Individual Differences in Moral Behaviour: A Role for Response to Risk and Uncertainty?

Neuroethics 6 (1):97-103 (2013)
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Investigation of neural and cognitive processes underlying individual variation in moral preferences is underway, with notable similarities emerging between moral- and risk-based decision-making. Here we specifically assessed moral distributive justice preferences and non-moral financial gambling preferences in the same individuals, and report an association between these seemingly disparate forms of decision-making. Moreover, we find this association between distributive justice and risky decision-making exists primarily when the latter is assessed with the Iowa Gambling Task. These findings are consistent with neuroimaging studies of brain function during moral and risky decision-making. This research also constitutes the first replication of a novel experimental measure of distributive justice decision-making, for which individual variation in performance was found. Further examination of decision-making processes across different contexts may lead to an improved understanding of the factors affecting moral behaviour
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“Economic Man” in Cross-Cultural Perspective: Behavioral Experiments in 15 Small-Scale Societies.Henrich, Joseph; Boyd, Robert; Bowles, Samuel; Camerer, Colin; Fehr, Ernst; Gintis, Herbert; McElreath, Richard; Alvard, Michael; Barr, Abigail; Ensminger, Jean; Henrich, Natalie Smith; Hill, Kim; Gil-White, Francisco; Gurven, Michael; Marlowe, Frank W. & Patton, John Q.
Evaluation of a Behavioral Measure of Risk Taking: The Balloon Analogue Risk Task.Lejuez, C. W.; Read, Jennifer P.; Kahler, Christopher W.; Richards, Jerry B.; Ramsey, Susan E.; Stuart, Gregory L.; Strong, David R. & Brown, Richard A.

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Influence of Self-Relevance and Reputational Concerns on Altruistic Moral Decision Making.Zhan, Youlong; Xiao, Xiao; Tan, Qianbao; Zhang, Shangming; Ou, Yangyi; Zhou, Haibo; Li, Jin & Zhong, Yiping

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