Biological Explanations of Social Inequalities

Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 103 (4):694-719 (2022)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Inequalities of social goods between gender, racial, or other groups call out for explanation. Such inequalities might be explained by socialization and discrimination. But historically some have attributed these inequalities to biological differences between social groups. Such explanations are highly controversial: on the one hand, they have a very troubling racist and sexist history, but on the other hand, they are empirical claims, and so it seems inappropriate to rule them out a priori. I propose that the appropriate epistemic attitude toward biological explanations of social inequalities is a general but defeasible skepticism. I then turn to the appropriate moral attitude, arguing that when such explanations are inadequately supported, they are offensive.

Author's Profile

Dan Lowe
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Analytics

Added to PP
2022-10-08

Downloads
262 (#52,882)

6 months
154 (#15,704)

Historical graph of downloads since first upload
This graph includes both downloads from PhilArchive and clicks on external links on PhilPapers.
How can I increase my downloads?