Identification, situational constraint, and social cognition : studies in the attribution of moral responsibility
In Joshua Knobe & Shaun Nichols (eds.), Experimental Philosophy. Oxford University Press (2007)
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This paper poses a new challenge to control-based theories of moral responsibility. Control-based theories – as defended, for instance, by Aristotle and John Martin Fischer – hold that an agent is responsible for an action only if she acted voluntarily and knew what she was doing. However, this paper argues that there is a large class of cases of unreflective behavior of which the following is true: the persons involved did not have the kind of control required by control-based theories, (...)