Results for 'Mohd Nazari Ismail'

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  1. Ethical leadership and employee ethical behaviour: exploring dual-mediation paths of ethical climate and organisational justice: empirical study on Iraqi organisations.Hussam Al Halbusi, Mohd Nazari Ismail & Safiah Binti Omar - 2021 - International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics 15 (3):303–325.
    Due to ethical lapses of leaders, interest in ethical leadership has grown, raising important questions about the responsibility of leaders in ensuring moral and ethical conduct. Research conducted on ethical leadership failed to investigate the active role that the characteristics of ethical climate and organisational justice have an increasing or decreasing influence on the ethical leadership in the organisation’s outcomes of employees’ ethical behaviour. Thus, this study examined the dual-mediations of work ethical climate and organisational justice on the relation of (...)
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  2.  71
    Pragmatics after Grice علم الاستعمال بعد جرايس.Ismail Salah - 2024 - Tatris 2 (Second issue):148-170.
    ملخص تهدف هذه المقالة إلى بيان التطورات التي طرأت على علم الاستعمال كما قدمه جرايس، والتي يمكن حصرها في اتجاهين أساسيين. أولهما علم الاستعمال الجرايسي الجديد الذي يحافظ على أصول جرايس ويجدد بمقدار، سواء أكان التجديد في اختصار قواعد جرايس للمحادثة لتفادي التداخل والتعارض فيما بينها، أم زيادة القواعد والتوسع في بعضها. وثانيهما علم الاستعمال ما بعد جرايس متمثلاً في نظرية الْمُلَاءَمَة التي هي تناول إدراكي لعلم الاستعمال، وتؤكد على أن الاستدلال اللغوي يعد جانبًا من ميل إدراكي إلى طلب الملاءمة (...)
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  3. Karl Popper's Critique of Idealism.İsmail Kurun - 2018 - Beytulhikme An International Journal of Philosophy 8 (1):273-301.
    Karl Popper’s critique of idealism manifests itself with the application of his method, falsificationism, to metaphysics, epistemology, and social and political philosophy. According to Popper, who identifies himself as a philosophical realist, idealism has emerged as a result of the idea that reality cannot be known by reason and of the search for certainty which is erroneous, and it has begotten two mistaken and detrimental views. These views are historicism, the notion that history has an irresistible course, and holism, the (...)
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  4. Avicenna's Intuitionist Rationalism.Ismail Kurun - 2021 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 38 (4):317-336.
    This study is the first part of an attempt to settle a vigorous debate among historians of medieval philosophy by harnessing the resources of analytic philosophy. The debate is about whether Avicenna's epistemology is rationalist or empirical. To settle the debate, I first articulate in this article the three core theses of rationalism and one core thesis of empiricism. Then, I probe Avicenna's epistemology in his major works according to the first core thesis of rationalism (the intuition thesis). In the (...)
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  5. حاجة العلم إلى الفلسفة في عصر التكنولوجيا Science's need for philosophy in the age of technology.Ismail Salah - 2023 - In Arabs and the philosophical movement today. Beirut, Lebanon: Arab Thought Foundation. pp. 59-64.
    Science was not far from philosophy in ancient thought, but the two were one thing. I do not know whether the ancient philosophers considered themselves the issue of the relationship between them, as the modern and contemporary philosophers did. But the sure thing is that the natural sciences became independent from philosophy in the modern era, and most of the scientific departments in universities were divided into two parts: sciences, literature, and humanities. At the end of the nineteenth century and (...)
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  6. Does Inferior Oblique Muscle Overaction Affect Ocular Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials?İsmail Demir, Muhammed Zeki Yalcin, Deniz Uğur Cengiz, Şükrü Aydın, Cem Çankaya & Ahmet Mahmut Tekin - 2023 - European Journal of Therapeutics 29 (2):128-134.
    Objectives: Inferior oblique muscle overaction (IOOA) is a common ocular motility disorder. Ocular Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials (oVEMP) are tests that evaluate the reflex pathway between the utricular macula and the inferior oblique muscle to detect vestibular diseases. Our study is of great importance as it is the first study in the literature to evaluate the effect of inferior oblique muscle overaction on oVEMP parameters. -/- Methods: Thirty-five patients with unilateral inferior oblique muscle overaction (IOOA group) and 18 healthy volunteers (...)
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  7.  85
    Factors Predicting Febrile Urinary Tract Infection After Ureterorenoscopic Lithotripsy in Pediatric Patients.İsmail Evren & Emre Sam - 2023 - European Journal of Therapeutics 29 (1):88-93.
