Switch to: References

Add citations

You must login to add citations.
  1. What Fairness Demands: How We Can Promote Fair Compensation in Human Infection Challenge Studies and Beyond.Seán O’Neill McPartlin & Josh Morrison - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):48-50.
    This commentary shall focus on the central claim made in Lynch et al.’s paper “Promoting Ethical Payment in Human Infection Challenge Studies.” According to their paper, there is a threefold...
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Incentive Payments and Research Related Risks—No Reason to Change.Søren Holm - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):43-45.
    The paper by Lynch et al. argues that payments to research participants in biomedical research can be divided into three different categories, reimbursement, compensation, and incentive and...
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Promoting Ethical Payment in Human Infection Challenge Studies.Holly Fernandez Lynch, Thomas C. Darton, Jae Levy, Frank McCormick, Ubaka Ogbogu, Ruth O. Payne, Alvin E. Roth, Akilah Jefferson Shah, Thomas Smiley & Emily A. Largent - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):11-31.
    To prepare for potential human infection challenge studies involving SARS-CoV-2, we convened a multidisciplinary working group to address ethical questions regarding whether and how much SAR...
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  • Good Reasons to Vaccinate: Mandatory or Payment for Risk?Julian Savulescu - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (2):78-85.
    Mandatory vaccination, including for COVID-19, can be ethically justified if the threat to public health is grave, the confidence in safety and effectiveness is high, the expected utility of mandatory vaccination is greater than the alternatives, and the penalties or costs for non-compliance are proportionate. I describe an algorithm for justified mandatory vaccination. Penalties or costs could include withholding of benefits, imposition of fines, provision of community service or loss of freedoms. I argue that under conditions of risk or perceived (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  • Fair Go: Pay Research Participants Properly or Not at All.Olivia Grimwade, Julian Savulescu, Alberto Giubilini, Justin Oakley & Anne-Marie Nussberger - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (12):837-839.
    We thank the authors of the five commentaries for their careful and highly constructive consideration of our paper,1 which has enabled us to develop our proposal. Participation in research has traditionally been viewed as altruistic. Over time, payments for inconvenience and lost wages have been allowed, as have small incentives, usually in kind. The problem, particularly with controlled human infection model research or ‘challenge studies’, is that they are unpleasant and time-consuming. Researchers want to offer carrots to incentivise participation. We (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  • Payment in Challenge Studies: Ethics, Attitudes and a New Payment for Risk Model.Olivia Grimwade, Julian Savulescu, Alberto Giubilini, Justin Oakley, Joshua Osowicki, Andrew J. Pollard & Anne-Marie Nussberger - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (12):815-826.
    Controlled Human Infection Model research involves the infection of otherwise healthy participants with disease often for the sake of vaccine development. The COVID-19 pandemic has emphasised the urgency of enhancing CHIM research capability and the importance of having clear ethical guidance for their conduct. The payment of CHIM participants is a controversial issue involving stakeholders across ethics, medicine and policymaking with allegations circulating suggesting exploitation, coercion and other violations of ethical principles. There are multiple approaches to payment: reimbursement, wage payment (...)
    Download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations