The hard and easy grounding problems (Comment on A. Cangelosi)

International Journal of Signs and Semiotic Systems 1 (1):70-70 (2011)
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Abstract

I see four symbol grounding problems: 1) How can a purely computational mind acquire meaningful symbols? 2) How can we get a computational robot to show the right linguistic behavior? These two are misleading. I suggest an 'easy' and a 'hard' problem: 3) How can we explain and re-produce the behavioral ability and function of meaning in artificial computational agents?4) How does physics give rise to meaning?

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Vincent C. Müller
Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg

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