Could God Have Made the Big Bang? (On Theistic Counterfactuals)

Dialogue 33 (1):3-20 (1994)
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Abstract
Quentin Smith argues that if God exists, He had a duty to ensure life's existence; and He couldn't rationally have done so and made a big bang unless a counter-factual like "If God had made a big bang, there would have been life," was true pre-creation. But such counter-factuals are not true pre-creation. I argue that God could have made a big bang without irrationality; and that He could have ensured life without making big bangs non-random. Further, a proper understanding of the truth-conditions of counter-factuals like the one above lets them have determinate truth-values pre-creation. But the explanation of how the above counter-factual can be true pre-creation is more complicated than that offered by William Lane Craig.
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A Semantic Analysis of Conditional Logic.Stalnaker, Robert C. & Thomason, Richmond H.

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