The paradox of decrease and dependent parts

Ratio 31 (3):273-284 (2018)
Download Edit this record How to cite View on PhilPapers
Abstract
This paper is concerned with the paradox of decrease. Its aim is to defend the answer to this puzzle that was propounded by its originator, namely, the Stoic philosopher Chrysippus. The main trouble with this answer to the paradox is that it has the seemingly problematic implication that a material thing could perish due merely to extrinsic change. It follows that in order to defend Chrysippus’ answer to the paradox, one has to explain how it could be that Theon is destroyed by the amputation without changing intrinsically. In this paper, I shall answer this challenge by appealing to the broadly Aristotelian idea that at least some of the proper parts of a material substance are ontologically dependent on that substance. I will also appeal to this idea in order to offer a new solution to the structurally similar paradox of increase. In this way, we will end up with a unified solution to two structurally similar paradoxes.
Categories
PhilPapers/Archive ID
MORTPO-118
Revision history
First archival date: 2018-01-26
Latest version: 3 (2018-05-31)
View upload history
References found in this work BETA
Real Definition.Rosen, Gideon

View all 33 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Added to PP index
2018-01-19

Total downloads
52 ( #27,763 of 37,126 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
17 ( #19,180 of 37,126 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads since first upload
This graph includes both downloads from PhilArchive and clicks to external links.