The Virtuous Ensemble: Socratic Harmony and Psychological Authenticity

Southwest Philosophy Review 30 (1):127-136 (2014)
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Abstract
We discuss two models of virtue cultivation that are present throughout the Republic: the self-mastery model and the harmony model. Schultz (2013) discusses them at length in her recent book, Plato’s Socrates as Narrator: A Philosophical Muse. We bring this Socratic distinction into conversation with two modes of intentional regulation strategies articulated by James J. Gross. These strategies are expressive suppression and cognitive reappraisal. We argue that that the Socratic distinction helps us see the value in cognitive reappraisal and that the contemporary neurological research supports the wide range of attitudes toward the value of emotional experience that mirror those found in the Republic.
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