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  1. The Vagueness of Integrating the Empirical and the Normative: Researchers’ Views on Doing Empirical Bioethics.T. Wangmo, V. Provoost & E. Mihailov - forthcoming - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-14.
    The integration of normative analysis with empirical data often remains unclear despite the availability of many empirical bioethics methodologies. This paper sought bioethics scholars’ experiences and reflections of doing empirical bioethics research to feed these practical insights into the debate on methods. We interviewed twenty-six participants who revealed their process of integrating the normative and the empirical. From the analysis of the data, we first used the themes to identify the methodological content. That is, we show participants’ use of familiar (...)
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  • The Trolley Problem in the Ethics of Autonomous Vehicles.Norbert Paulo - 2023 - Philosophical Quarterly 73 (4):1046-1066.
    In 2021, Germany passed the first law worldwide that regulates dilemma situations with autonomous cars. Against this background, this article investigates the permissibility of trade-offs between human lives in the context of self-driving cars. It does so by drawing on the debate about the traditional trolley problem. In contrast to most authors in the relevant literature, it argues that the debate about the trolley problem is both directly and indirectly relevant for the ethics of crashes with self-driving cars. Drawing on (...)
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  • Of trolleys and self-driving cars: What machine ethicists can and cannot learn from trolleyology.Peter Königs - 2023 - Utilitas 35 (1):70-87.
    Crashes involving self-driving cars at least superficially resemble trolley dilemmas. This article discusses what lessons machine ethicists working on the ethics of self-driving cars can learn from trolleyology. The article proceeds by providing an account of the trolley problem as a paradox and by distinguishing two types of solutions to the trolley problem. According to an optimistic solution, our case intuitions about trolley dilemmas are responding to morally relevant differences. The pessimistic solution denies that this is the case. An optimistic (...)
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  • Reflective equilibrium.Daniels Norman - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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