Refining OntoClean. Identity Criteria and Grounding

Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops (JOWO 2020) (2020)
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In this paper we introduce some logical and philosophical refinements to OntoClean, first by developing some formal constraints on identity criteria, secondly by specifying a kind of identity criteria, two level identity criteria, whose role is to explain an identity among some entities referring to some other, more basic, entities. Using such refinement we add a formal constraint to the stock of OntoClean meta-constraints (OC+). We, then, observe that two level identity criteria have an intuitive reading in terms of dependence of a kind of entities on some other entities, possibly specified in terms of a grounding relation. Are identity criteria grounding principles? In the second part of the paper we discuss this option.

Author Profiles

Ciro De Florio
Università Cattolica di Milano
Massimiliano Carrara
University of Padua


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