The conversational practicality of value judgement

The Journal of Ethics 8 (3):205-223 (2004)
Download Edit this record How to cite View on PhilPapers
Abstract
Analyses of moral value judgements must meet a practicality requirement: moral speech acts characteristically express pro- or con-attitudes, indicate that speakers are motivated in certain ways, and exert influence on others' motivations. Nondescriptivists including Simon Blackburn and Allan Gibbard claim that no descriptivist analysis can satisfy this requirement. I argue first that while the practicality requirement is defeasible, it indeed demands a connection between value judgement and motivation that resembles a semantic or conceptual rather than merely contingent psychological link. I then show how a form of descriptivism, the interest-relational theory, satisfies the requirement as a pragmatic and conversational feature of value judgement – thereby also accommodating its defeasibility. The word ``good'' is always indexed to some set of motivations: when this index is unarticulated in many contexts the speaker conversationally implicates possession of those motivations.
Reprint years
2005
PhilPapers/Archive ID
FINTCP
Revision history
Archival date: 2014-11-10
View upload history
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
Value and the Right Kind of Reason.Mark Schroeder - 2010 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 5:25-55.

View all 39 citations / Add more citations

Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total views
612 ( #5,434 of 46,389 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
67 ( #11,120 of 46,389 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads since first upload
This graph includes both downloads from PhilArchive and clicks to external links.