Humanidad por defecto, cooperación por defecto

Isegoría: Revista de Filosofía Moral y Política 67 (julio-diciembre):1-11 (2022)
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Abstract

According to John Searle, default positions, i.e., those intelligibility and action presuppositions, are some departing points from which pre-reflective and pragmatic assumptions are made. Postulating such points helps us deal with certain perennial philosophical issues, by leaving them aside. These problems are the existence of the external world, truth and facts, “direct” perception, the meaning of words, and causality. In this article, we argue that those default positions described by Searle constitute a default humanity, and their absence would dehumanize us. This is particularly relevant in a default position: cooperation, which is the basis of collective intentionality and the milestone of human civilization.

Author's Profile

Rodrigo González
University of Chile

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