This study demonstrates that there is a need of addressing
neighborhood relationships in contemporary times. And in this regard,
a position from Islam is considered in which neighborly relationships
are based on Quranic ethical virtue ihsan i.e., doing good to others.
The word neighbor in the Quran and Hadith is a general term that is
not discriminatory. It includes Muslims and non-Muslims. This
insight is very useful for building relationships in multicultural and
multireligious communities for harmony and peace. To locate a
neighbor, though there are jurisprudential opinions, leaving it to its
customary use is preferred in this study. The neighborhood rights and
duties are given in detail. And it is also demonstrated that those
prophetic narrations in which harming neighbors or committing sins
against them is considered as the consequence of the absence of faith
in fact show the disgust of such sinful acts; therefore, a sinful Muslim
is not considered as a non-believer. The harm is especially illustrated with infringing the privacy of
a neighbor. It has been shown that Ihsan includes ethically both non-maleficence and beneficence.
Most of the prophetic traditions can be classified under these two categories. In addition to this, it is
also shown that the neighborhood relations in Islam also include the Golden Rule which is allencompassing and in principle exhaustive.