From the Ultimate God to the Virtual God: Post-Ontotheological Perspectives on the Divine in Heidegger, Badiou, and Meillassoux

Meta:113-142 (2014)
Download Edit this record How to cite View on PhilPapers
Abstract
The Heideggerian account of the ontotheological constitution of Western metaphysics has been extremely influential for contemporary philosophy of religion and for philosophical perspectives on theology and the divine. This paper introduces and contrasts two central strategies for approaching the question of the divine in a non- or post-ontotheological manner. The first and more established approach is that of post-Heideggerian hermeneutics and deconstruction, inspired by Heidegger’s suggestion of a “theology without the word ‘being’” and by his later notions of an “ultimate god” and of “divinities” as one of the four axes of the fourfold . Here, the divine is no longer articulated in terms of the supreme or absolute being, but as one of the interdependent dimensions of finite and contextual meaningful presence. The more recent approach introduced by Alain Badiou and Quentin Meillassoux dissociates itself from the Heideggerian hermeneutics of finitude and adopts mathematics as its basic ontological model. Rather than focusing on meaning and sense, Badiou and Meillassoux replace ontotheological metaphysics with materialist frameworks. With regard to the divine, this approach leads either to a contemporary version of atheism or to the reintroduction of a divine entity, but now a merely possible and contingent one.
ISBN(s)
PhilPapers/Archive ID
BACFTU
Revision history
Archival date: 2016-03-21
View upload history
References found in this work BETA
Constructing the World.David Chalmers - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
Mind and World.Price, Huw & McDowell, John

View all 143 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Added to PP index
2015-02-12

Total views
141 ( #23,232 of 44,259 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
31 ( #22,664 of 44,259 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads since first upload
This graph includes both downloads from PhilArchive and clicks to external links.