‘‘Describing our whole experience’’: The statistical philosophies of W. F. R. Weldon and Karl Pearson

Download Edit this record How to cite View on PhilPapers
Abstract
There are two motivations commonly ascribed to historical actors for taking up statistics: to reduce complicated data to a mean value (e.g., Quetelet), and to take account of diversity (e.g., Galton). Different motivations will, it is assumed, lead to different methodological decisions in the practice of the statistical sciences. Karl Pearson and W. F. R. Weldon are generally seen as following directly in Galton’s footsteps. I argue for two related theses in light of this standard interpretation, based on a reading of several sources in which Weldon, independently of Pearson, reflects on his own motivations. First, while Pearson does approach statistics from this "Galtonian" perspective, he is, consistent with his positivist philosophy of science, utilizing statistics to simplify the highly variable data of biology. Weldon, on the other hand, is brought to statistics by a rich empiricism and a desire to preserve the diversity of biological data. Secondly, we have here a counterexample to the claim that divergence in motivation will lead to a corresponding separation in methodology. Pearson and Weldon, despite embracing biometry for different reasons, settled on precisely the same set of statistical tools for the investigation of evolution.
PhilPapers/Archive ID
PENDOW
Revision history
Archival date: 2015-11-21
View upload history
References found in this work BETA

View all 17 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Added to PP index
2011-08-19

Total views
350 ( #8,248 of 39,941 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
33 ( #15,743 of 39,941 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads since first upload
This graph includes both downloads from PhilArchive and clicks to external links.