Counterfactuals for causal responsibility in legal contexts

Artificial Intelligence and Law 31 (1):115-132 (2023)
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We define a formal semantics of conditionals based on _normatively ideal worlds_. Such worlds are described informally by Armgardt (Gabbay D, Magnani L, Park W, Pietarinen A-V (eds) Natural arguments: a tribute to john woods, College Publications, London, pp 699–708, 2018) to address well-known problems of the counterfactual approach to causation. Drawing on Armgardt’s proposal, we use iterated conditionals in order to analyse causal relations in scenarios of multi-agent interaction. This results in a refined counterfactual approach to causal responsibility in legal contexts, which solves overdetermination problems in an intuitively accessible manner.

Author Profiles

Mario Günther
Ludwig Maximilians Universität, München
Holger Andreas
University Of British Columbia, Okanagan


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