    Introduction: There is no study investigating the factors predicting postoperative febrile urinary tract infection (fUTI) in pediatric patients. We aimed to determine the factors predicting postoperative fUTI in pediatric patients who underwent ureterorenoscopic lithotripsy (URS-L). -/- Methods: Pediatric patients who underwent URS-L due to ureter or kidney stones in our clinic between 2012 and 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The demographic data, stone characteristics, intraoperative and postoperative data of those with and without postoperative fUTI were compared. Univariable and multivariable binary logistic (...)
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  8. النزعة الداخلية الدلالية Semantic internalism.Ismail Salah - 2020 - منصة معنى.
    The semantic dispute revolves around the definition of meaning: internalists say that meaning is determined entirely by aspects that are internal to the speaker, while externalists say that meaning is determined, at least in part, by features that are external to the speaker. This article contains a statement of the ideas of semantic internalism, the arguments that support it, and some of the responses of its supporters to their opponents. This tendency is supported by philosophers such as Searle, Chomsky, Jackendrov, (...)
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  9. Enhancing Language Acquisition: A Case Study of TESL Lesson Plans in an International School.Nur Amalina Mohd Sharif, Siti Maftuhah Damio & Hazrat Usman Mashwani - 2023 - Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (Mjssh) 8 (10):1-13.
    The fourth goal in Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) spells out Quality Education that demands teachers across all disciplines to teach effectively. The available literature suggests that teaching effectiveness starts from good planning, which should be evident in the documentation of lesson plans. However, when it comes to English teachers, their demanding roles that are attributed to the value-laden content, the grading of essays, the performance pressure of high-stake testing, and the requirement of culturally appropriate pedagogies (Loh & Liew, 2016)have caused (...)
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  10.  74
    DHF Learning Module Design for Elementary School Teachers Within the Region Kuta Raja District, Banda Aceh City.Hermansyah Hermansyah, Ismail Ismail, Munazar Munazar & Halimatussakdiah Halimatussakdiah - 2023 - Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Ipa 9 (11):9749-9755.
    The high number of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) cases from year to year and the endemic status of DHF in Kutaraja District, Banda Aceh City encourages us to always make efforts to reduce the morbidity rate of DHF. The involvement of elementary school teachers is very important to participate in DHF control which will teach their students. This study was conducted to assess the effect of before and after administration of the DHF learning module on the average knowledge score of (...)
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  11. Phiolosophical Aspects of Mutabbi: a Contextual Analysis with Special Reference to Globalization of Education.Jafar Paramboor & Mohd Burhan Ibrahim - 2014 - Journal of Education and Practice 4 (26):151-156.
    In the ongoing process of searching the identity of Islamic education paradigm, theory and practice, there are certain values that should be contemplated with help of the exact traditional methodology of Islamic educational research. Although we could find some alternatives to replace our concrete area of knowledge seeking paradigm, the concept of ‘Murabbi’, the derivative of ‘tharbiyah’ has to be relevantized in the context of globalization of the education. ‘Tharbiya’ in its theoretical aspects cannot be fully related to ‘Murabbi’ in (...)
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  12. Ismail, Salah. 2022. "Introduction," in Jennifer Lackey, The Epistemology of Groups, translation into Arabic by Huda Alawaji, Al Rawafed Culture & Ibn Nadim, pp. 11-22.Salah Ismail - 2022 - In Jennifer Lackey, The Epistemology of Groups, translation into Arabic by Huda Alawaji, Al Rawafed Culture & Ibn Nadim. Beirut, Lebanon: Al Rawafed Culture & Ibn Nadim. pp. 11-22..
    شنت الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية حربا على العراق عام 2003 بدعوى أن العراق يمتلك أسلحة دمار شامل، ثم تبين للعالم عدم صحة هذه الدعوى، وقال الناس: لقد كذبت الإدارة الأمريكية. كانت نظرية المعرفة التقليدية تنسب المعرفة إلى الذات العارفة الفردية، وتركز على الفاعلين الأفراد وحالاتهم الاعتقادية، مثل "يعتقد أحمد بقضية معينة". أما أن ننسب الحالات المعرفية إلى الجماعات مثل " كذبت الإدارة الأمريكية"، فهذا تحول في الإبستمولوجيا إلى الفاعل الجماعي. إبستمولوجيا الجماعات epistemology of groups حقل فرعي من الإبستمولوجيا الاجتماعية. يهدف إلى (...)
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  13. A Product Life Cycle Ontology for Additive Manufacturing.Munira Mohd Ali, Rahul Rai, J. Neil Otte & Barry Smith - 2019 - Computers in Industry 105:191-203.
    The manufacturing industry is evolving rapidly, becoming more complex, more interconnected, and more geographically distributed. Competitive pressure and diversity of consumer demand are driving manufacturing companies to rely more and more on improved knowledge management practices. As a result, multiple software systems are being created to support the integration of data across the product life cycle. Unfortunately, these systems manifest a low degree of interoperability, and this creates problems, for instance when different enterprises or different branches of an enterprise interact. (...)
