What Do We Need to Know to Know that Animals are Conscious of What They Know?

Animal Behavior and Cognition 6 (4):289-308 (2019)
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In this paper I argue for the following six claims: 1) The problem is that some think metacognition and consciousness are dissociable. 2) The solution is not to revive associationist explanations; 3) …nor is the solution to identify metacognition with Carruthers’ gatekeeping mechanism. 4) The solution is to define conscious metacognition; 5) … devise an empirical test for it in humans; and 6) … apply it to animals.

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Gary Comstock
North Carolina State University


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