Abstract: In this article, we explore what are ethical forms of holding service users responsible in mental
health care contexts. Hanna Pickard has provided an account of how service users should be held responsible
for morally wrong or seriously harmful conduct within contexts of mental health care, called the clinical stance.
From a clinical stance one holds a person responsible for harm, but refrains from emotionally blaming the
person and only considers the person responsible for this conduct in a detached sense. Her account is based
on what are considered best practices in the treatment of people with borderline personality disorder and addiction. We ask if this account generalizes across different diagnostic criteria and different clinical contexts. To begin to answer this question, we compare the clinical stance to an account of what are considered best practices in the treatment of service users at a specialized clinic for people with autism spectrum disorder in the Netherlands. We refer to this alternative account as the nurturing stance and highlight relevant similarities and differences between the clinical stance and the nurturing stance. We conclude with suggestions for further research and theorizing.