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  14. Evrensel İlkeler Işığında Yerel Değerlerin Anlamlandırılması Olanaklı Mıdır? Kant’ın Ahlâk İlkesinin Uygulanmasına Dair Öneriler.İsmail Serin - 2009 - In Türkiye ve Ortadoğu Amme İdaresi Enstitüsü (TODAİE) Kamu Etiği Sempozyumu, Sempozyum Bildirileri Kitabı. Ankara, Turkey: pp. 235-238.
    İlk kez derli toplu bir biçimde Aydınlanma Çağının en önemli ve etkili filozofu İmmanuel Kant’ın dillendirdiği evrensel ahlâk yasası uyarınca insan öyle eylemelidir ki, davranışıyla insanı araç haline getirmesin. Kültürden, toplumun koşullarından, geleneklerden ve dinsel etkilerden arındırılmış bu ilkenin buyurganlığı herhangi bir koşul ya da sınır tanımamasıyla ünlüdür. Oysa insanlar, hem bireysel hem de toplumsal gerekçelerle bu formel ilkeyle kendilerini her zaman bir çekişme içinde bulurlar. Kant’ın ahlâk anlayışı açısından etik değerlerin herhangi bir kültürel, toplumsal ya da siyasal baskı ya (...)
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  15. This is Philosophy of Mind : An introduction / Pete Mandik, translation into Arabic by Salah Ismail بيت مانديك، هذه هي فلسفة العقل: مقدمة، ترجمة صلاح إسماعيل.Salah Ismail - 2023
    مقدمة للموضوعات الأساسية في فلسفة العقل. فتراه يعالج طبيعة العقل ومشكلة العقل والجسم، والذكاء الاصطناعي، والإرادة الحرة، وطبيعة الوعي، والقصدية، والهوية الشخصية والذات. وهو في معالجة هذه الموضوعات يتتبع أصولها التاريخية ويناقش النظريات المعاصرة المفسرة لها. وأخص ما يمتاز به هو الوضوح والبساطة والشمول والدقة. وهو بهذه السمات لن يكون مفيدًا لدارسي الفلسفة فحسب، وإنما سيكون ممتعًا لكثير من المثقفين أيضًا. وأرى من الخير أن يظهر القارئ العربي على عملٍ نافعٍ ورائعٍ مثل هذا. Discover fascinating and illuminating contributions to historical (...)
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  16. Ernest Sosa, Epistemology, translation into Arabic and Study by Salah Ismail, a first edition.Salah Ismail (ed.) - 2022 - Cairo, Egypt: National Center for Translation.
    يلقي سوسا ( -1940) في هذا الكتاب المسائل الكلاسيكية والمعاصرة في نظرية المعرفة، ويعرض مشكلاتها، ويقترح لها الحلول. بداية من الشكية، ومرورا بمشكلة جيتير، والنزاع بين نزعة الأسس ونزعة الاتساق على بنية المعرفة، والخلاف بين النزعة الخارجية والنزعة الداخلية على طبيعة المعرفة، وانتهاء بالدفاع عن إبستمولوجيا الفضيلة التي أسسها واستهل البحث فيها عام 1980، ويناقش العلاقة بين أنصار الثقة وأنصار المسئولية في هذا الفرع المعرفي الجديد. وأنت حين تطالع عرض سوسا لمسائل المعرفة إنما تطالع عقلا ناقدا وفكرا دقيقا في طبيعة (...)
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  17. Matter and Mind - A Philosophical Inquiry | Mario Bunge. Translation and Introduction by Salah Ismail.Salah Ismail - 2019 - Cairo, Egypt: National Center for Translation.
    This book discusses two of the oldest and hardest problems in both science and philosophy: What is matter?, and What is mind? A reason for tackling both problems in a single book is that two of the most influential views in modern philosophy are that the universe is mental (idealism), and that everything real is material (materialism). Most of the thinkers who espouse a materialist view of mind have obsolete ideas about matter, whereas those who claim that science supports idealism (...)
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  18. Mind, Language and Society: Philosophy in the Real World, John R. Searle. Arabic translation and introduction by Salah Ismail.Salah Ismail - 2011 - Cairo, Egypt: National Center for Translation.
    In this book, John Searle brings concepts such as reality, truth, consciousness, and society from their abstract perch down to the world we all live in. He takes readers through the conceptual problems associate with basic metaphysics, the biology of the mind, the structure of consciousness, the paradox of intentionality, the nature of language and the structure of the social universe. Condemning the belief that our world is dependent on our perception of it, Searle stresses that there is a real (...)
