Biology's last paradigm shift. The transition from natural theology to Darwinism

Paradigmi 2012 (3):45-58 (2012)
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The theory of evolution, which provides the conceptual framework for all modern research in organismal biology and informs research in molecular bi- ology, has gone through several stages of expansion and refinement. Darwin and Wallace (1858) of course proposed the original idea, centering on the twin concepts of natural selection and common descent. Shortly thereafter, Wallace and August Weismann worked toward the complete elimination of any Lamarckian vestiges from the theory, leaning in particular on Weismann’s (1893) concept of the separation of soma and germ, resulting in what is some- times referred to as “neo-Darwinism”.
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