Inability and Obligation in Moral Judgment

PLoS ONE 10 (8) (2015)
Download Edit this record How to cite View on PhilPapers
Abstract
It is often thought that judgments about what we ought to do are limited by judgments about what we can do, or that “ought implies can.” We conducted eight experiments to test the link between a range of moral requirements and abilities in ordinary moral evaluations. Moral obligations were repeatedly attributed in tandem with inability, regardless of the type (Experiments 1–3), temporal duration (Experiment 5), or scope (Experiment 6) of inability. This pattern was consistently observed using a variety of moral vocabulary to probe moral judgments and was insensitive to different levels of seriousness for the consequences of inaction (Experiment 4). Judgments about moral obligation were no different for individuals who can or cannot perform physical actions, and these judgments differed from evaluations of a non-moral obligation (Experiment 7). Together these results demonstrate that commonsense morality rejects the “ought implies can” principle for moral requirements, and that judgments about moral obligation are made independently of considerations about ability. By contrast, judgments of blame were highly sensitive to considerations about ability (Experiment 8), which suggests that commonsense morality might accept a “blame implies can” principle.
PhilPapers/Archive ID
BUCIAO
Revision history
First archival date: 2020-06-30
Latest version: 2 (2020-06-30)
View upload history
References found in this work BETA
.van Inwagen, Peter
Pushing Moral Buttons: The Interaction Between Personal Force and Intention in Moral Judgment.Greene, Joshua D.; Cushman, Fiery A.; Stewart, Lisa E.; Lowenberg, Kelly; Nystrom, Leigh E. & Cohen, Jonathan D.

View all 28 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
Vigilance and Control.Murray, Samuel & Vargas, Manuel
"Ought Implies Can,” Framing Effects, and "Empirical Refutations".Kissinger-Knox, Alicia; Aragon, Patrick & Mizrahi, Moti

View all 16 citations / Add more citations

Added to PP index
2015-08-22

Total views
120 ( #30,325 of 50,248 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
12 ( #37,870 of 50,248 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads since first upload
This graph includes both downloads from PhilArchive and clicks to external links.