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  19. Evaluation Assessment of Capacity Building Programme on the Performance of LGAs Procurement Functions. A Case of Tanzania LGAs.Muhsin Danga & Ismail Juma Kaudunde - 2019 - International Journal of Academic Accounting, Finance and Management Research (IJAAFMR) 3 (4):15-22.
    Abstract: Public procurement is the acquisition of right goods, works and services required to satisfy certain needs at the right time, from the right supplier, in the right quantities, in the right quality, and at the right price. Worldwide it accounts 10% – 30 % of GNP while in Tanzania it accounts for about more 45% of the total budget. Appropriate procurement system in the public sector is a tool for achieving political, economic and social goals. The research examined the (...)
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  20. Hukuk Düşünce Özgürlüğünün Güvencesi Olabilir mi? Klasik Liberal Görüşün Eleştirisi.İsmail Serin - 2010 - In Hukuk Felsefesi ve Sosyolojisi Arkivi. Istanbul, Turkey: pp. 179-181.
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  21.  90
    Head and Neck Tuberculosis in Southeastern Region in Turkey, Near the Syrian Border.Koray Tümüklü, İsmail Aytaç, Alper Yazıcı & Sema Aytaç - 2023 - European Journal of Therapeutics 29 (3):256-263.
    Objective: The study was conducted to evaluate profiles, demographical data, diagnostic, clinical and treatment approaches in relation to the cases of diagnosed head and neck tuberculosis after the start of the Syrian civil war in 2011. The aim of the study is to share current knowledge on head and neck tuberculosis and to investigate whether there is an epidemiological change with the admission of immigrants after the start of the Syrian civil war. -/- Methods: Demographic data, contact history, relapse, localization, (...)
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  22. Concepts of Utopia: Toward of a Better World.Salah Ismail - 2020 - Al-Tafahm 18 (70):47-72.
    A utopia is an ideal society that does not exist, which the author conceives better than the society in which he lives. A predilection for it is a social dream driven by a narrowing of reality and a desire for a better way of life. All forms of philosophical, social, scientific, religious and literary utopia raise questions such as: Can the way we live be improved? What are the faults of the society or the world in which we live? What (...)
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  23. Analytic Philosophy.Salah Ismail - 2021 - Saudi Journal of Philosophical Studies 1 (1):169-193.
    Analytic philosophy is a philosophical tradition dominating Anglo-American philosophy, which emerged with clear features at the beginning of the twentieth century, and had its roots in the nineteenth century and before, and is still strong until now. It in essence is an interest in analysis, language, science, logic, and a systematic rather than a historical approach to philosophical problems. This article aims to understand the concepts of analysis and the analytical method, explain the origins of analytic philosophy, and its development (...)
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  24. Enriching the Functionally Graded Materials (FGM) Ontology for digital manufacturing.Munira Mohd Ali, Ruoyu Yang, Binbin Zhang, Francesco Furini, Rahul Rai, J. Neil Otte & Barry Smith - 2021 - International Journal of Production Research 59 (18):5540-5557.
    Functionally graded materials (FGMs) have been used in many different kinds of applications in recent years and have attracted significant research attention. However, we do not yet have a commonly accepted way of representing the various aspects of FGMs. Lack of standardised vocabulary creates obstacles to the extraction of useful information relating to pertinent aspects of different applications. A standard resource is needed for describing various elements of FGMs, including existing applications, manufacturing techniques, and material characteristics. This motivated the creation (...)
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  25. Depression Among University Students.Muhammad Adli Bin Mohd Ranizal, Wan Qatrunnisa Binti Wan Zabidi, Saidatul Aziera Binti Mohd Shariff, Jackleyn Stanis & Shahira Amiera Binti Shamsul Amir - 2019 - E-Journal of Media and Society 2 (1):01-15.
    This study is done in order to find the factor of depression among the college student in Malaysia. Depression among the college student are increasing as it come from many factor. This study used behavioural theory as the foundations theories for the model development. The study involved 406 respondents, selected through google form responses involving all the university students around Malaysia. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. All variables were measured through scales previously used by other researchers. In (...)
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  26.  60
    Epistemology of Laduni Science on Muhammad Al-Ghazali Thought (18th edition).Wekke Ismail Suardi & Amiruddin Acep - 2018 - Al-Ulum 18 (2):521-544.
    In essence, epistemology is a combination of thinking rationally and thinking empirically. This way of thinking is combined in the study of natural phenomena to discover the truth, the mind and the senses. Therefore, epistemology is an attempt to interpret and prove the belief that we know another fact, other than ourselves. The purpose of this research is to discover the workings and concepts of epistemology of science according to Al-Ghazali? And how the acquisition of knowledge and truth through Laduni (...)
