Hermeneutical Dissent and the Species of Hermeneutical Injustice

Hypatia 33 (1):73-90 (2018)
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According to Miranda Fricker, a hermeneutical injustice occurs when there is a deficit in our shared tools of social interpretation, such that marginalized social groups are at a disadvantage in making sense of their distinctive and important experiences. Critics have claimed that Fricker's account ignores or precludes a phenomenon I call hermeneutical dissent, where marginalized groups have produced their own interpretive tools for making sense of those experiences. I clarify the nature of hermeneutical injustice to make room for hermeneutical dissent, clearing up the structure of the collective hermeneutical resource and the fundamental harm of hermeneutical injustice. I then provide a more nuanced account of the hermeneutical resources in play in instances of hermeneutical injustice, enabling six species of the injustice to be distinguished. Finally, I reflect on the corrective virtue of hermeneutical justice in light of hermeneutical dissent.
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Philosophical investigations.Wittgenstein, Ludwig & Anscombe, G. E. M.

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Harms and Wrongs in Epistemic Practice.Barker, Simon; Crerar, Charlie & Goetze, Trystan S.

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