Epistemic Contrastivism

Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2017)
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Contrastivism about knowledge is the view that one does not just know some proposition. It is more adequate to say that one knows something rather than something else: I know that I am looking at a tree rather than a bush but I do not know that I am looking at a tree rather than a cleverly done tree imitation. Knowledge is a three-place relation between a subject, a proposition and a contrast set of propositions. There are several advantages of a contrastivist view but also certain problems with it.
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Epistemic Operators.Dretske, Fred I.
Contrastive Knowledge Surveyed.Schaffer, Jonathan & Knobe, Joshua
Knowing the Answer.Schaffer, Jonathan
Moral Skepticism and Justification.Sinnott-Armstrong, Walter

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