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  27. العقل بوصفه مُخًّا Mind as Brain.Salah Ismail - 2019 - Https://Mana.Net/Archives/3645.
    العقل بوصفه مُخًّا – د. صلاح إسماعيل Mind as brain Salah Ismail العقل بوصفه مُخًّا سؤال يُلقيه الإنسان على نفسه، ويُلقيه الفلاسفة والعلماء بعضهم على بعض، وتختلف الإجابات عنه بإختلاف العصور وما يكتسبه الناس من المعرفة والعلم. ولست أدرى أكان القدماء يفكرون في جوانبه مثل ما نفكر فيه الآن أم لا. وأكبر الظنّ أن التقدم الذى حدث في دراسة المخ وتصويره أثر أعظم الأثر في فهم هذا السؤال: ما هو هذا الشيء الذى يسمى عقلًا؟ وإذا نحّينا جانبا الجواب العام (...)
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  28.  94
    النزعة الخارجية الدلالية Semantic externalism.Salah Ismail - 2020 - منصة معنى، 8 فبراير.
    Semantic externalism Are the meanings of natural kind words, such as “water” or “tiger,” in the head or in the world? This question is pressing and controversial in contemporary philosophy. The nature of the meaning related to propositional contents and words of the natural kind raises a fundamental disagreement between two groups of philosophers: defenders of internalism and defenders of externalism. The two groups differ on how to define meaning. Internalists say that meaning is determined entirely by aspects that are (...)
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  29. A Study of Concepts from a Philosophical Point of View.Salah Ismail - 1997 - مجلة إسلامية المعرفة 2 (8):9-38.
    A question that I ask myself - and there is no doubt that someone else is asking it as well - whenever I see confusion between the meanings of the writers or the interlocutors, which is: What is the problem in our intellectual life? And every time the answer comes to me: The reason is the ambiguity of ideas or concepts at times, or their distortion at other times. In this paper, an attempt is made to shed light on this (...)
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  30. Contemporary trends in the philosophy of language الاتجاهات المعاصرة في فلسفة اللغة.Salah Ismail - 1996 - Al-Fikr Al- Arabi الفكر العربي 17 (83):53-77.
    يقدم هذا البحث معالجة تحليلية موجزة للاتجاهات الأساسية في فلسفة اللغة المعاصرة، وهي ثلاثة: 1- الاتجاه الممتد من فريجه ورسل وفتجنشتين المبكر عبر الوضعية المنطقية وكواين وديفيدسون ودميت وبتنام وكريبكي. ويهتم بالعلاقة بين المعنى والصدق والإشارة. والسؤال الأساسي في هذا الاتجاه هو: ما شروط صدق الجملة؟ 2- الاتجاه الممتد من مور وفتجنشتين المتأخر ومدرسة أكسفورد (رايل، وأوستن وستراوسون، وجرايس) وسيرل وهابرماس وبراندوم. ويهتم بالعلاقة بين اللغة والمتكلم. والسؤال الأساسي في هذا الاتجاه هو: ما العلاقة بين المعنى والاستعمال. 3- الاتجاه الذي (...)
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  31. Virtues of the mind: Virtue epistemology in the context of cultural development فضائل العقل: إبستمولوجيا الفضيلة في سياق التَّنمية الثقافية.Salah Ismail - 2019 - In Wilferd Madelung, Cyril Uy, Carmela Baffioni & Nuha Alshaar (eds.), رسائل اخوان الصفاء وخلان الوفاء (49 51): الرسالة الثامنة الى الرسالة العاشرة من القسم الرابع في النموسية الالهية. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 143-174.
    فضائل العقل إبستمولوجيا الفضيلة في سياق التَّنمية الثقافية -/- إحدى السمات الرائعة لجنسنا هي ميله إلى البحث. ولكن البحث يمكن أن يسير بشكل جيد أو بشكل سيء. وربما يرد الخطأ إلى خلل في قدرة إدراكية مثل ضعف الذاكرة، ومع ذلك، غالبًا ما يصدر نجاح أو إخفاق البحث عن مصدر شخصي. إذ يتطلب ممارسة سمات شخصية عقلية مثل الملاحظة اليقظة، أو التحليل الدقيق والشامل، أو التفسير والتقييم المنصفين. عندما نفكر في الشخصية أو الفضائل، فإننا نفكر في شيء أخلاقي على نحو مميز. (...)
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  32. ماريو بونجي والمادية النسقية.Salah Ismail - 2019 - In ماريو بونجي، المادة والعقل، ترجمة وتقديم صلاح إسماعيل. Cairo, Egypt: pp. 13-60.
