The entity of man and efficiency of mind are controversial issues in Arabic culture. There is no agreement
among Muslim philosophers and theologians in defining man and the mind. In their analysis, they relied on translated
Greek philosophical works and Arab cultural heritage and then added their thoughts. As a result, some scholars
accused Asrab culture of sinking into dualism.
To clarify the entity of man and mind, we should answer the following questions: Who is man? Is the function of the
mind just to achieve knowledge? What is the theory of equilibrium in Arab culture?
In this paper, I will examine these questions and then investigate the rational trend from Mu'tazili to Ibn Rushd and
compare it with another trend (Ibn Hazem and Al Ghazali), adherence to the text. Researchers have interpreted the
existence of such trends together as a reflection of the theory of equilibrium in Arab culture.