A theory of structural determination

Philosophical Studies 173 (1):159-186 (2016)
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Abstract
While structural equations modeling is increasingly used in philosophical theorizing about causation, it remains unclear what it takes for a particular structural equations model to be correct. To the extent that this issue has been addressed, the consensus appears to be that it takes a certain family of causal counterfactuals being true. I argue that this account faces difficulties in securing the independent manipulability of the structural determination relations represented in a correct structural equations model. I then offer an alternate understanding of structural determination, and I demonstrate that this theory guarantees that structural determination relations are independently manipulable. The account provides a straightforward way of understanding hypothetical interventions, as well as a criterion for distinguishing hypothetical changes in the values of variables which constitute interventions from those which do not. It additionally affords a semantics for causal counterfactual conditionals which is able to yield a clean solution to a problem case for the standard ‘closest possible world’ semantics
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Archival date: 2015-04-16
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Causation, Prediction, and Search.Spirtes, Peter; Glymour, Clark & Scheines, Richard
Cause and Norm.Hitchcock, Christopher & Knobe, Joshua

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2015-04-13

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