    مناقشة نقدية، لأول مرة في اللغة العربية، لمذهب الفيلسوف- العالم الأرجنتيتي ماريو بونجي (1919-2020) المعروف بالمادية النسقية، من خلال بحث تصوره المادي للعقل، وتمييزه بين المعرفة الحقيقية والزائفة، بالإضافة إلى دفاعه عن مشروع التنوير، وبيان إسهاماته العلمية والفلسفية الأخرى.
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  33. إبستمولوجيا الفضيلة Sosa and Virtue Epistemology.Salah Ismail - 2022 - In Ernest Sosa, Epistemology, translation into Arabic and Study by Salah Ismail, a first edition. Cairo, Cairo Governorate, Egypt: pp. 7-29.
    إبستمولوجيا الفضيلة هي محاولة لاستكشاف الفضائل العقلية والبحث فى الطريقة التى تشكل معالجتنا لمسائل المعرفة. ظهر مصطلح "إبستمولوجيا الفضيلة" لأول مرة في كتاب سوسا "المعرفة من وجهة نظر"1991. ولكن فكرة الفضيلة العقلية ظهرت لأول مرة في المشهد الإبستمولوجي المعاصر في مقال سوسا "الطوافة والهرم" 1980. وفي ذلك الوقت كانت الإبستمولوجيا تزخر بحلول مقترحة لمشكلة جيتير ، واعتراضات حديثة على النزعة الداخلية والنزعة الخارجية معا، واختلافات بين أنصار نظرية الأسس وأنصار نظرية الاتساق. وخلص سوسا في هذا المقال إلى نتيجة مؤداها أن (...)
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  34. تكذيب قابلية التكذيب: بونجي يتحدى بوبر Falsifying Falsifiabilism: Bunge challenges Popper.Salah Ismail - 2020 - Mana.Net.
    This article aims to discuss Bunge's critique of Popper's falsifiabilism as a criterion for distinguishing science from pseudoscience. First, it provides a historical background to the distinction of science; secondly, it explore Duhem-Quine thesis as an early objection to falsifiability, and thirdly, it discusses Bunge's criticism of falsifiability as all-around false — logically, methodologically, psychologically, and historically; and finally, it provides the criteria of scientificity from Bunge's point of view. في الوقت الذي يتسابق فيه العلماء من أجل الكشف عن علاج (...)
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  35. Sosa and Virtue Epistemology.Salah Ismail - 2022 - In Ernest Sosa, Epistemology, translation into Arabic and Study by Salah Ismail, a first edition. Cairo, Egypt: pp. 7-29.
    إبستمولوجيا الفضيلة هي محاولة لاستكشاف الفضائل العقلية والبحث فى الطريقة التى تشكل بها معالجتنا لمسائل المعرفة. ظهر مصطلح "إبستمولوجيا الفضيلة" لأول مرة في كتاب سوسا "المعرفة من وجهة نظر"1991. ولكن فكرة الفضيلة العقلية ظهرت لأول مرة في المشهد الإبستمولوجي المعاصر في مقال سوسا "الطوافة والهرم" 1980. وفي ذلك الوقت كانت الإبستمولوجيا تزخر بحلول مقترحة لمشكلة جيتير، واعتراضات حديثة على النزعة الداخلية والنزعة الخارجية معا، واختلافات بين أنصار نظرية الأسس وأنصار نظرية الاتساق. وخلص سوسا في هذا المقال إلى نتيجة مؤداها أن (...)
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  36. Theories of Epistemic Justification.Salah Ismail - 2000 - Arab Journal for the Humanities 18 (69):110-151.
    Knowledge is not only true belief, because some true beliefs are supported by lucky guesswork and hence do not describe knowledge. Knowledge requires possession of good reasons that elevates a true belief to the status of knowledge. This is justification condition. However, this concept of knowledge has been disputed by Gettier and requires modification. Some philosophers say that we must add the condition that the complete justification that a man has for what he believes must not depend on any false (...)
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  37. Naturalistic Epistemology.Salah Ismail - 2002 - Annals of the Arts and Social Sciences 22 (183):1-85.
    Naturalism in philosophy has a long time and rich heritage. In the second half of twentieth century, there have been a number of philosophers who called for naturalizing epistemology. In recent years the movement to naturalize epistemology has become increasingly popular. The interest in naturalistic epistemology traces to W.V.Quine’s paper "Epistemology Naturalized" (1969). In this paper, Quine argued for a new approach to epistemological questions, and he made argument for transforming epistemology into a new discipline by making it a part (...)
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  38. Davidson's Concept of Truth.Salah Ismail - 1996 - Arab Journal for the Humanities 14 (56):206-257.
