Paul Levi and the Origins of the United-Front Policy in the Communist International

Historical Materialism 25 (1):131-174 (2017)
Download Edit this record How to cite View on PhilPapers
During its first four congresses, held annually under Lenin, the Communist International went through two distinct phases: while the first two congresses focused on programmatic and organisational aspects of the break with Social-Democratic parties, the third congress, meeting after the putsch known as the ‘March Action’ of 1921 in Germany, adopted the slogan ‘To the masses!’, while the fourth codified this new line in the ‘Theses on the Unity of the Proletarian Front’. The arguments put forward by the first two congresses were originally drafted by leaders of the Russian Communist Party, but the initiative for the adoption of the united-front policy came from the German Communist Party under the leadership of Paul Levi. This article explores the historical circumstances that turned the German Communists into the pioneers of the united-front tactic. In the documentary appendix we add English versions of two documents drafted by Levi: the ‘Letter to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Germany’ on the Kapp Putsch, dated 16 March 1920, and thekpd’s ‘Open Letter’ of 8 January 1921, which gave rise to the united-front tactic.
No keywords specified (fix it)
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
PhilPapers/Archive ID
Revision history
Archival date: 2019-06-07
View upload history
References found in this work BETA
The German Revolution 1917-1923.Broué, Pierre; Archer, John; Birchall, Ian & Pearce, Brian
Rosa Luxemburg.Nettl, J. P.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Added to PP index

Total views
51 ( #38,937 of 46,392 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
30 ( #26,352 of 46,392 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads since first upload
This graph includes both downloads from PhilArchive and clicks to external links.