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From Locke to Materialism: Empiricism, the Brain and the Stirrings of Ontology

In What Does It Mean to Be an Empiricist? Springer Verlag (2018)

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  1. Locke, Medicine and the Mechanical Philosophy.J. R. Milton - 2001 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 9 (2):221 – 243.
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  • The True Intellectual System of the Universe: Wherein All the Reason and Philosophy of Atheism Is Confuted and Its Impossibility Demonstrated.Ralph Cudworth - 1845 - Thoemmes Press.
    83 The SHIP-MASTER'S ASSISTANT, and OWNER'S MA- NUAL ; containing general Information necessary for Merchants, Owners, and Masters of Ships, Officers, ...
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  • Diderot and the Medicine of the Mind.Roselyne Rey - 2000 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 22 (1):149-159.
    Diderot’s reading of Le Camus’ Médecine de l’Esprit may occupy a prominent position in his research for the Eléments de physiologie, but his thoughts on the matter are not restricted to a criticism of this work, which appeared in 1753. In his edition of the Eléments de physiologie, Jean Mayer showed that Diderot had instigated an ongoing debate with other physicians who were also concerned with the issue of a ‘medicine of the mind’: Bonnet, Marat, Le Cat, not to mention (...)
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  • The Emergent Materialism in French Clinical Brain Research : A Case Study in Historical Neurophilosophy.Alexandre Métraux - 2000 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 22 (1):161-189.
    In the period running roughly from 1810 to 1860, French brain research remained split into two large provinces, each of which provided its own epistemological principles, methodological rules, and theoretical aims for the study of man’s mind. The controversies resulting from this split concerned issues as diverse as the intelligibility of mental processes, the unitary or the modular structure of cerebral activities, the relations holding between organic matter and mental function, the relevance and evidential weight of clinical and of experimental—i.e., (...)
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  • “Determinism/Spinozism in the Radical Enlightenment: The Cases of Anthony Collins and Denis Diderot”.Charles T. Wolfe - 2007 - International Review of Eighteenth-Century Studies 1 (1):37-51.
    In his Philosophical Inquiry concerning Human Liberty (1717), the English deist Anthony Collins proposed a complete determinist account of the human mind and action, partly inspired by his mentor Locke, but also by elements from Bayle, Leibniz and other Continental sources. It is a determinism which does not neglect the question of the specific status of the mind but rather seeks to provide a causal account of mental activity and volition in particular; it is a ‘volitional determinism’. Some decades later, (...)
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  • Observations on Man: His Frame, His Duty, and His Expectations.David Hartley - 1749 - New York: Garland.
    The orphaned son of an Anglican clergyman, David Hartley was originally destined for holy orders. Declining to subscribe to the Thirty-Nine Articles, he turned to medicine and science yet remained a religious believer. This, his most significant work, provides a rigorous analysis of human nature, blending philosophy, psychology and theology. First published in two volumes in 1749, Observations on Man is notable for being based on the doctrine of the association of ideas. It greatly influenced scientists, theologians, social reformers and (...)
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  • Empiricist Heresies in Early Modern Medical Thought.Charles T. Wolfe - 2010 - In Charles T. Wolfe & Ofer Gal (eds.), The Body as Object and Instrument of Knowledge. Embodied Empiricism in Early Modern Science. Springer. pp. 333--344.
    Vitalism, from its early modern to its Enlightenment forms (from Glisson and Willis to La Caze and Barthez), is notoriously opposed to intervention into the living sphere. Experiment, quantification, measurement are all ‘vivisectionist’, morally suspect and worse, they alter and warp the ‘life’ of the subject. They are good for studying corpses, not living individuals. This much is well known, and it has disqualified vitalist medicine from having a place in standard histories of medicine, until recent, post-Foucauldian maneuvers have sought (...)
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  • A Treatise Concerning Eternal and Immutable Morality.Ralph Cudworth - 1731 - Cambridge University Press.
    Ralph Cudworth (1617-1688) deserves recognition as one of the most important English seventeenth-century philosophers after Hobbes and Locke. In opposition to Hobbes, Cudworth proposes an innatist theory of knowledge which may be contrasted with the empirical position of his younger contemporary Locke, and in moral philosophy he anticipates the ethical rationalists of the eighteenth century. A Treatise Concerning Eternal and Immutable Morality is his most important work, and this volume makes it available, together with his shorter Treatise of Freewill, in (...)
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  • Enzyklopädie der philosophischen Wissenschaften im Grundrisse.W. Bonsiepen, H. Lucas & Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel - 1994 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 56 (3):614-614.
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  • A Philosophical Inquiry Concerning Human Liberty.Anthony Collins - 1997
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  • Characteristicks of Men, Manners, Opinions, Times [by A.A. Cooper].Anthony Ashley Cooper - 1711
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  • Locke.Maurice William Cranston - 1961 - Published for the British Council by Longmans, Green.
