Deductive Computing over Knowledge Bases: Prolog and Datalog

Journal of Knowledge Structures and Systems 5 (1):1-62 (2024)
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Abstract

Knowledge representation (KR) is actually more than representation: It involves also inference, namely inference of “new” knowledge, i.e. new facts. Logic programming is a suitable KR medium, but more often than not discussions on this programming paradigm focus on aspects other than KR. In this paper, I elaborate on the general theory of logic programming and give the essentials of two of its main implementations, to wit, Prolog and Datalog, from the viewpoint of deductive computing over knowledge bases, which includes deductive programming.

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Luis M. Augusto
Independent Scientist

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