Puzzles for ZFEL, McShea and Brandon’s zero force evolutionary law

Biology and Philosophy 27 (5):723-735 (2012)
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In their 2010 book, Biology’s First Law, D. McShea and R. Brandon present a principle that they call ‘‘ZFEL,’’ the zero force evolutionary law. ZFEL says (roughly) that when there are no evolutionary forces acting on a population, the population’s complexity (i.e., how diverse its member organisms are) will increase. Here we develop criticisms of ZFEL and describe a different law of evolution; it says that diversity and complexity do not change when there are no evolutionary causes.
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Philosophy of Biology.Sismondo, Sergio
Epiphenomenalism - the Do's and the Don 'Ts'.Shapiro, Lawrence A. & Sober, Elliott

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Evolutionary and Newtonian Forces.Hitchcock, Christopher & Velasco, Joel D.
Four Solutions for Four Puzzles.Brandon, Robert N. & McShea, Daniel W.

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