable metaphysics of content are unsuccessful. Burgess’s arguments are important, and largely correct, but there is a mistake in the discussion of one of the key examples. In this note I provide some alternative examples and use them to repair the mistaken section of the argument.
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  • Inconsistent Languages.Ma'iti Eklund - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (2):251-275.
    The main thesis of this paper is that we sometimes are disposed to accept false and even jointly inconsistent claims by virtue of our semantic competence, and that this comes to light in the sorites and liar paradoxes. Among the subsidiary theses are that this is an important source of indeterminacy in truth conditions, that we must revise basic assumptions about semantic competence, and that classical logic and bivalence can be upheld in the face of the sorites paradox.
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  • Review of Rosanna Keefe, Theories of Vagueness. [REVIEW]Brian Weatherson - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 67 (2):491-494.
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  • Studies in the Way of Words.H. Paul Grice - 1989 - Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
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  • Theories of Vagueness.Rosanna Keefe - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Most expressions in natural language are vague. But what is the best semantic treatment of terms like 'heap', 'red' and 'child'? And what is the logic of arguments involving this kind of vague expression? These questions are receiving increasing philosophical attention, and in this book, first published in 2000, Rosanna Keefe explores the questions of what we should want from an account of vagueness and how we should assess rival theories. Her discussion ranges widely and comprehensively over the main theories (...)
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  • Vagueness.Timothy Williamson - 1994 - Routledge.
    Vagueness provides the first comprehensive examination of a topic of increasing importance in metaphysics and the philosophy of logic and language. Timothy Williamson traces the history of this philosophical problem from discussions of the heap paradox in classical Greece to modern formal approaches such as fuzzy logic. He illustrates the problems with views which have taken the position that standard logic and formal semantics do not apply to vague language, and defends the controversial realistic view that vagueness is a kind (...)
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  • Vagueness.Timothy Williamson - 1998 - Linguistics and Philosophy 21 (2):221-235.
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  • Vagueness and Contradiction.Roy Sorensen - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    Roy Sorenson offers a unique exploration of an ancient problem: vagueness. Did Buddha become a fat man in one second? Is there a tallest short giraffe? According to Sorenson's epistemicist approach, the answers are yes! Although vagueness abounds in the way the world is divided, Sorenson argues that the divisions are sharp; yet we often do not know where they are. Written in Sorenson'e usual inventive and amusing style, this book offers original insight on language and logic, the way world (...)
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  • Vagueness and Mathematical Precision.Roy T. Cook - 2002 - Mind 111 (442):225-247.
    One of the main reasons for providing formal semantics for languages is that the mathematical precision afforded by such semantics allows us to study and manipulate the formalization much more easily than if we were to study the relevant natural languages directly. Michael Tye and R. M. Sainsbury have argued that traditional set-theoretic semantics for vague languages are all but useless, however, since this mathematical precision eliminates the very phenomenon (vagueness) that we are trying to capture. Here we meet this (...)
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  • Logics of Time and Computation.Robert Goldblatt - 1992 - CSLI Publications.
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  • Logical Commitment and Semantic Indeterminacy: A Reply to Williamson.Vann Mcgee & Brian P. Mclaughlin - 2004 - Linguistics and Philosophy 27 (1):123-136.
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  • Reply to McGee and McLaughlin.Timothy Williamson - 2004 - Linguistics and Philosophy 27 (1):113-122.
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  • The Liar and Sorites Paradoxes: Toward a Unified Treatment.Jamie Tappenden - 1993 - Journal of Philosophy 60 (11):551-577.
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  • Understanding Truth.Scott Soames - 1998 - Oxford University Press USA.
    In this book, Scott Soames illuminates the notion of truth and the role it plays in our ordinary thought as well as in our logical, philosophical, and scientific theories. Soames aims to integrate and deepen the most significant insights on truth from a variety of sources. He powerfully brings together the best technical work and the most important philosophical reflection on truth and shows how each can illuminate the other. Investigating such questions as whether we need a truth predicate at (...)
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  • Presumptive Meanings: The Theory of Generalized Conversational Implicature.Stephen C. Levinson - 2000 - MIT Press.
    When we speak, we mean more than we say. In this book Stephen C. Levinson explains some general processes that underlie presumptions in communication.
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  • Review of Timothy Williamson's Vagueness. [REVIEW] McGee, Vann & Brian McLaughlin - 1998 - Linguistics and Philosophy 21:221-231.
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  • Achieving Incremental Semantic Interpretation Through Contextual Representation.Julie Sedivy, MichaelTanenhaus, Craig Chambers & Gregory Carlson - 1999 - Cognition 71:109-47.
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