The generational cycle of state spaces and adequate genetical representation

Philosophy of Science 75 (2):140-156 (2008)
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Most models of generational succession in sexually reproducing populations necessarily move back and forth between genic and genotypic spaces. We show that transitions between and within these spaces are usually hidden by unstated assumptions about processes in these spaces. We also examine a widely endorsed claim regarding the mathematical equivalence of kin-, group-, individual-, and allelic-selection models made by Lee Dugatkin and Kern Reeve. We show that the claimed mathematical equivalence of the models does not hold. *Received January 2007; revised April 2008. †To contact the authors, please write to: Elisabeth Lloyd, Department of History and Philosophy of Science, 130 Goodbody Hall, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405; e-mail:; Richard Lewontin, Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138; Marcus Feldman, Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305; e-mail:
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Holobionts as Units of Selection and a Model of Their Population Dynamics and Evolution.Roughgarden, Joan; Gilbert, Scott F.; Rosenberg, Eugene; Zilber-Rosenberg, Ilana & Lloyd, Elisabeth A.

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