Emergence of Consciousnesses Shows the Hardness of the Hard Problem of Consciousness

Journal of the Indian Council of Philosophical Research 23 (2):167-181 (2006)
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Abstract

I have argued that emergentism is a non-computational theory of mind, because this theory says that mind or consciousness emerges from material objects, but it will not be reduced to that matter. That is to say that the higher level of quality emerge from a lower level of existence. It emerges therefrom, and does not belong to that level, but constitutes its possessor a new order of existence with its social laws of behaviour. Thus, emergentism is an anti-reductionists' theory of the mind and has established the hardness of the problem of consciousness. The physicalistic theory of mind in all its hues faces the question as to how we can account for the qualitative content of our consciousness. It cannot ultimately tell us how the subjective content of our consciousness.

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Rajakishore Nath
Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay

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