Why “sex as a biological variable” conflicts with precision medicine initiatives

Cell Reports Medicine 10050 (3):1-3 (2022)
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Policies that require male-female sex comparisons in all areas of biomedical research conflict with the goal of improving health outcomes through context-sensitive individualization of medical care. Sex, like race, requires a rigorous, contextual approach in precision medicine. A “sex contextualist” approach to gender-inclusive medicine better aligns with this aim.

Author Profiles

Helen Zhao
Johns Hopkins University
Marion Boulicault
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Marina DiMarco
University of Pittsburgh


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