Relational Desires and Empirical Evidence against Psychological Egoism

European Journal of Philosophy 19 (1):39–58 (2011)
Download Edit this record How to cite View on PhilPapers
Abstract
Roughly, psychological egoism is the thesis that all of a person's intentional actions are ultimately self-interested in some sense; psychological altruism is the thesis that some of a person's intentional actions are not ultimately self-interested, since some are ultimately other-regarding in some sense. C. Daniel Batson and other social psychologists have argued that experiments provide support for a theory called the "empathy-altruism hypothesis" that entails the falsity of psychological egoism. However, several critics claim that there are egoistic explanations of the data that are still not ruled out. One of the most potent criticisms of Batson comes from Elliott Sober and David Sloan Wilson. I argue for two main theses in this paper: (1) we can improve on Sober and Wilson’s conception of psychological egoism and altruism, and (2) this improvement shows that one of the strongest of Sober and Wilson's purportedly egoistic explanations is not tenable. A defense of these two theses goes some way toward defending Batson‘s claim that the evidence from social psychology provides sufficient reason to reject psychological egoism.
Keywords
PhilPapers/Archive ID
MAYRDA
Revision history
Archival date: 2013-04-01
View upload history
References found in this work BETA

View all 12 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Added to PP index
2009-04-28

Total views
973 ( #1,967 of 40,686 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
79 ( #6,218 of 40,686 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads since first upload
This graph includes both downloads from PhilArchive and clicks to external links.