A Genre Analysis of Chinese Abstracts from SOOCHOW JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHICAL STUDIES(臺灣西方哲學論文語體探討:以東吳哲學學報摘要為例)

Dissertation, National Chung Cheng University Translated by Lian Jr-Jiun (2023)
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Abstract

This study aimed to explore the rhetorical moves of article abstracts in Taiwanese Chinese philosophy journals. The most common theory for the discourse analysis of research abstracts is proposed by Hyland(2000). Most of the research abstracts in the field of social sciences and natural sciences are composed of Hyland’s five rhetorical moves: introduction, purpose, method, results, and conclusion. Therefore, the question to be explored in this research is how to compose the rhetorical moves of abstracts of Chinese philosophy journal articles. What is the frequency and order of each rhetorical move in the abstract of each paper? Do they reflect some particular type of distribution? Are there any rhetorical moves that occur exceptionally rarely? Does the abstract of research articles in Chinese philosophy journals apply the framework of the same five rhetorical moves? What are the conventions of the philosophy writing community reflected in the rhetorical moves of abstracts of academic journal articles in philosophy? To answer the above questions, this research collected the abstracts of 18 papers from the representative Chinese philosophy journal "SOOCHOW JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHICAL STUDIES " in Taiwan in the past five years (2017-2021) and used the five moves of Hyland(2000) one by one to answer the above questions. The rhetorical moves of each abstract were analyzed and presented in tables to show the frequency, order, and type of each rhetorical move. The results of this study found that "method (M)" and "conclusion (C)" are not the rhetorical moves that constitute the abstract of articles in Taiwanese philosophy journals, but the rhetorical move "purpose (P)" is "necessary" to appear. In the Purpose move, the subject is usually "this article"; the verbs are "argue" or "inquire." Although "introduction (I)" is a "conventional" move, the total number of words in the introduction is the highest in the whole abstract. This study also shows rhetorical move variation of the abstracts of philosophy journal articles, reflecting the writing culture and conventions of the academic philosophy community. Finally, this study proposes three teaching guidelines for abstract writing of academic papers in philosophy, which will be useful for philosophy scholars and graduate students to consult when writing and submitting abstracts of philosophy in conference or journal papers. Keywords: philosophy, journal article, abstract, discourse analysis, rhetorical move 本研究旨在探究台灣華文哲學期刊文章摘要的修辭語步。有鑒於過去針對研究論文「摘要研究」語步分析最常見的理論,是Hyland(2000)提出的五項修辭語步「簡介、目的、方法、成果、結論」架構,且多數人文科學或自然科學領域的研究論文摘要都是由Hyland(2000)所提出這五項修辭語步所組成的。因此,本研究所要探討的問題是華文哲學期刊論文摘要的修辭語步如何組成?各個修辭語步在各篇論文摘要出現的頻率與次序為何?它們是否反映出某些特定類型的分佈狀況?是否有哪些修辭語步出現的頻率格外稀少?華文哲學期刊文章的摘要是否適用『簡介、目的、方法、成果、結論』這五項修辭語步的架構?哲學學術期刊論文摘要的修辭語步所反映出哲學寫作社群慣例是什麼呢?為了解答上述問題,本研究採取的方法是蒐集近五年(2017年至2021年)台灣代表性華文哲學期刊文章《東吳哲學學報》十八篇論文摘要,並逐一運用Hyland(2000)五項修辭語步的理論架構分析各篇摘要的修辭語步,並運用表格彙整呈現出各個修辭語步出現的頻率、次序、類型。本研究的結果發現:「方法(M)」與「結論(C)」並不是構成台灣哲學期刊文章摘要的修辭語步、而「目的(P)」這項修辭語步是「必備性」出現的修辭語步(主語通常是「本文」;動詞是「論證」或「探究」)、「簡介(I)」雖是「慣例性」出現的語步,然其所占的總字數卻居於首位。這也顯示出了哲學期刊論文摘要的修辭語步變異、哲學學術社群的寫作文化與慣例。最後,本研究提出了三項適用於 Hyland(2007)語體教學法的學術論文的摘要寫作教學方針,期許能藉此延伸應用作為哲學教師未來進行教學、或研究生撰寫並投稿哲學期刊論文摘要的一個重要參照依據。 關鍵詞:哲學、期刊論文、摘要、言談分析、修辭語步

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