Machine intelligence: a chimera

AI and Society 34 (2):215-242 (2019)
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The notion of computation has changed the world more than any previous expressions of knowledge. However, as know-how in its particular algorithmic embodiment, computation is closed to meaning. Therefore, computer-based data processing can only mimic life’s creative aspects, without being creative itself. AI’s current record of accomplishments shows that it automates tasks associated with intelligence, without being intelligent itself. Mistaking the abstract for the concrete has led to the religion of “everything is an output of computation”—even the humankind that conceived the computer. The hypostatized role of computers explains the increased dependence on them. The convergence machine called deep learning is only the most recent form through which the deterministic theology of the machine claims more than what it actually is: extremely effective data processing. A proper understanding of complexity, as well as the need to distinguish between the reactive nature of the artificial and the anticipatory nature of the living are suggested as practical responses to the challenges posed by machine theology.
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Remarks on the Philosophy of Psychology.Diamond, Cora; Wittgenstein, Ludwig; Anscombe, G. E. M.; von Wright, G. H.; Nyman, Heikki; Luckhardt, C. G. & Aue, M. A. E.
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