    Truth is a matter of interest not only to philosophers, but to scientists and other researchers in various branches of knowledge. This paper examines Davidson’s views of the concept of truth. In the first section, I provide a brief account of the basic ideas of Davidson’s philosophy. An understanding of Davidson’s philosophy is essential for anyone who wishes to follow recent debates in the philosophy of language, the philosophy of action, the philosophy of logic, and the philosophy of the mind. (...)
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  39. John Searle and the Problem of Consciousness.Salah Ismail - 2000 - Bulletin of the Faculty of Arts, Cairo University 60 (4):285-330.
    This paper aims to: 1-Formulating the problem of consciousness in precise formulation that helps in understanding it and trying to solve it. 2- Determine the basic trends in treating consciousness. 3- Reconstructing Searle's views of consciousness to form a logical, interconnected structure. يهدف هذا المقال إلى: 1- صياغة مشكلة الوعي صياغة دقيقة تساعد في فهمها ومحاولة حلها. 2- تحديد الاتجاهات الأساسية في معالجة الوعي. 3- إعادة بناء آراء سيرل في الوعي بحيث تشكل بنية منطقية مترابطة الأجزاء.
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  40. Philosophy of Language.Salah Ismail - 2017 - Cairo, Egypt: Al Dar Almasriah Allubnaniah.
    Philosophy of Language, introduces students to the main issues and theories in twenty-first-century philosophy of language, focusing specifically on linguistic phenomena. Author Salah Ismail divided the book into seven chapters. Ch. I, Philosophy of language: Defining term and Indication of trends. Ch.2, Empirical theory in language learning (Quine). Ch.3, Mental theory in language learning and its knowledge (Chomsky). Ch.4, Theories of meaning, surveys the competing theories of linguistic meaning and compares their various advantages and liabilities; theory of ideas, theory (...)
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  41. قضايا إشكالية في الفكر الإسلامي المعاصر.Salah Ismail - 1997 - Cairo, Egypt:
    أدرك المشتغلون بالعلوم الإنسانية والاجتماعية والشرعية التدهور الحضاري الذي تعاني منه الأمة الإسلامية في عصرنا، إذ تجتاز الأمة الآن مرحلة من العجز وفقدان التوازن وغياب الهُوية بالإضافة إلى الأزمات الاقتصادية والاجتماعية. ولاحظ هؤلاء أن الأصل في هذا التدهور الحضاري هو أنه أزمة فكرية في المقام الأول، وتندرج تحتها سائر الأزمات. وقدم هؤلاء محاولات فكرية متنوعة للخروج من هذه الأزمة، ولعل أبرزها وأكثرها توفيقا واقترابا من حاضر الأمة وتراثها وعقيدتها تلك المحاولة التي عرفت باسم "إسلامية المعرفة". وكتب أصحاب هذه المحاولة الكتب (...)
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  42. بناء المفاهيم: دراسة معرفية ونماذج تطبيقية، الجزء الأول.Salah Ismail - 1998 - Cairo, Egypt:
    تهدف قضية "أسلمة المعرفة" إلى إعادة تشكيل العقل المسلم عن طريق إعادة بناء المفاهيم الأساسية في نسق المعرفة الإسلامي. وهذا يتطلب توضيحا دلاليا للمفاهيم، وتحليلا لبنيتها، وكشفا عما يصيبها من تحريف وتشويه. ويقدم هذا الكتاب طرائق جديدة للتعامل مع مفاهيم جوهرية مثل المعرفة، والفكر، والحضارة، والثقافة، والمدنية، والعلم، والتجديد، والشرعية، والتنمية.
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  43. بناء المفاهيم : دراسة معرفية ونماذج تطبيقية، الجزء الثاني.Salah Ismail - 1998 - Cairo, Egypt:
    فى هذا الكتاب رؤية مفهومية جديدة تعرف بإسلامية المعرفة. وتهدف إلى إعادة تشكيل العقل المسلم عن طريق إعادة بناء المفاهيم الأساسية في النسق المعرفي الإسلامي. وهذا يتطلب توضيحا دلاليا للمفاهيم، وتحليلا لبنيتها، وكشفا عما يصيبها من تحريف وتشويه. ويقدم الكتاب طرائق جديدة للتعامل مع مفاهيم جوهرية مثل الشرعية، والتجديد، والتنمية، مفاهيم القرآن، مفاهيم السنة، ودراسة العبث بالمفاهيم.
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  44. البراجماتية الجديدة: فلسفة ريتشارد رورتى The New Pragmatism: The Philosophy of Richard Rorty.Salah Ismail - 2013 - Cairo, Egypt: المجلس الأعلى للثقافة Supreme Council of Culture.