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  • Rapports du Physique Et du Moral de L'Homme.P. J. G. Cabanis & Cerise - 1855 - Charpentier.
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  • A Treatise of Freewill.Ralph Cudworth & John Allen - 1838 - John W. Parker.
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  • Essai Sur L’Origine des Connaissances Humaines. Condillac - 2014 - Vrin.
    L’Essai sur l’origine des connaissances humaines que Condillac publie en 1746 est un texte surprenant à plusieurs points de vue. Il l’est tout d’abord du fait qu’on ne sait pas exactement dans quelles conditions il a été composé, et que, faute de manuscrits, il reste impossible à ce jour d’en connaître la rédaction initiale. Dans ses ouvrages ultérieurs, Condillac en a par ailleurs critiqué plusieurs éléments, mais rien ne nous permet de savoir s’il a touché à l’Essai quand il a (...)
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  • La Crise de la Conscience Europeenne, 1680-1715.Paul Hazard - 1961 - Arthème Fayard.
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  • Essai Sur les Éléments de Philosophie.Jean Le Rond D' Alembert & Richard Nahum Schwab - 1965 - G.Olms.
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  • Materialism and Empirio Criticism: Collected Works of V. I. Lenin.Vladimir Ilʹich Lenin - 1970 - Moscow: Progress Publishers.
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  • Diderot and Descartes.Aram Vartanian - 1953 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    The description for this book, Diderot and Descartes, will be forthcoming.
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  • Locke and French Materialism.John W. Yolton - 1991 - Oxford University Press.
    This book tells for the first time the long and complex story of the involvement of Locke's suggestion that God could add to matter the power of thought in his Essay Concerning Human Understanding in the growth of French materialism. There is a discussion of the 'affaire de Prades', in which Locke's name was linked with a censored thesis at the Faculty of Theology in Paris. The similarities and differences between English "thinking matter" and the French "matiere pensante" of the (...)
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  • Bodies of Thought: Science, Religion, and the Soul in the Early Enlightenment.Ann Thomson - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    'The church in danger' : latitudinarians, Socinians, and Hobbists -- Animal spirits and living fibres -- Mortalists and materialists -- Journalism, exile, and clandestinity -- Mid-eighteenth-century materialism -- Epilogue : some consequences.
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  • The Explanation Of Behaviour.C. Taylor - 1964 - Humanities Press.
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  • Philosophy and Memory Traces: Descartes to Connectionism.John Sutton - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    Philosophy and Memory Traces defends two theories of autobiographical memory. One is a bewildering historical view of memories as dynamic patterns in fleeting animal spirits, nervous fluids which rummaged through the pores of brain and body. The other is new connectionism, in which memories are 'stored' only superpositionally, and reconstructed rather than reproduced. Both models, argues John Sutton, depart from static archival metaphors by employing distributed representation, which brings interference and confusion between memory traces. Both raise urgent issues about control (...)
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  • Of Liberty and Necessity: The Free Will Debate in Eighteenth-Century British Philosophy.James A. Harris - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    The eighteenth century was a time of brilliant philosophical innovation in Britain. In Of Liberty and Necessity James A. Harris presents the first comprehensive account of the period's discussion of what remains a central problem of philosophy, the question of the freedom of the will. He offers new interpretations of contributions to the free will debate made by canonical figures such as Locke, Hume, Edwards, and Reid, and also discusses in detail the arguments of some less familiar writers. Harris puts (...)
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  • Locke: His Philosophical Thought.Nicholas Jolley - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
    This book is a general introduction to the philosophy of John Locke, one of the most influential thinkers in modern times. Nicholas Jolley aims to show the fundamental unity of Locke's thought in his masterpiece, the Essay Concerning Human Understanding. In this work Locke advances a coherent theory of knowledge; as against Descartes he argues that knowledge is possible to the extent that it concerns essences which are constructions of the human mind.
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  • A Materialist Theory of the Mind.D. M. Armstrong - 1968 - Routledge.
    Breaking new ground in the debate about the relation of mind and body, David Armstrong's classic text - first published in 1968 - remains the most compelling and comprehensive statement of the view that the mind is material or physical. In the preface to this new edition, the author reflects on the book's impact and considers it in the light of subsequent developments. He also provides a bibliography of all the key writings to have appeared in the materialist debate.
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  • The Authority of Experience: Sensationist Theory in the French Enlightenment.John C. O'Neal - 1996 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Sensationism, a philosophy that gained momentum in the French Enlightenment as a response to Lockean empiricism, was acclaimed by Hippolyte Taine as "the doctrine of the most lucid, methodical, and French minds to have honored France." The first major general study in English of eighteenth-century French sensationism, _The Authority of Experience_ presents the history of a complex set of ideas and explores their important ramifications for literature, education, and moral theory. The study begins by presenting the main ideas of sensationist (...)