    الفيلسوف الذي أحدثك عنه في هذا الكتاب هو واحد من أعظم الفلاسفة أثرًا في الفكر المعاصر؛ إنَّه الأمريكي ريتشارد رورتي (1931-2007). وأخصُّ ما تمتاز به فلسفة رورتي هو هذا التحوُّل الذي أحدثه في الفلسفة المعاصرة عامة، والبراجماتية خاصة. وأبسط مظاهر هذا التحوُّل أنَّه ثار على التصوُّر التقليدي للفلسفة باعتبارها تلقِّي الأسئلة وتلتمس لها الإجابات الخالدة، وبذلك تكون أساسية لبقية الثقافة. وانظر إليه في ثورته الفلسفية، فإذا هو يُنكر أنَّ العقل مرآة الطبيعة، وأنَّ المعرفة دقة التمثيلات في مرآة العقل، وأنَّ الفلسفة (...)
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  45. John Searle's Theory of Intentionality: A Study of Philosophy of Mind نظرية جون سيرل في القصدية: دراسة في فلسفة العقل.Salah Ismail - 2007 - kuwait: Annals of the Arts and Social Science, University of Kuwait, pp.1-200..
    دراسة فى فلسفة العقل عند جون سيرل، مع التركيز على مفهوم القصدية John Searle is one of the most important and influential living philosophers of the last thirty years. The core concept of his philosophy is intentionality. Intentionality is the mind's capacity to direct itself at things or represent them. How does the mind work? How can the human mind represent the external world? Representation is the primary function of our minds. When we believe, think, plan, hope, desire, conceive, we (...)
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  46. اللغة والعقل والعلم فى الفلسفة المعاصرة Language, Mind and Science in Contemporary Philosophy.Salah Ismail - 2018 - Cairo, Egypt: Roueya Publishing.
    أردت فى هذا الكتاب أن أتعمق بعض الموضوعات التى تقع فى صميم ثلاثة فروع فلسية متقاربة هى فلسفة اللغة، وفلسفة العقل، وفلسفة العلم.
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  47. Grice’s Intentionalistic Theory of Meaning.Salah Ismail - 2005 - Kuwait: Annals of the Arts and Social Science, Kuwait University.
    Philosophical inquiry on the problem of meaning is as old as philosophy. There are two approaches to the study of meaning . the first is associated with formal theories of meaning, proposed by Frege, earlier Wittgenstein, Quine, Davidson and Dummett. The second is associated with use theories of meaning, which was supported by later Wittgenstein , Austin, Grice, Strawson and Searle. Formal theories are concerned with the formal structure of language and the interrelations between sentences. The use theories put central (...)
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  48. Oxford School's Linguistic Analysis.Salah Ismail - 1993 - Beirut, Lebanon:
    After the death of Wittgenstein, the center of philosophical attention in England shifted from Cambridge to Oxford under the leadership of Ryle, Austin, Strawson and Grice. Hart, Hampshire, Toulmin, Hare, Nowell-Smith, Berlin and Warnock followed them. And this philosophy developed during the period of the fifties a great development made Oxford the center of the most important philosophy in the world. Oxford philosophy made the study of language the primary subject of philosophical inquiry. This study created a method known as (...)
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  49. Philosophy of Language and Logic: A Study of Quine’s Philosophy.Salah Ismail - 1995 - Cairo, Egypt: Dar El Maaref.
    هذا الكتاب هو الجانب الأكبر من أطروحتي للدكتوراه من جامعة القاهرة "فلسفة اللغة والمنطق عند كواين" وهو أول دراسة عربية عن هذا المنطقي الفيلسوف. تنقسم الدراسة إلى خمسة فصول يسبقها مدخل ويلحقها خاتمة. يحدد المدخل المراد بفلسفة اللغة وفلسفة المنطق، وتيارات فلسفة اللغة المعاصرة وموقع كواين منها. ويناقش الفصل الأول مشكلة التحليلية. ويشرح الثاني نظرية كواين التجريبية السلوكية في دراسة اللغة والإشارة. ويعالج الفصل الثالث مشكلة المعنى. ويحلل الرابع دعوى اللاتحديد في الترجمة. ويبحث الخامس آراء كواين في فلسفة المنطق. وفي (...)
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  50. Theory of Knowledge: A Contemporary Introduction.Salah Ismail - 2020 - Cairo, Cairo Governorate, Egypt: Al Dar Almasriah Allubnaniah.
    A philosophical study of the nature, types and conditions of knowledge, namely belief, truth, and justification. It discusses the most prominent theories presented by contemporary philosophers in the analysis of these conditions. It answers questions related to understanding, interpretation and scientific knowledge. The most important branches of contemporary epistemology are deepened, such as naturalistic epistemology and social epistemology. Moreover, the author addresses the concepts of knowledge through linguistic and logical analysis. He defends a vision of philosophy as a conceptual clarification (...)
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