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  • Examen de la Vision En Dieu de Malebranche.John Locke - 2013 - Vrin.
    Locke rédige autour de 1693 plusieurs notes sur la philosophie de Malebranche. Ces critiques n’ont pas eu le succès de celles d’Arnauld. Elles participent pourtant à la même controverse sur le statut des idées. Mais l’idée n’est pas l’essentiel; Locke en traite dans le cadre d’un débat plus large : comment accroître notre savoir limité? La critique a une visée pratique : s’opposer à la vision immédiate des vérités éternelles et à l’assurance qui en découle. La tolérance et la liberté (...)
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  • .Corinne Bonnet - 2015
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  • The Explanation of Behavior.W. D. Joske - 1966 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 27 (1):135-137.
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  • Locke and French Materialism.Desmond M. Clarke - 1992 - Philosophical Quarterly 42 (166):109-111.
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  • Naturalism, Materialism, and First Philosophy.D. Armstrong - 1978 - Philosophia 8 (2-3):261-276.
    First, The doctrine of naturalism, That reality is spatio-Temporal, Is defended. Second, The doctrine of materialism or physicalism, That this spatio-Temporal reality involves nothing but the entities of physics working according to the principles of physics, Is defended. Third, It is argued that these doctrines do not constitute a "first philosophy." a satisfactory first philosophy should recognize universals, In the form of instantiated properties and relations. Laws of nature are constituted by relations between universals. What universals there are, And what (...)
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  • A Materialist Theory of the Mind.[author unknown] - 1968 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 27 (2):217-217.
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  • The Organic Soul.Katharine Park - 1988 - In Charles B. Schmitt, Quentin Skinner & Eckhard Kessler (eds.), The Cambridge History of Renaissance Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. 464--84.
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  • The Myth of ‘British Empiricism’.David Fate Norton - 1981 - History of European Ideas 1 (4):331-344.
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  • The Intellectual Setting and Aims of the Essay.G. A. J. Rogers - 2007 - In Lex Newman (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Locke's "Essay Concerning Human Understanding". Cambridge University Press.
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  • L'Empirisme de Locke.François Duchesneau & Lorenz Krüger - 1974 - Studia Leibnitiana 6 (2):288-292.
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  • Locke and Eighteenth-Century Materialist Conceptions of Personal Identity. Thiel - 1998 - Locke Studies 29:59-84.
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  • Enzyklopädie der philosophischen Wissenschaften im Grundrisse.Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, H. Lucas, U. Rameil, W. Bonsiepen & Kl Grotsch - 2001 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 63 (3):603-604.
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  • Forms of Materialist Embodiment.Charles T. Wolfe - 2012 - In Matthew Landers & Brian Muñoz (eds.), Anatomy and the Organization of Knowledge, 1500-1850. Pickering & Chatto.
    The materialist approach to the body is often, if not always understood in ‘mechanistic’ terms, as the view in which the properties unique to organic, living embodied agents are reduced to or described in terms of properties that characterize matter as a whole, which allow of mechanistic explanation. Indeed, from Hobbes and Descartes in the 17th century to the popularity of automata such as Vaucanson’s in the 18th century, this vision of things would seem to be correct. In this paper (...)
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  • Empiricism.Jennifer Nagel - 2006 - In Sarkar Pfeifer (ed.), The Philosophy of Science. Routledge.
    Having assigned experience this exclusive role in justification, empiricists then have a range of views concerning the character of experience, the semantics of our claims about unobservable entities, the nature of empirical confirmation, and the possibility of non-empirical warrant for some further class of claims, such as those accepted on the basis of linguistic or logical rules. Given the definitive principle of their position, empiricists can allow that we have knowledge independent of experience only where what is known is not (...)
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  • The Philosophy of Neuroscience.John Bickle, Pete Mandik & Anthony Landreth - 2006 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Over the past three decades, philosophy of science has grown increasingly “local.” Concerns have switched from general features of scientific practice to concepts, issues, and puzzles specific to particular disciplines. Philosophy of neuroscience is a natural result. This emerging area was also spurred by remarkable recent growth in the neurosciences. Cognitive and computational neuroscience continues to encroach upon issues traditionally addressed within the humanities, including the nature of consciousness, action, knowledge, and normativity. Empirical discoveries about brain structure and function suggest (...)
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  • L'Empirisme de Locke.François Duchesneau - 1982 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 38 (2):425-425.
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  • Problems and Sources.".Nineteenth Century - 1962 - History of Science 1:1-15.
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  • Dictionnaire Historique Et Critique.Pierre Bayle - unknown
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